APHG chapter 1 TEST Quarter Exam

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Terms in this set (...)

absolute location
a point on Earth's surface expressed as a coordinate (latitude/longitude)
cartography
the science of map making
contagious diffusion
rapid, widespread spreading of a characteristic throughout the population
cultural ecology
a geographic approach that emphasizes human to environment relationships
culture
body of customary beliefs, material traits, and social forms that together constitute the distinct tradition of a group of people `
cultural landscape
an approach to geography that emphasizes the relationships among social and physical phenomena in a particular study area.
density
frequency in with which something exists within a given unit of area
diffusion
the process of spread of a feature or trend from one place to another over time
distance- decay
the diminished importance and eventual disappearance of a phenomenon with increasing distance from its origin
distribution
arrangement of something across Earth's surface
expansion diffusion
spread of a feature or trend among people from one area to another in an additive process
formal region
an area in which everyone shares in common one or more distinctive characteristics
functional region
when a characteristic chosen dominates at a central focus or nodal point and diminishes in importance outward
GIS (geographic information science)
captures, stores, queries and displays the geographic data
GPS (global positioning system)
system that determines the precise position of something on Earth
gravity model
a model which holds that the potential use of a service at a particular location is directly related to the number of people in a location and inversely related to the distance people must travel to reach the service
hierarchal diffusion
the spread of a feature or trend from one key person of authority or power to other people of places
hearth
the region from which innovative ideas originate
latitude
horizontal grid lines, parallel to the equator
longitude
vertical grid lines showing east and west of the prime meridian
perceptual region
area that people believe exists as part of their cultural identity
three pillars of sustainability
what we have to do in order to ensure we keep our nonrenewable recources
possibilism
the physical environment may limit some human actions but people have the ability to adjust to their environment
projection
how the map is distorted when the cartographer goes to make the map from a sphere to a flat surface
relocation diffusion
the spread of a feature or trend through bodily movement of people from one place to another
remote sensing
the acquisition of data on about Earth's surface from a satellite orbiting the planet or from other long distance methods
renewable recource
something produced in nature more rapidly than it is consumed by humans
scale
relationship between earth as a whole and the portion being studied
site
physical characteristic of a place
situation
the location of a place relative to other places
space time compression
the reduction in the time it takes to diffuse something to a distant place as a result of improved communications and transportation systems
stimulus diffusion
the spread of an underlying principle even though a specific characteristic is rejected
toponym
the name given to a portion of Earth's surface
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