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50 terms

exam 1

STUDY
PLAY
twin studies suggest genes account for about _____% of peoples variation in personality
50
the inverted-U hypothesis was proposed to explain the relationship btwn _____and _______
level of arousal, task performance
a correlation coefficient of -.8 indicates a
strong, inverse correlation
any overt response or activity by an organism
behavior
NOT in text as disruptive effect of severe stress on cognitive functioning
dazed confused state, inability to deal with interpersonal issues
David Buss argued that the "BIG FIVE" personality traits exist across a variety of cultures because these traits
have had significant adaptive implications
an experiment is a research method in which investigator manipulates the ____ variable and observes whether any changes occur in a ____ variable as a result
independent, dependent
which is example of coping strategy known as behavioral disengagement
dropping a class bc it is evident that one needs to take one of the recommended prerequisites, using drugs following a significant loss
according to Ellis, which of the folllowing would be an example to irrational thinking
I must be admired and liked by everyone who meets me
the 3rd variable problem is associated with
correlational method
which of the following is best definition of psychology
study of behavior and profession that applies knowledge from these studies to solving practical problems
Which idea is not central to the concept of personality
traits that are shared with others
________ refers to the idea that technological advances have not led to perceptible improvement in our collective health and happiness
the PARADOX of PROGRESS
according to FREUD, the _____ contains thoughts and feelings that are just below the surface of awareness
preconsciousness
an originally neurtral stimulus that acquires the capacity to elicit a conditioned response is called
a conditioned stimulus
which appears to be a key factor in predicting who is most likely to develop PTSD following a traumatic event
the intensity of the individuals reaction at the time of the traumatic event
attempting to weaken a response by presenting a noxious or aversive stimulus after that response is called
punishment
research results suggest that which of the following is not very important in determining ones happiness
none of these is very important (parenthood, gender, age)
which individual based his theory on the importance of self concept
carl ROGERS
which of the following does not represent an empirical technique
speculating about the factors that are related to human happiness
the emerging consensus among contemporary researchers is that stress is
a special stimulus-response transaction in which one feels threatened
critics have described the psychodynamic perspective as
biased against females and empirically untestable, biased against females empirically untestable and overemphasizing unconscious desires
a recent study of the repercussions of psychological inhibition in gay men who conceal their sexual identity suggests that this inhibition is detrimental to ones
health
primary appraisal is an initial evaluation of whether an event is
relevant and stressful
crowding and noise have been identified as sources of _____ that have been found to be modestly correlated with depression and hostility
ambient stress
suppose a researcher wants to know whether a high protein diet causes children to learn better in school. half of the children in the study eat a high protein diet while the other half eats their normal diet. the control group consists of
children who eat their normal diet
which of the following is not a category of negative self talk described by BECK
unfairly blaming ones parents for personal trouble
humanistic psychologists major charge against the behaviorist and psychodynamic theories was that those models were
dehumanizing
you are a talented artist and you are good at mathematics, you enjoy both and dont know which to major in at college. which types of conflict applies to your situation
approach-approach
sues friends say that she is sympathetic, trusting, cooperative and straightforward. which of the following BIG FIVE traits would best describe her
agreeableness
which of the following is least likely to have a negative impact on the immune system
spending the weekend with hostile family members
which of the following is not one of the underlying assumptions of this textbook
you can change your behavior if you know the right techniques, critical thinking involves a skeptical attitude
according to Leiter and Maslach what causes burnout
ongoing job stressors
social psychologist Stanly SCHACHTER hypothesized that increases in anxiety would cause increases in desire to be with others. In this study, the independent variable was
level of anxiety
dealing with a rude store clerk and waiting for the results of an exam are two examples of
acute stressors
evidence indicates that meditation can lead to
a beneficial physiological state
which of the following statements about the use of coping strategies is not true
the right coping strategy guarantees a successful outcome
psychosomatic diseases are
genuine physical ailments caused partly by psychological factors
______ occurs when people shift their own mental scale and change the baseline for comparisons of their own circumstances with those of other people
HEDONIC adaption
which of the following is the most accurate reflection of the research findings regarding catharsis
behaving in an aggressive manner tends to fuel more anger and aggression
the FIGHT OR FLIGHT response occurs in the
sympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system
whether someone develops learned helplessness under conditions of unavoidable aversive events is most likely to depend on
ones beliefs about their control over events
the four major types of stress described in your text book are
frustration, conflict, pressure and change
which of the following has not been proposed as an explanation for how humor helps to reduce the effects of stress and promote wellness
humor facilitates the release of stress-relieving neurotransmitters
according to JUNG, the collective unconsciousness is a storehouse of latent memory traces inherited from peoples ancestral past , which is
shared with the entire human race
research suggests that forgiving is an effective _______ - focused coping strategy
emotion
the strengthening of a response leading to the removal of an unpleasant stimulus is
negative reinforcement
jim, who was working on quitting smoking noticed that he smoked a cig immediately following every meal, including snacks. Thus, Jim identified a ______ to his smoking behavior
antecedent
which of the following is not an essential component of emotional intelligence
separating emotion from thought
which of the following is the correct order of Freuds psychosexual stages
oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital