65 terms

Social Studies 8th Grade

The New Deal
FDRs policies which tried to end the depression
Dust Bowl
severe drought in parts of Oklahoma,Kansas,Colorado,New Mexico,and Texas in which the top soil dried out and was carried away by the wing causing blinding dust storms
Liberty Bonds
name given to war bonds which were sold to raise the money needed to help pay for WWI
Victory Gardens
name given to the gardens plantewd during both the first and second world wars in which Americans grew their own fruits and vegetables
Rosie the Riveter
name given to an independent looking womwn to convince women they could perform the jobs during war time that men had done before being called to serve in the military
American Imperialism
the period when America sought to control the political and economic fortunes of weaker nations such as Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines after the Spanish-American War
the policy of not taking sides in a conflict between nations
the policy of becoming involved in the affaires of other nations or of taking side in a dispute between nations
the policy of remaing isolated from the political affairs of other nations
having the amount of a product needed for war limited to the civilian population
Spoil System
begun by Andrew Jackson, it rewards political supports with jobs an favors
name given to the attempted extermination of the Jewish people by the Nazis during WWII
Marshall Plan
plan to provide Europe with $13 billion to rebuild their economies so they would not fall to communism
an economic system in which all property is owned by the community (government)
Manhattan Project
top secrete project to develop the atomic bomb
Civil Rghts Movement
a movement begun to achieve the rights due to all American citizens but denied to African Americans
Harriet Tubman
an escaped slave who risked her life over and over returning to the south to help guide other slaves to freedom along the Underground Railroad
Uncle Toms Cabin
a novel about the cruelties of slavery which convinced thousands of northerners of the immorality of slavery
a person that wants slavery ended
Populist Party
political party formed by farmers and labor unions in 1891 that called for an income tax,regulation of railroad rates, an eight hour workday,restrictions on immigration and help with falling farm prices
Fugitive Slave Act
part of the Compromise of 1850 that angered many northerners because the law required northerners to help slave catchers capture Afican Americans accused of being runaway slaves
Electoral College
a group of electors from every state who meet every four years to vote for the Presidenr and Vice-president of the US
Lyndon Johnson
became president when Kennedy was assassinated, instituted the Great Society programs and escalated the Vietnam War
Global Warming
slow and steady rise in the temperature of the earth
Air Pollution
the fouling or dirtying of the air
Acid Rain
the term acid rain is commonly used to mean the existence of acidic components in rain, snow, fog, dew, or dry particles
Articles of Confederation
the first constitution, or government, of the United States
the government of the Southern States in that seceded from the Union during the Civil War
Civil War
1861-1865 a war between the Northern and the Southern sections of the United State which occued when the south tried to leave the Union
Child Labor Concerns
concern over the number of children working long hours in dangerous conditions for little pay
Labor Unions
an organization of workers who have banded together to achieve common goals in key areas such as wages, hours, and working conditions
natural phsical featurs of earth's surface( hills, valleys, plateaus, mountains, plains)
Columbian Exchange
world-wide exchange of goods and ideas that began with Columbus's voyages to the Americas
all the external factors influencing the life and activities of people, plants, and animals
Virginia House of Burgesses
representative assembly in colonial Virgina
Bill of Rights
first ten Constitutional Amendments
Peter Stuyvesant
governor of the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam
Reasons English Settlers Came to America
God, Gold, and Glory
Causes and Effects of the French and Indian War
competition for land led to a conflict between England and france resulting in the end of the french power in North America
Albany Plan of Union
an attempt by Benjamin Franklin to create one general government for the thirteen colonies
changes of the Constitution which allow it to be a living, growing document
Industrial Revolution
process by which machines replace hand tools and steam and other sources of power replace human and animal power
Hariet Beecher Stowe
author of Uncle Toms Cabin
Southern Secission from the Union
because of lincolns firm stand against the expansion of slavery, his election in 1860, as president, caused Southern states to vote to leave the Union wich lincoln would not allow;the result was the Civil War
Dred Scott v. Sanford
Supreme Court decision that ruled the Missouri Compromise unconstitutional
Reconstruction Era
rebuilding of the south by the north from 1864-1877
Ku Klux Klan
terroist group that used violence and fear to keep freed blacks from voting in the south
Native Americans Reservations
land set aside by the federal government for Native Americans to live on and where they were forced to learn new ways
Dawes Act
1877 encourged Native Americans to become farmers and give up their culture and way of life
Homestead Act
1862, promised 160 acres of land to anyone who farmed it for five years ;it encourged settlement of the west
Ellis Island
inspection station for European immigrants
Upton Sinclair
muckraker who authored The Jungle about the abuses of the meat packing industry
How the Other Half Lives
book by Jacob Riis about the terrible conditions in the tenements
Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire
fire that broke out in a sweatshop in which nearly 150 young women lost their lives; led to building code reforms
John D. Rockefeller
multimillionaire who dominated the entire oil industry
Primary Source
a document written at the time an event occued such as a diary or journal
Standard Oil
many oil compaies combined into one giant corporation which dominated the entire oil industry; put together by John D.Rockefeller
to become part of
Harlem Renaiassance
revival of black culture in New York City during the 1920s
Roaring Twenties
name given to the decade of the 1920s due to the rapid expansion of the economy and dramatic changes in culture
19th Amendment
vote for women
name given to poorly constructed group of dwellings for homeless communities
Margin or Credit
buying stocks by placing as little as 10% down, helped cause the stock market crash in 1929
Law of Supply and Demand
states that the price of some good changes in relation to the supply of it and the demand for it, the greater the demand the greater the price
Social security Administration
is an independant agency of the United states federal government that administers social security, a social insurance program consisting of retirement, disab