23 terms

Creation of Israel

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Terms in this set (...)

Ottoman Empire
A Muslim empire based in Turkey that lasted from the 1300's to 1922.
Empire
All the land that a country controls
Sultan
Muslim ruler of the Ottoman Empire
Decline
to decrease
Central Powers
A military alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire.
Rival
competitor; enemy
Partition
To divide into parts
Persist
to continue
Colony
Land controlled by another country
Mandate
After World War I, a territory controlled by a European country
Palestine
A territory in the Middle East on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea. British mandate after World War I.
Zionism
A movement to create a Jewish homeland in Palestine
Theodor Herzl
The founder and leader of Zionism
Anti-Semitism
Hatred of Jews
Pogroms
organized violence against Jews in Russia in the 1880s
Immigrant
A person who comes into a country to live there.
Mesopotamia
the land between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers.
Persecution
mistreatment, punishment, or abuse of a group of people because of their race or beliefs
Holocaust
Hitler's program of killing Jews during WWII
Establish
to set up; create
Conflict
a struggle; competition; fight
Six Day War
1967 war between Israel and Egypt; Israel won and took more land from the Arabs.
Camp David Accords
A 1978 peace treaty between Israel and Egypt; Organized by U.S. President Jimmy Carter.

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