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45 terms

Govt Test 2 MC

STUDY
PLAY
The national government assumed its greatest power during
the great depression
the general term for money paid by one level of govt to another is
grant-in-aid
which of the following was a major principle decided by mcculloch vs maryland?
elastic clause
money awarded for broad general purpose is called a
block grant
the national govt controls its grants to states through detailed rules, regulations, and restrictions because
the national govt does not trust the states to use the money for the purpose for which it is given
the year 2000 budget reflects the fact that grants to states and local gov for _____ policy programs continue to be dominant
health
construction of the massive interstate highway system
gave the national govt leverage to regulate many behaviors indirectly related to highway travel
the framers of the constitution avoided making a specific list of all powers and limitations of state and national govt because
they believed they could not specify every power that might be needed to run the govt
the principle that states retain certain attributes of sovereignty, including immunity from lawsuits, was declared
by the supreme court in 1996
what type of grant would be best if the applicant is conducting medical research with an unknown outcome?
block
what type of grant would be best if the applicant is attempting to secure funding for highway funds to widen a particular roadway
categorical
when SCOTUS overruled the virginia court decision allowing execution of a mentally retarded convicted murderer, it strengthened ______ and would be like a _____
dual-federalism, restraint
what kind of grant-in-aid allows the recipient f the grant the least discretion in determining how to spend the money?
categorical
If SCOTUS had reached the opposite result in Printz vs US
the federal govt could have lawfully ordered local officials to conduct felony background checks for gun ownership
the general conclusion of SCOTUS vs Lopez was that
there are limits to the national govt ability to regulate behavior based on the commerce clause
SCOTUS interpretation of the commerce clause has historically
served to increase national power
the effect of national emergencies and judicial interpretation on federalism has been to
increase the power of the national govt
the legal basis for national govt action to regulate state voting laws resides in
the 15th amendment
the voting rights act of 1965 authorizes the appointment of national voting examiners to examine and register voters for all elections if denial of voting rights seems to be widespread. this clearly
intrudes upon political sovereignty of the states
President george bush issues an order to mobilize state national guard units to action in Iraq. This power is not written down specifically in the constitutions language detailing commander in chiefs responsibilities. What type of power is bush exercising?
implied power
in the american political context, a structure of cooperative federalism seems most conducive to policies advocated by
liberals
the 10th amendment gives what levels of govt additional written powers?
the states
in response to events of 9/11/01, congress and the president enacted the PATRIOT act using primarily what authority?
the elastic clause
someone who believes that the elastic clause of the constitution should be narrowly interpreted is most likely to endorse the concept of
dual federalism
the shift away from dual federalism and towards cooperative federalism was a response to problems associated with
the great depression
which metaphor best describes dual federalism?
layer cake
which metaphor best describes cooperative federalism?
marble cake
the constitutional provision that made cooperative federalism possible is
the elastic clause
a power not specifically mentioned in the constitution but necessary if another specific grant of power is to be carried out is called
implied power
a proponent of states rights would argue that
the national govts powers should be interpreted narrowly
dual federalism is the practice of
allowing states and federal govt to exercise power separately in areas of legitimate concern to them
federalism is able to unify diverse groups of people because
it does not require citizens to be ruled by majorities from different regions with different interests
the question of who holds the authority over state militias reflect
the difficulty of drawing the line between what is great and aggregate vs what is local and particular
a state's militia may take action upon
both federal and state
the concept of citizenship held by the framers of the constitution
both the us and its home states
a new iraqi system which gives govt representation to minority and majority interest equally while also establishing a central govt body with independent power is called
federalism
federalism is a combination of which two ideas?
unitary govt and a confederation
a president who wishes to influence a governor must do so through
negotiation and persuasion
the title given to the leader of the US senate is called
president of the senate
when the florida supreme court ordered recount of popular votes cast in certain counties and the SCOTUS would ruled that no recount is called
plural federalism
sovereignty
is a quality possessed by a govt is supreme authority over a certain area
in the 2000 pres election controversy the final decision regarding the legality of floridas voting rules was determined by
the supreme court
president clinton had no power to order FL gov jeb bush to recount the 2000 presidential election ballot because
governors have sovereignty in their own states
the 2000 presidential election illustrated
sovereignty of state govts to maintain and supervise their own precise rules governing the act of voting
without the decision Gibbons vs Ogden, SCOTUS would have
reached a similar result to that of today concerning states rights over national rights