103 terms

Chapter 10

Who would have been most enthusiastic about the value of a single intelligence test score as an index of an individual's mental capacities?
Spearman's g factor refers to
a general intelligence that underlies successful performance on a wide variety of tasks.
If you wanted to develop a test of musical aptitude in North American children, which would be the appropriate standardization group?
North American children
Twenty-five-year-old Alexandra is mentally handicapped and can neither read nor write. However, after hearing lengthy, unfamiliar, and complex musical selections just once, she can reproduce them precisely on the piano. It is likely that Alexandra is:
someone with savant syndrome.
Robert Sternberg distinguished among analytical, practical, and ________ intelligence.
Melvin has been diagnosed as having savant syndrome, which means that he:
is limited in mental ability but has one exceptional ability.
Which of the following persons best illustrates Sternberg's concept of practical intelligence?
Cindy, a young mother who prefers cleaning her house to supervising her children
When Professor McGuire asks her students to answer questions in class, she can quickly tell from their facial expressions whether they are happy to participate. Professor McGuire's perceptual skill best illustrates:
emotional intelligence.
Gerardeen has superb social skills, manages conflicts well, and has great empathy for her friends and co-workers. Peter Salovey and John Mayer would probably say that Gerardeen possesses a high degree of:
emotional intelligence.
Intrinsic motivation is thought to be an important component of:
Twelve-year-old Benjy has an IQ of 75 on the original version of the Stanford-Binet. His mental age is:
If asked to guess the intelligence score of a stranger, your best guess would be:
Object assembly, picture arrangement, and block design are three performance subtests of the:
Binet and Simon designed a test of intellectual abilities in order to:
identify children likely to have difficulty learning in regular school classes.
Benito was born in 1937. In 1947, he scored 130 on an intelligence test. What was Benito's mental age when he took the test?
Five-year-old Wilbur performs on an intelligence test at a level characteristic of an average 4-year-old. Wilbur's mental age is:
Psychologists use ______ to assess individuals' mental aptitudes and compare them with those of others.
intelligence tests
Current intelligence tests compute an individual's intelligence score as:
the amount by which the test-taker's performance deviates from the average performance of others the same age.
Tests of ________ measure what an individual can do now, whereas tests of ________ predict what an individual will be able to do later.
achievement; aptitude
Before becoming attorneys, law students must pass a special licensing exam, which is an ________ test. Before entering college, high school students must take the SAT, which is an ________ test.
achievement; aptitude
Most experts view intelligence as a person's:
ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and adapt to new situations.
Robert Sternberg distinguished among analytical, practical, and ________ intelligence.
The concept of a g factor implies that intelligence:
is a single overall ability.
The existence of ________ reinforces the generally accepted notion that intelligence is a multidimensional quality.
mental retardation
The characteristics of savant syndrome most directly suggest that intelligence is:
a diverse set of distinct abilities.
Managers who want to foster creativity in the workplace should try to increase the ________ of their employees.
intrinsic motivation
Which of the following best describes the relationship between creativity and intelligence?
A certain level of intelligence is necessary but not sufficient for creativity.
Generating multiple possible answers to a problem illustrates:
divergent thinking.
For the original version of the Stanford-Binet, IQ was defined as:
mental age divided by chronological age and multiplied by 100.
The test created by Alfred Binet was designed specifically to:
predict school performance in children.
If asked to guess the intelligence score of a stranger, your best guess would be:
An 8-year-old who responded to the original Stanford-Binet with the proficiency of an average 10-year-old was said to have an IQ of:
To assess mental age, Binet and Simon measured children's:
reasoning skills.
Aptitude tests are to ________ as achievement tests are to ________.
future performance; current competence
A test of your capacity to learn to be an automobile mechanic would be considered a(n) ________ test.
Don's intelligence scores were only average, but he has been enormously successful as a corporate manager. Psychologists Sternberg and Wagner would probably suggest that:
Don's practical intelligence exceeds his academic intelligence.
Factor analysis is a statistical procedure that can be used to:
identify clusters of closely related test items.
The correlation between intelligence test scores and creativity test scores is:
positive among those whose intelligence score is less than 120.
The most creative scientists are those who:
approach problems they find intrinsically interesting and satisfying to study.
A 12-year-old who responded to the original Stanford-Binet with the proficiency typical of an average 9-year-old was said to have an IQ of:
The WAIS consists of separate ________ subtests.
verbal and performance
In order to determine whether a child's intellectual development was fast or slow, Binet and Simon assessed the child's:
mental age.
The written exam for a driver's license would most likely be considered a(n) ________ test.
Before becoming attorneys, law students must pass a special licensing exam, which is an ________ test. Before entering college, high school students must take the SAT, which is an ________ test.
achievement; aptitude
Injury to the left ________ lobe damages the convergent thinking required for successful performance on intelligence tests.
The concept of emotional intelligence is most likely to be criticized for:
extending the definition of intelligence to an overly broad range of skills.
The first modern test of intelligence was developed in:
Originally, IQ was defined as:
mental age divided by chronological age and multiplied by 100.
Although diagnosed with autism and hardly able to speak coherently, 18-year-old Andrew can produce intricate and detailed drawings of scenes he has viewed only once. Andrew illustrates a condition known as:
savant syndrome.
Although Nicole scored well above average on an academic aptitude test, she frequently loses her temper and needlessly antagonizes even her best friends. Her behavior best illustrates a low level of:
emotional intelligence
A 6-year-old child has a mental age of 9. The child's IQ is:
Twelve-year-old Benjy has an IQ of 75 on the original version of the Stanford-Binet. His mental age is:
Achievement tests are designed to:
assess learned knowledge or skills.
Experts would most likely agree that intelligence is a(n):
mental ability to learn from experience.
Those who define intelligence as academic aptitude are most likely to criticize:
Gardner's concept of multiple intelligences.
Vanessa is a very creative sculptress. We would expect that Vanessa also:
has a venturesome personality and is intrinsically motivated.
The formula for the intelligence quotient was devised by:
The existence of ________ reinforces the generally accepted notion that intelligence is a multidimensional quality.
savant syndrome
Tests designed to predict ability to learn new skills are called:
aptitude tests.
Which of the following is not a requirement of a good test?
The distribution of intelligence test scores in the general population forms a bell-shaped pattern. This pattern is called a:
normal curve.
The normal curve would represent the distribution of:
When Brandon was told that he correctly answered 80 percent of the items on a mathematical achievement test, he asked how his performance compared with that of the average test taker. Brandon's concern was directly related to the issue of:
The bell-shaped distribution of intelligence scores in the general population is called a:
normal distribution.
Melinda completed the Computer Programming Aptitude Test when she applied for a position with Beta Electronics. Six months later, she took the same test when she applied for a position with another company. The fact that her scores were almost identical on the two occasions suggests that the test has a high degree of:
Mr. and Mrs. Linkletter are parents of a mentally retarded child. It is most likely that their child:
will have difficulty adapting to the normal demands of independent adult life
Comparing average Wechsler and Stanford-Binet test performance levels between 1918 and 1989 provides convincing evidence of:
the Flynn effect
Down syndrome is normally caused by:
an extra chromosome in the person's genetic makeup.
Terman's observations of 1500 California children with IQ scores over 135 contradicted the popular notion that intellectually gifted children are typically
socially maladjusted.
Research on racial and ethnic differences in intelligence indicates that:
the average mathematics achievement test scores of Asian children are higher than those of North American children.
Reported racial gaps in average intelligence scores are most likely attributable to:
environmental factors.
Girls are most likely to outperform boys in a(n):
spelling bee.
Intelligence tests have effectively reduced discrimination in the sense that they have:
helped limit reliance on educators' subjectively biased judgments of students' academic potential.
Jim, age 55, plays basketball with much younger adults and is concerned that his teammates might consider his age to be a detriment to their game outcome. His concern actually undermines his athletic performance. This best illustrates the impact of:
stereotype threat.
When completing a verbal aptitude test, members of an ethnic minority group are particularly likely to perform below their true ability levels if they believe that the test:
is biased against members of their own ethnic group.
Boys are most likely to outperform girls in a(n):
chess tournament.
Exposure to high levels of male sex hormones during prenatal development is most likely to facilitate the subsequent development of:
spatial abilities.
Standardization refers to the process of:
defining meaningful scores relative to a representative pretested group.
Before publishing her test of musical aptitude, Professor Reed first administered the test to a representative sample of people. This was most clearly necessary for test:
Researchers assess the correlation between scores obtained on two halves of a single test in order to measure the ________ of a test.
If a test yields consistent results every time it is used, it has a high degree of:
When retested on the WAIS, people's second scores generally match their first scores quite closely. This indicates that the test has a high degree of:
Over the past 50 years, children with mental retardation have increasing been likely to:
be mainstreamed into regular school classrooms.
(Close-Up) Twenty-two-year-old Dan has an intelligence score of 63 and the academic skills of a fourth-grader, and is unable to live independently. Dan probably:
is mentally retarded.
The Flynn effect refers to the fact that:
The IQ scores of today's better fed and educated population exceed those of the 1930s population.
On average, the intelligence test scores of the Dingbats are much higher than those of the Dodos. The difference in the average test scores of the two groups might be a product of:
any of the above.
Research on gender and emotional intelligence suggests that women are more skilled than men at:
interpreting others' facial expressions of emotion.
Stereotype threat is most likely to depress female students' performance on a difficult ________ test and to depress male students' performance on a difficult ________ test.
math problem solving; verbal fluency
Intelligence tests are biased in the sense that:
test performance is influenced by cultural experiences.
If a test is standardized, this means that:
a person's test performance can be compared with that of a representative pretested group.
A measure of intelligence based on head size is likely to have a ________ level of reliability and a ________ level of validity.
high; low
The normal curve would represent the distribution of:
American women in terms of their physical heights.
The percentage of people diagnosed with mental retardation has ________ over the past 80 years because intelligence tests have been ________.
increased; restandardized
Hiroko's math achievement score is considerably higher than that of most American students her age. Which of the following is true regarding this difference between Asian and North American students:
More than one alternative is correct.
Disproportionately more Whites than Blacks would be admitted into American colleges if performance scores on ________ were the only basis for college admissions.
any of the above
Males are most likely to outnumber females in a class designed for high school students gifted in:
math reasoning.
Sasha is mildly mentally retarded. She has achieved the equivalent of a fifth-grade education and will soon begin vocational training so that she can earn a living. Sasha's intelligence score is most likely between:
50 and 70.
Individuals with Down syndrome are:
born with an extra chromosome.
Which of the following statements is true?
All of the above are true.
Research on the effectiveness of Head Start suggests that enrichment programs:
improve school readiness and may provide a small boost to intelligence.
Experts who defend intelligence tests against the charge of being culturally biased and discriminatory would be most likely to highlight the ________ of intelligence tests.
predictive validity
A high school counselor gave Amy a test designed to predict whether she could learn to become a successful architect. Amy most likely took a(n) ________ test.
Jack takes the same test of mechanical reasoning on several different days and gets virtually identical scores. This suggests that the test has:
high reliability.