28 terms

Mrs. Collins - Short Story TEST

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Terms in this set (...)

Table of Contents
a general guide to what is in the book (found in the front of a text)
Index
a specific guide to terms, authors, etc. found in a book (found in the back of a book)
Glossary
a limited dictionary that defines words used in the text (found in the back of the book)
Footnote
a note that explains a term or provides extra information
Genre
a category, type, or classification of literature (ex. short story, poetry, drama, biography)
Novella
a very short novel (in between a short story and a novel in terms of length)
Fiction
the story is MADE UP (even though it may include real events, etc.)
Non-fiction
deals only with REAL people, events or ideas - Memoirs, biographies, letters, informational text, diaries, and journals are all considered non-fiction.
First person narrator
a character in the story tells the story (pronoun "I" is used)
Third person narrator
someone outside the story tells the story (The man ran quickly as he saw...)
Idiom
an expression that does not translate literally (ex. He's a backstabber, think outside the box it's raining cats and dogs, back to square one, she's a penny-pincher, time flies, a pain in the neck)
Protagonist
the main character in a story
Antagonist
character or force that opposes the main character (***ANTI means AGAINST)
Theme
a central idea in a literary work (ex. being kind to others, loyalty, young love, overcoming obstacles)
Plot
the patterns of events in a story
Exposition
the introduction of a story - setting and characters are introduced
Rising Action
a problem occurs - a conflict develops - "the plot thickens"
Climax
the turning point in a story (key event occurs or decision is made that changes everything)
Falling Action
what results from the climax - the story winds down
Resolution
the author ties up all the loose ends - a lesson may be learned - a character may have changed
Irony
the opposite of what is expected occurs (ex. a police officer has to arrest his old friend who turns out to be a wanted criminal, a D student ends up being an award winning writer, a really shy child ends up having a fabulous career performing on Broadway, a boy who was cut from the Valleyview team ends up playing for the Mets)
Dialogue
the conversation in a story (punctuated with quotation marks)
Dialect
dialogue that realistically reflects a particular region or group (Think about the way Lemon Brown speaks - lots of slang used, endings left off of words)
Chronological order
events are presented in correct time sequence (The root CHRONO means TIME)
Flashback style
events are presented OUT OF ORDER
Foreshadowing
the author provides hints BEFORE something happens (ex. a death is about to occur - prior to this, the sky becomes dark.)
Setting
when and where the story takes place (ex. St. Clare's Hospital in Denville, NJ in 2001)
Symbol
a concrete item that REPRESENTS AN IDEA (ex. the color white may stand for purity, the American flag represents our values as a country, a wedding band stands for a commitment to the one you have married; it's not just a piece of jewelry!)
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