American Government Unit 4 (Ch. 13-14)
Terms in this set (41)
Chief of State
ceremonial head of government
executive power- domestic and foreign affairs; most powerful office in the world
director of the federal government; over 2.7 million civilians; 3 trillion budget
main architect of American foreign policy
principal author of public policies; sets the congressional agenda
Commander In Chief
the role of the president as supreme commander of the military forces of the United States and of the state National Guard units when they are called into federal service
Chief of Party
Leader of the political party; main source of power and influence depends on how well you play this role.
"representative of all the people"; champion of people's cause vs private interests.
Presidential Succession (Act of 1947)
Speaker of the House and then pro temporary of the senate; secretary of state followed by the other 14 heads of the cabinet departments in order of the office created by congress; if president dies or incapacitated VP is President; 25th Amendment
Balance the Ticket
when a presidential candidate chooses a running mate who can strengthen his chance of being elected.
a person elected by the voters to represent them in making a formal selection of the Vice President and President.
The decision of a particular state elector that represents the dominant views of that elector's state.
process by which the candidate get elected;
A certain number of electors from each state proportional to and seemingly representative of that state's population. each elector chooses a candidate believing they are representing their constituency's choice. The candidate who receives a higher proportion of electoral votes within a state receives all the electoral votes for that state.
A statewide primary election of delegates to a political party's national convention, held to determine a party's presidential nominee.
the candidate who won the preference vote automatically won the support of all delegates chosen at the primary.
An election system in which each party running receives the proportion of legislative seats corresponding to its proportion of the vote.
A meeting of local party members to choose party officials or candidates for public office and to decide the platform.
A national meeting of delegates elected in primaries, caucuses, or state conventions who assemble once every four years to nominate candidates for president and vice president, ratify the party platform, elect officers, and adopt rules.
a series of statements expressing the party's principles, beliefs, and positions on election issues.
speech given at a party convention to set the tone for the convention and the campaign to come.
Those voters who have not yet decided which candidate they will support at the start of the campaign and who are open to persuasion by either side.
States in which the outcome of an election is too close to call and either candidate could win.
2 electors vote based on popular vote and the other electors are elected separately in each congressional district and their vote would be cast in accordance with the popular vote in their district.
each candidate would receive a share of each state's electoral votes based on his/her share of that state's popular vote.
Direct Popular Election
abolish the Electoral College
National Popular Vote Plan
popular election of the President (this doesn't change the Constitution)
Article II of the Constitution. Establishes the presidency and gives the executive power of the Federal Government to the President.
Term used to describe a president as an "emperor" who acts without consulting Congress or acts in secrecy to evade or deceive congress.
A rule issued by the president that has the force of law.
power of the president to issue executive orders; originates from the constitution and acts of congress.
An implied presidential power that allows the president to refuse to disclose information regarding confidential conversations or national security to Congress or the judiciary.
empowers the President of the United States to propose and chiefly negotiate agreements, which must be confirmed by the Senate, between the United States and other countries.
pact between the President and Head of a foreign state, or their subordinates.
The President acknowledges the legal existence of that country and its government.
Persona Non Grata
an unwelcomed person
A veto taking place when Congress adjourns within 10 days of submitting a bill to the president, who simply lets it die by neither signing nor vetoing it.
signs it, but takes out certain parts.
postponement of the execution of a sentence.
legal forgiveness of a crime.
mercy or leniency.
blanket pardon to a group of law violators.