Unit II History Vocab Test
Terms in this set (46)
The curving strip of good farmland in Mesopotamia that extended from the Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf.
A region in Southern Asia that is between the Tigris and Euphrates river
A region in southern Mesopotamia where several early cities were developed
Tigris and Euphrates
Parallel rivers that ran for more than 1,000 miles from the mountains of southeast Asia to the Persian Gulf. Near Mesopotamia.
Giving human characteristics to a God/god/animal/object
A pyramid-shaped structure with a temple at the top.
Government where the priest rules in the name of God or a god/gods
A system of writing developed by the Sumerians that used wedge-shaped marks made in soft clay.
Founder of Third Dynasty of Ur. Made the first written law code.
Sargon the Great
The first ruler of the Akkadian Empire
City located on the Euphrates which is the origin of the Akkadian culture and language
A babylonian king who conquered cities controlled by the Amorites to the north and south. Created the Babylonian Empire and made Hammurabi's Code.
Originated in the steppes north of the Black and Caspian Seas.
Indo-Europeans who had est. empire in Asia Minor.
Lasted about 300 years and created the library of cuneiform
Capital of the neo-assyrian empire in northern mesopotamia
King of assyria, stabilized the government
Created the hanging gardens of Babylon and were the first astronomers.
Creator of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, and the destruction of Jerusalem's temples
People during the age of Darius I
Time of the ruling of Cyrus and Darius I
Cyrus the Great
Founder of the Achaemenid Empire
Rose to power after fall of Cyrus
A sloped tunnel that leads water to a village
Government whereby important decisions are made by government officials, not elected representatives
Masters of sea and trade
Followers of god who went to find the promise land
first 5 books of laws, protected powerless
Sacred name of God for the Israelites
Father of the hebrews, creator of the old covenant
the basis of Christianity, Judaism, and Islam
Means wanderers or travelers, also possible root of Hebrew
a large city in Phoenicia.
Son of Abraham and divided hebrews into 12 tribes
When god makes his promise to Abraham.
A leader of the Israelites, freed the Israelites from enslavement by the Egyptians
when god talks to Moses and gives him the 10 commandments for the israelites.
A portable worship space used by the Israelites
A male in charge of a family or tribe
A set of 10 laws handed down to Moses by God on Mount Sinai
First king of Israel (1020-1000 BCE), inaugurated to satisfy the demand for a king
Second king of Israel (1000-961 BCE). Captured Jerusalem and extended the kingdom to great sizes.
Third king of Israel (961-922 BCE). Raised taxes higher than before; autocratic rule.
A city of Jews and also a Jewish tribe
Judah was captured, all the temples were destroyed, and the Jews were captured
The dispersion of Jews outside of Israel
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