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John Adams

Second President who lost to Thomas Jefferson in 1800

Thomas Jefferson

Won the presidential election of 1800 to become the third President of the US

Marbury v. Madison

Supreme Court case that set up judicial review

Judicial Review

Supreme Court's power to declare acts of Congress unconstitutional

Louisiana Purchase

the purchase of French land between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains

Louis and Clark Expedition

expedition began in 1804 to explore the Louisiana Purchase


Shoshone woman who accompanied and aided Lewis and Clark on their expedition

Zebulon Pike

Army officer sent to explore the West and attempted to climb Pike's Peak


the practice of forcing people to serve in the army or navy

Embargo Act

law that prohibited American merchants from trading with other countries

Non-Intercourse Act

law that replaced the Embargo Act and restored trade with all nations except Britain, France, and their colonies


Shawnee chief who tried to stop white settlement in the Northwest Territory

Battle of Tippecanoe

US victory over an Indian confederation that wanted to stop white settlement in the Northwest Territory

War Hawks

members of Congress who wanted to declare war on Britain after the Battle of Tippecanoe

James Madison

fourth president of the US; led the US through the War of 1812

Oliver Hazard Perry

American naval officer who defeated the British at the Battle of Lake Erie

Battle of Lake Erie

US victory in the War of 1812, led by Oliver Hazard Perry; broke British control of Lake Erie

Andrew Jackson

Led US troops to defeat the British at the Battle of New Orleans

Treaty of Fort Jackson

signed after the US victory at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend; the Creek gave up 23 million acres of their land

Battle of New Orleans

greatest US victory in the War of 1812; fought two weeks after the war was over

Hartford Convention

a meeting of Federalists to protest the War of 1812

Treaty of Ghent

peace agreement between the US and Britain, ending the War of 1812

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