History 111 Ancient Greek

Terms in this set (31)

Greek for king. Expected to lead the defense of the community, to protect not just his land, animals, and wealth but also those of his people. He was also expected to lead them in campaigns outside the community. Basileus system generally phased out in favor of oligarchies, sometimes peacefully and other times by violence.
- Did not have absolute power like a wanax; instead they would need to persuade their followers
-eventually came to coincede with the greek word for "king"
-was a Mycenean term, a low level political official
-but in Homer's time became a title for king
-as population expands, there were more and more communities with Basileus who collided and conflicted with each other
-eventually one Basileus, the big Basileus, the big king rules over lesser basileus's (subordinates), Odysseus was a big basileus as are the other kings in the story
-having a Greek family is very important, you have to have a big family to protect your position (ex. Telemacus)
-have to have your own abilities, Basileus is not a permenant position, you lead as long as you have people to follow you
-wealth is very important
-Have to have lots of slaves and servants
-must be a wise leader (first in council)
-must be a religious leader, he is the one that sacrifices on behalf of the community to the gods
-he is the top judge
-must be a great warrior who leads literally from the front, he leads the charge in the battle
-he has power as long as his men follow him to battle
-in Homer direct correlation to military service and power
-ex. Odysseus have power because they possess intruments of fighting
-big basileus like Odysseus do not have absolute power, not like Eygptian pharaoh, they can't simply order people to do stuff, no such word
-he must persuade ppl to do want he wants
-thats why Odysseus soldiers have certain rights like freedom of speech etc
-Homer offers a preview of whats to come militarily and politically
;