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English Test Unit 1
Terms in this set (52)
One of the elements used in a story. The place and the time of the action of story of where the story is happening. Authors sometimes literally tell you this, or they give details or a description implying this. This helps us understand the characters and the context of the story.
The entity that plays a role in a story .There are four types of characters in a story:
main/major & minor
static & dynamic
A protagonist who generates the action of a story and engages the reader's interest and empathy. They play an important role in a story. Usually a dynamic character.
Plays a smaller role in a story. They are generally flat, stereotypical and not of central importance to the plot.
A character that stays the same throughout a story
character changes (personality, maturity, opinions)
Sequence of events in a story. Includes:
A struggle between opposing forces; can be internal or external
Character vs. Self
Character vs. nature
Character vs. character
Character vs. physical object
Character vs. supernatural
Character vs. society
Whatever a speaker communicates to a listener
Person who is presenting an oral message to a listener
Means by which a message is communicated
Person who receives the speaker's message
-Anything that impedes the communication of a message (internal or external)
Distraction from computers
Sickness or not feeling well
Making eye contact, listening, taking notes, is a result of interference most of the time; messages (usually nonverbal)
Main Idea = Thesis: A one-sentence summary of the major events of a speech
specific cases used to illustrate or to represent a group
quotations or paraphrases used to support a point
a brief statement that indicates where a speaker is in the speech or that focuses attention on key points
how high/low your voice is
how fast/slow you speak
changes in volume, pitch, and rate
physical production of particular speech sounds
Shoulda - should have
Dunno - don't know
Don't use vocal fillers like "um" and "ah"
motions of a speaker's hands or arms during a speech
Setting in Bass, River, and Sheila Mant
Cottage in Vermont on the Connecticut River; Summer or late August, woods nearby, Dartmouth crew rowing team shows that we are nearby Dartmouth college in New Hampshire; Brillo was used and Ann Margaret was mentioned to show it took place in the 60s-70s
Characters in Bass, River, and Sheila Mant
Sheila Mant: Middle daughter, seventeen, observant, not approachable to narrator, pretty with "long red hair and well-spaced freckles", hates fishing, enjoys skiing;likes Eric Caswell; doesn't care for narrator and used him to take her to the club that Eric Caswell was going to be at; static character
Narrator: fourteen, adores sheila, likes fishing and is knowledgeable about it; dynamic character
Eric Caswell: static character that likes Sheila and is a member of rowing team
Tells us some basic information about character, setting, and sometimes conflict; normally positions the main character
A bunch of events that build suspense and introduce conflicts that leads to the climax
The turning point when the main character solves a problem, or it can be the point of greatest suspense
Tying up loose ends
The end of a story
Plot in The Princess and the Tin Box
Exposition: Author gives a background of the princess who was the most prettiest princess in the world. All of her toys were made out of gold, platinum, diamonds, or emeralds.
Rising Action: On the day the princess turned 18, the king announced to the 5 neighboring kingdoms that he would give his daughter's hand in marriage to the prince who brought her the gift she liked the most. The first prince brought a gold apple, the second prince brought a nightingale made out of diamonds, the third prince brought a great jewel box made out of platinum and sapphires, the fourth prince brought a heart of rubies, and the fifth prince brought a tin box. The princess showed much delight and interest in the fifth prince's gift.
Climax: The princess picked the jewel box as the gift she liked the most.
Falling Action: The princess said that the reason she picked it was because she would meet many admirers when she gets married who will bring her gems to put in her box to fill it to the top, making it the most valuable.
Resolution: The princess and the third prince get married and more than 100 thousand pearls were thrown at her and she loved it.
Conflict in The Most Dangerous Game
- Rainsford is hunted by Zaroff (character vs character)
-Rainsford has to fight off the personal and internal struggle inside of him, especially when he's out in the jungle and is on the other side of things for once, being hunted. He also has to face the fear of Zaroff and make quick decisions and a strategy. (Character vs Self)
-Rainsford argues with Zaroff about his desire to hunt bigger game, humans. Rainsford is very troubled by it, while Zaroff loves the idea of it. They argue about the meaning of humanity. (Character vs. Character)
Plot in The Most Dangerous Game
Exposition: Rainsford and Whitney are talking on the boat about hunting on the way to Rio de Janerio for a hunting trip.
Rising Action: Rainsford hears gunshots on the island. He goes up the boat railing and falls over. He swims onto the island and found General Zaroff and Ivan. Rainsford ate dinner with Zaroff and found out that he hunts people and has three days to find them and kill them. Rainsford is then released into the jungle to be hunted and comes up with a plan on the third day.
Climax: Zaroff comes with the dogs and Ivan and Rainsford jumps into the water, presumably ending the game; he then ends up in Zaroff's room
Falling Action: Zaroff finds Rainsford hiding in his room later that night and admits he won the game.
Resolution: Rainsford kills the general and wins the most dangerous game.
Character in The Most Dangerous Game
Rainsford: Arguably the world's best hunter. He competed against Zaroff in the most dangerous game and beat him. He was a dynamic character and main character because he was important in the story and at the end he had changed his view on hunting and learned a lesson.
Ivan: A minor character that was Zaroff's assistant. He was deaf and couldn't speak. He ended up dying.
Zaroff: A hunter that lived on an island in the Caribbean. He got bored of hunting animals so whenever a human came onto the island he forced them to participate in his game in which Zaroff hunts for the person and has two days.
Setting the Cask of Amontillado
Most of the story takes place in an underground catacomb; It was dusk during the carnival season, which was a fasting period before lent; Took place in Italy because of the wine they drank; Fortunato and Luchesi are Italian names
Plot in the Cask of Amontillado
Exposition: First interaction took place between Montresor and Fortunato and they chat about the Amontillado.
Rising Action: Montresor took Fortunato down into the catacombs and Fortunato was all for it and Montresor was trying to brainwash him to go back; they find niter and drink it and become drunk; Fortunato made a gesture that a mason would make and Montresor didn't understand so he had to prove that he was a mason. Masons were powerful people of a social organization.
Climax: Montresor puts Fortunato in the small recess and builds up a wall to keep him in
Falling Action: Fortunato will die at some point.
Resolution: Montresor goes back to everyday life and Fortunato stays hidden down in catacombs forever
Rainsford has changed his mind about hunting
I do think Rainsford is a dynamic character and has changed his mind about hunting. In the beginning of the story Rainsford and Whitney argue about hunting. Rainsford didn't care about killing animals, in this case, a jaguar, while Whitney does and tries to talk sense into Rainsford about the fear of pain and death. Rainsford is blind to her words. Then before you know it, Rainsford is in the most dangerous game, when he is being hunted by Zaroff. He felt the fear of being hunted along with the fear of pain and death. Rainsford felt what it was like to be hunted, to always be on guard and to constantly think of strategy to survive. This changed his heart and mind about hunting because he now has been in the prey's place. He then went to confront Zaroff and finished him because he realized that hunting was wrong and wanted to end Zaroff's games.
Character in the Cask of Amontillado
Fortunato: An Italian jester that was drunk that night after the carnival. He wanted Amontillado and persuaded Montresor to go down into the catacombs to go get it. He is a static character because he doesn't change and is drunk and oblivious the whole time while he is chained up in the catacombs while Montresor filled up the entrance to where Fortunato was, walling him in there forever.
Montresor: An Italian that has access to catacombs where there was wine. He took Fortunato down there to get the wine and asked him if he wanted to turn back but Fortunato refused. Finally Montresor put Forunato in a small recess and proved he was a mason by filling up the wall, walling Fortunato inside to die. He is sort of a dynamic character because he went from being a kind, patient man to someone who wants major revenge.
Plot in the Rights to the Streets of Memphis
Exposition: Richards father leaves the home and leaves his family with no food and his mother his forced to get a job
Rising Action: Richard's mother sends Richard out to buy groceries for the family and he ended up getting beat up by the boys in the streets and he got his money stolen.
Climax: Richard's mom gave Richard a stick to protect himself. He went back out to get groceries for the third time and this time fought back against the boys. He beat them until they got scared and ran back to their homes.
Falling Action: The parents of the boys threaten Richard to stay away from their boys; Richard then yells back telling them he won't bother the boys if they don't bother him.
Resolution: Richard learned to stand up for himself and earned the Rights to the Streets of Memphis and was able to go and buy the groceries.
Cause and Effect in the Rights to the Streets of Memphis
A structure of narrative that causes something else to happen.
-The narrator experienced a new hunger: Baffled him, scared him, and made him angry and insistent. He grew dizzy and his vision would dim. He became less active in play
-Father had not come home: Food couldn't be brought home because the father usually brought all of the food.
-Mother goes to work: Narrator and his brother had to stay home alone all day and the mother would be tired and dispirited
-The gang beat up the narrator twice :The mother gave the boy money, a stick, and the basket again and told him to not come back into the house until he had gotten the groceries.
-The narrator won the fight: He was able to go the store and get the groceries and come back home without a single boy in sight; he won the rights to the streets of Memphis.
Personification in the Rights to the Streets of Memphis
"Hunger stole upon me" pg 118
"Hunger stands and stares" pg 118
"Hunger nudging my ribs, twisting my empty guts..." pg 118
Used to represent the hunger the child experienced from his dad leaving and not having anything to eat.
a figure of speech in which a thing, an idea or an animal is given human attributes. The non-human objects are portrayed in such a way that we feel they have the ability to act like human beings.
Character in the Rights to the Streets of Memphis
Richard: Main character that is a dynamic character because he learns to protect and stand up for himself against the boys.
Mother: A minor character that is a static character because she keep sending Richard out because she knows he will learn a lesson.
Conflict in the Rights to the Streets of Memphis
- Richard experiences a new hunger because he doesn't have much food (character vs society) (character vs self)
-Richard has to stand up for himself and fight the gang of boys because they are beating him up and taking his money (character vs character) (character vs self)
Setting in Hamadi
Now is in America, specifically Texas; has many pecan trees.
Saleh Hamadi lives in an old Traveler's Hotel.
Bedraggled flower shops, old tavern with a hand lettered-tacked sign on the front.
Plot in Hamadi
Exposition: We learn about Susan's immigrant family and how they befriended Hamadi.
Rising Action: Susan starts to develop a strong interest in Hamadi and sees him as a replacement for her grandmother. She is interested in Hamadi's riddle-like way of seeing things. Susan, her parents, Tracy, Hamadi, and other people go caroling.
Climax: Tracy was in despair when she found out Eddie, a boy she liked, got together with another girl and cried about it while caroling.
Falling Action: Hamadi embraced her and uttered a riddle-like phrase.
Resolution: The phrase Hamadi spoke was one Susan would never forget and acted as an anthem for her for the rest of her life.
Character in Hamadi
Susan: A main character that plays an important role. She is a dynamic character because at the end of the book Hamadi said something that acted as an anthem for her and changed her outlook on life.
Dialogue in Hamadi
Reread lines 257-261. Why do you think Hamadi's words have such a profound effect on Susan? Citing evidence from the text, explain why you think she finds Hamadi's words so meaningful.
-I think that what Hamadi said was a life lesson and skill that we as imperfect human beings will all need to learn. Susan said on line 259 that she would remember what Hamadi said whenever she was sad herself, even after college, and there would always be the creaky anthem sneaking back into her ear. It acts as motivation in our lives when things aren't going right. What Hamadi said in lines 259-261 were powerful. Especially in line 260, when he says "We don't stop where it hurts. We turn a corner. It is the reason why we are living." This shows us that even when bad things happen, it is our nature and purpose to bounce back and be victorious over every downfall, no matter how terrible it is. This will stick with Susan forever almost like a life motto to live by.
Sensory Details/Imagery in Hamadi
This gives us the setting and feeling of the story. The author depicts a calm, Christmas night caroling and the feeling was peace, while Tracy as crying in sadness. Hamadi's reaction brought even more imagery of peace in the story and brought about a reaction in the reader as well.
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