7th Grade Vocabulary (MP3)

STUDY
PLAY
Chromatics
Notes altered with sharps, flats, or naturals
Dotted quarter note
1 ½ beats of sound
Enharmonics
Two different note names which are both the same pitch
Hooked Bowing
Two or more notes played in the same direction with a stop between each note
Interval
The distance between two pitches
Minor Scale
Series of eight notes which follow a definite pattern of whole steps and half steps. There are three forms of the minor scale; natural minor W-H-W-W-H-W-W, harmonic minor, and melodic minor. All three forms can be easily distinguished from a major scale because the third note is always a half step lower than the major scale of the same letter name. For example, all 3 types of d minor scales begin D E F, where the D major scale begins D E F#
Octave
The interval from one note to the next note of the same name, up or down
Rallentando (rall.)
Gradually slower (same as ritardando)
Sight-reading
Playing a musical piece for the first time
Sixteenth Notes
"4 sixteenth notes = 1 beat, Each sixteenth note = ¼ beat"
Syncopation
Occurs when an accent or emphasis is given to a note that is not on a strong beat. This type of "off-beat" feel is common in many popular and classical styles
Triplets
Group of three notes. In 2/4, 3/4, or 4/4 time, an eighth note triplet is spread evenly across one beat