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cells cannot always immediately use all the energy it gets
organisms need a way of storing energy because _______
2 ; 4
in glycolysis, ___ molecules of ATP are used in the 1st step, and ___ molecules of ATP are produced in the second step.
name an example of an organism that is MOST likely to be directly dependent on the sun as an energy source.
without photosynthesis, what would probably happen to the levels of CO2 and O2 in Earth's atmosphere?
chlorophyll ; light
in addition to raw materials needed for photosynthesis, a plant must also have ________ and ________
the overall effect of the Calvin-Benson cycle is that CO2 combines with hydrogen to form _______
energy from the sun is converted to chemical energy through the process of __________
chlorophyll is the primary pigment in plant chloroplasts, it absorbs all wavelengths of light EXCEPT _______
the part of the visible spectrum that has the longest wavelength but yields the least amount of energy is ______
the process by which organisms obtain energy from inorganic compounds instead of from light is called __________
electron transport chain
the passing of electrons along a series of molecules, releasing energy as they go, is the ______________
light ; chemical
the process of photosynthesis is an example of plants taking in _____ energy and converting it into ______ energy.
90% of the water plants take in from their roots is lost through the leaves by _________
the vascular tissue that carries water and minerals up from the roots through a plant is the _______
electron transport chain
which process produces the most ATP molecules per glucose molecule consumed?
break down of carbohydrates to provide energy for the cell
the purpose of cellular respiration is to __________________
the process that makes a small amount of ATP and produces lactic acid is called __________
the photosynthesis process used by some plants to survive in a hot dry climate, like the desert is _________
only 1 photosynthesis is used in cyclic process
what is the main difference between cyclic and noncyclic photophosphorylation?
excited electrons are passed to electron acceptors
in the light-dependent reactions, when light strikes the pigments (chlorophyll), what is the immediate result?
bacteria and yeast cells get their energy from a phase of respiration that does not require oxygen, what is this phase called?
the molecules in the electron transport chain are located on the inner membranes of the __________
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