Unit 1 Study Guide
Terms in this set (50)
Midnight Judges -
federalist judges appointed by Adams after the Judiciary Act of 1801 on the last night of his presidency.
Executive branch -
The branch of government that administers and enforces the law
Legislative branch -
The branch of government that makes laws
The branch of government that interprets the law and the Constitution
Judicial review -
The Supreme Court's power to declare an act of Congress unconstitutional
Marbury vs. Madison -
A court case where one of the midnight judges who had never received his official papers went to court. The court deemed The judiciary act of 1789 unconstitutional because the constitution did not say the supreme court had that power. This was significant for affirming the principle of judicial review.
Louisiana Purchase -
The large land purchase under Thomas Jefferson for $15 million from Napoleon Bonaparte and the French in 1804.
Corps of Discovery -
The name given to the group that explored the Louisiana Purchase.
Meriwether Lewis -
The leader of the Corps of Discovery that explored the Louisiana Purchase.
William Clark -
The second in command behind Lewis in the Corps of Discovery.
Aaron Burr -
Thomas Jefferson's running mate in the election of 1800...he ended up dueling with Alexander Hamilton over him losing the election and killed Hamilton.
Thomas Jefferson -
3rd President of the US -- He led the Democratic-Republican Party -- He was responsible for the Louisiana Purchase.
John Marshall -
The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court who was appointed by John Adams. He was a Federalist & made many decisions as a judge that strengthened the power of the government and supreme court.
The guide and interpreter for the Corps of Discovery.
Federalist Party -
A political party that thought the best form of government was to have a STRONG central government.
Democratic- Republican Party -
The political party, led by Jefferson, that thought the best form of government involved a weak central government.
The use of ships or troops to prevent movement into and out of a port or region.
The forcible taking of men for military service.
A government ban on trade with other nations.
A truce or agreement to end fighting.
War of 1812 -
A military conflict fought between the United States of America vs. United Kingdom, its North American colonies, and its Native American allies.
Treaty of Ghent -
This was the peace treaty that ended the War of 1812. It ushered in the "Era of Good Feelings"
Battle of Tippecanoe -
A battle between American forces led by Governor William Henry Harrison of the Indiana Territory and Native American warriors associated with the Shawnee leader Tecumseh. Harrison crushes the Natives.
Battle of New Orleans -
This was the final major battle of the War of 1812, and the most one-sided battle of that war. Andrew Jackson defeated the British easily in the battle.
William Henry Harrison -
Governor of the Indiana Territory, led troops to victory at the Battle of Tippecanoe.
Andrew Jackson -
A Colonel in the US Army, he led troops to victory at the Battle of New Orleans, nickname is "Old Hickory"
Chief of the Shawnee tribe, dislike whites and white civilization, wanted to form a union of Native American tribes to fight whites
James Madison -
The president of the US during the War of 1812, he was the 4th president right after Thomas Jefferson, his wife Dolly saved the portrait of George Washington as the White House burned.
interchangeable parts -
Standardized parts that can be used in place of one another.
mass production -
Production of goods in large quantities, made possible by the use of machinery and division of labor
Cities/towns rather than the countryside.
Countryside rather than towns.
A population shift from rural to urban areas.
cotton gin -
Short for "cotton ENGINE" Invented by Eli Whitney to clean cotton.
Erie Canal -
363 mile long waterway connecting the Hudson River with Lake Erie, built between 1817 and 1825
An economic system built on manufacturing/production industries.
a TAX on goods
Industrial Revolution -
The change in social and economic organization that resulted from the replacement of hand tools with MACHINES
American system -
Pres. Madison's plan of improvements to unite the nation's ECONOMIC INTERESTS by:
*Improve transportation systems
*Est. a protective tariff
*Resurrecting the National Bank
Manifest Destiny -
The belief that the expansion of the US from sea to shining sea was both justified and inevitable.
"Era of Good Feelings" -
A period in the political history of the United States that reflected a sense of national purpose and a desire for unity.
Eli Whitney -
Inventor of the Cotton Gin and he came up with the idea of interchangeable parts.
A patriotic feeling, a feeling of superiority over other countries.
Gibbons vs. Ogden (ruling impact) -
the federal government has power to regulate EVERYTHING that CROSSES STATE LINES
McCulloch vs. Maryland (ruling impact) -
a case where a state TAXED the local branch Bank of the United States. The ruling showed that the Supreme Court could decide on the constitutionality of things
Adams-Onis Treaty -
The treaty where SPAIN gave up claims to FLORIDA
Monroe Doctrine -
A policy/PRINCIPLE of US's opposition to any European interference in the affairs of the Western Hemisphere.
Missouri Compromise -
Missouri admitted as SLAVE STATE--Maine admitted as FREE STATE & all lands ABOVE 36-30 PARALLEL would be "free soil".
James Monroe -
5th president of the US, he was the last of his kind because he was the last Founding Father era president
John Quincy Adams -
6th president of the US, he was a brilliant diplomat and statesman who negotiated many favorable treaties for the US.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
US History Chapter 6
US History Chapter 6
early republic vocab
US History Chapter 6 Study Guide