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Terms in this set (25)
change; introduction of something new that a culture accepts
an independent geopolitical unit of people having a common culture and identity
government in which a king or queen is the official head of state, but elected officials run the government
a barrier constructed to contain the flow of water or to keep out the sea
low-lying area from which seawater has been drained to create new farmland
north atlantic drift
warm ocean current that helps keep northwestern Europe's climate mild
A series of holy wars from 1096-1270 AD undertaken by European Christians to free the Holy Land from Muslim rule.
The great period of rebirth in art, literature, and learning in the 14th-16th centuries, which marked the transition into the modern periods of European history
Also called the Black Death was a deadly disease that spread through Europe and killed one out of every three people
the Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler
prejudice against Jews
the basic monetary unit of most members of the European Union (introduced in 1999)
A place where various cultures cross paths
an international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members
North Atlantic Treaty Organization; an alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country; US, England, France, Canada, Western European countries
An energy source that comes from biomass (organic plant and animal wastes) in a liquid or gaseous form.
Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
a government leader who has almost total power over the entire country
to settle an area and take over or create a government
(1884-1885) During European Imperialism, various European leaders met in Berlin, Germany to discuss plans for dividing Africa peacefully. These leaders had little regard for African independence, and had no representation for native Africans. This began the process of imperializing Africa.
A language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native languages.
A state or territory that is small in both size and population.
reunification of Germany
east and west germany reunite and unify to form one independent state of germany
the change from an agricultural to an industrial society and from home manufacturing to factory production, especially the one that took place in England from about 1750 to about 1850.
wind-blown silt and clay sediment that produces very fertile soil
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