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Food and Health
Terms in this set (66)
What is happening at one time
Changes in pattern over time
How many people in Africa are HIV positive?
What was the life expectancy in SSAfrica, how was it changed?
60's and now 40's
How much can ARV's increase life expectancy by?
What percentage of those who need ARVs get them?
less than 20%
In 2001 what was the cost of ARVs per year and what is that cost now?
$700 US now $300 US
When was HIV first identified?
How many people were infected with HIV in 1994 and then in 2007?
15million rising to 33 million
How many people worldwide are HIV positive?
What % of HIV victims live in LEDCs?
What % of the Sub saharan african population have HIV?
What % of the South African population have HIV?
What % of the Zimbabwean population have HIV?
The life expectancy of malawi...
How many HIV orphans are there in Malawi?
HIV infected malawians lose how much of their productive lives to HIV?
When did South African governments policy reversal on HIV aids occur?
What is the most infected country in the World with HIV?
Number of people using ARVs in 2004, 2005 and 2006
4%, 15%, 21%
Number of people infected with HIV in 15-19 age group, 2005, 2006, 2007?
16%, 14% ,13%
A situation that exists when all people at all times have physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy lifestyle
Daily calorie requirements for a female?
Daily calorie requirements for a male
Food security is based on what three things...
Food availability, food access, food use
How many calories were available per person per day in the world in 2002?
How have areas of food security achieved this?
Intensity, Expand area of agricultural land, increased use of fertilizer and pesticides, mechanical technology, the 'green revolution' of the 1990s, Fair trade, Free trade
Food security case study...
Sub Saharan Africa
What % of the labor force in SSA is agriculture?
What % of people in SSA live in rural areas?
When did drought occur in the Sahel Desert, Niger?
How many people were at risk of starvation when drought in the Sahel hit?
What % of crops failed in the Sahel?
Drought has been a feature of the Sahel region since when?
The african continent is how much hotter than it was 100 years ago?
0.5 degrees C
Kenya is how much hotter than it was 100 years ago?
3 degrees C
Surface water in the Sahel has decreased by how much?
Income per day of people in SSA in 2008?
$1 per day
What % of niger's people are dependent on the land for livelihoods?
Trade barriers (6)
Tariffs, Agricultural subsides, bi and multilateral agreements, TNCs, Corporations
Ways to address food imbalances...
Food aid, free trade, fair trade
Three types of food aid...
Emergency food aid, program food aid, project food aid
Which is the least used type of food aid?
Project food aid
How many farmers and workers are impacted by fair trade in 2009?
Indonesia is the world largest nutmeg producer and holds what % of the market?
Grenada hold what % of the nutmeg market?
Example of MEDC sustainable farming?
LEDC example of sustainable farming?
Kenya, 'Excellent' NGO
NZ lamb food miles vs UK lamb food miles, both to UK...
626kg of carbon per tonne of lamb produced in NZ, 2580kg per tonne of UK lamb
Three causes of disease diffusion...
Relocation, Expansion, Technology and ideas
Mosquito's breed in what temperature?
26-32 degrees C
Malaria accounts for what % of heath care budgets in some LEDCs?
Malaria accounts for what % of hospital visits in LEDCs?
GDP increase for countries with malaria?
GDP increase for countries without malaria?
Malaria costs how much each year
$12 billion US
How many countries are affected by Malaria?
What % of malaria worldwide occurs in SSA?
AIDs kills how many people in Malawi each year?
What % of hospital beds in Malawi are taken up by AIDs patients?
In what year was a coalition group set up to tackle Malaria?
Which groups are a part of the coalition to tackle malaria?
WHO, World Bank, UN, Unicef and coalition governments.
World bank has increased its lending for aids from what to what?
500 million to 2.7 billion
In what year was the Ajuba declaration signed?
In what year was the WHO AIDS programme introduced?
In what year did the UNAIDS programme replace the WHO one?