69 terms

above

in or to a place that is higher

century

a period of 100 years

circle graph

A graph of data where the entire circle represents the whole or 100%

column

a vertical arrangement of objects or numbers in an array or a table. A vertical section of cells in a spreadsheet

combinations

Counting the number of ways something can happen

common multiple

a multiple that is shared by two or more numbers

commutative

the order in which 2 numbers are added does not change the sum, a+b=b+a

compare

note similarities and differences between two or more things

congruent angle

Angles with the same measure

cord or chord

straight line connecting two points on a curve.

date

the particular day, month, or year

decimal

a number written in standard base-ten notation containing a decimal point, such 2.54.

decimal form

a number that uses a decimal point followed by digits showing values less than one

decimal point

The symbol used to separate the whole number part from the fractional part of a number. (separates the ones and tenths place), A dot used to separate dollars from cents or ones from tenths in a number

diameter

the length of a straight line passing through the center of a circle and connecting two points on the circumference

dice

small cubes with 1 to 6 spots on the faces

dilation

To resize something. A similarity transformation in which a figure is enlarged or reduced using a scale factor 0,without altering the center

evaluate

To calculat the value of.

factor tree

A diagram showing the prime factorization of a number. The factors branch out from the previous factors until all of the factors are prime numbers.

fitted line

a line used in a graph with a number of points that don't line up, but go in basically the same direction

formula

a standard procedure for solving mathematical problems. A general rule for finding the value of something.

function

an input-output relationship that has exactly one output for each input.

geometric solid

A three-dimensional geometric figure, such as a prism, pyramid, cylinder, cone ,or sphere.

heads

probability math term

hectometer

a metric unit of length equal to 100 meters

hundred thousands

a place value in the thousands period, the place value of the missing digit _65, 498

increase

the process of becoming larger or longer.

integer

any of the natural numbers (positive or negative) or zero. A number with no fractional part.

Least Common Denominator

The smallest number that can be used for all denominators of 2 or more fractions. Example: the Least Common Denominator of 1/2 and 2/3, is 6 because they can be written as 3/6 and 4/6.

likelihood

the probability of a specified outcome

line of best fit

a line on a graph showing the general direction that a group of points seem to be heading.

line plot

shows data on a number line with X or other marks to show frequency.

lowest terms

a fraction that cannot be renamed in simpler form.

mean

In a data set, the sum of all the data points, divided by the number of data points; average

micrometer

millionth of a meter; instrument for measuring small lengths

mileage table

A table that gives the number of miles between the listed cities.

month

a time unit of 30 days, one of the twelve divisions of the calendar year

odd

a whole number that is not divisible by 2

parallel lines

Lines in a plane that never meet. Two parallel lines are always the same distance apart.

perpendicular lines

two lines that intersect to form right angles

place value

the position of a digit in a number that is used to determine the value of the digit, sduch as ones, tens, hundreds, etc.

plus

another word for add

property

a character or attribute that shmething has. Such as color, height, weight, etc.

protractor

an instrument for drawing/measuring angles

prove

establish the validity of something, as by an example, explanation or experiment

Quintillion

the number that is represented as a one followed by 18 zeros

radius

the length of a line segment between the center and circumference of a circle or sphere

ratio

a pair of numbers that compares different types of units.

reduce

to make smaller

reflection

an image or shape as it would be seen in a mirror

remainder

The amount left over after division

Roman Numeral

How ancient Romans used to write numbers. I = 1, V = 5, X = 10, L = 50,C=100, D=500, and M=1000

simplify

reduce to lowest terms.

south

the cardinal compass point that is at 180 degrees

square centimeter

The area of a square with 1-centimeter sides

square feet

a unit measure for area. A square foot is the area of a square with 1 foot sides.

square mile

a measure of area that is one mile by one mile

straight angle

An angle that measures 180 degrees. a straight angle changes the direction to point the opposit way. It looks like a straight line.

systematic list

When a list is created by following an orderly process (ie. tree diagram)

tails

probability math term

three dimensional

Having the dimensions of height, width, and depth.

transformation

moving a shape so that it is in a different position, but still has the same size, area, angles and line lengths. Turn, flip or slide are the basic moves

translation

moving a shape, without rotating or flipping it. "sliding". The shape looks exactly the same, just in a different place.

triangular prism

a prism whose bases are triangles.

trillion

the number that is represented as a one followed by 12 zeros. means a million millions. 1,000,000 x 1,000,000.

union

a set containing all and only the members of two or more given sets

vertex

A point where two or more straight lines meet.

vertical angle

a pair of opposite congruent angles formed by intersecting lines.

west

the cardinal compass point that is a 270 degrees.