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Rocks & Minerals - Types of Rocks and The Rock Cycle
Terms in this set (20)
one of the common mineral that make up most of the rocks of Earth's crust.
a usually light-colored rock with a high silica content that is found in Earth's crust.
a dark, dense, igneous rock with a fine texture found in oceanic rust.
the particles that make up minerals or other rocks that can be used to identify them. (grain size, grain shape, grain pattern.
the look and feel of the rock's surface.
rocks that form the cooling of magma or lava.
rocks that form in layers when particles, sediments, and the remains of plants and animals are pressed and cemented together.
rocks that form when an existing rock is changed by heat, pressure, or chemical reaction.
igneous rocks that from ABOVE earth's surface.
igneous rocks that form BELOW earth's surface.
small, solid pieces of material that come from rock or living things.
the loosening or carrying away of rock fragments by water, wind, and ice.
the process by which sediments settle after being carried by water or wind.
the process of sediments being packed together.
the process when dissolved minerals crystallize and glue particles of sediment together.
sedimentary rock that forms from rock fragments that are squeezed together.
sedimentary rock that forms from the remains of plants and animals being deposited together in thick layers.
when rocks form from a solution crystallizing.
the parallel layers or bands in metamorphic rocks.
the rock cycle
a series of processes on Earth's surface and in the crust and mantle that slowly changes rocks from one kind to another.
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