Freshman Assessment Words

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Ratification
the action of signing or giving formal consent to a treaty, contract, or agreement, making it officially valid
catharsis
the process of releasing, and thereby providing relief from, strong or repressed emotions
Finishing School
a private school where girls are prepared for entry into fashionable society.
despondency
a state of low spirits caused by loss of hope or courage
ensuring
make certain that (something) shall occur or be the case
erroneous
wrong; incorrect
covert
not openly acknowledged or displayed
sovereign
(of a nation or its affairs) acting or done independently and without outside interference
dissension
disagreement that leads to conflict among the people involved
discord
conflict
Preamble
is a brief introductory statement of the Constitution's fundamental purposes and guiding principles.
posterity
all future generations of people
adversity
difficulties; misfortune
heroine
a woman admired or idealized for her courage, outstanding achievements, or noble qualities
non-commissioned
(of an officer in the armed forces) ranking below warrant officer, as sergeant or petty officer
pension
a regular payment made during a person's retirement from an investment fund to which that person or their employer has contributed during their working life
derived
obtain something from (a specified source):
odious
extremely unpleasant; repulsive
aristocracy
the highest class in certain societies, especially those holding hereditary titles
oligarchy
a small group of people having control of a country, organization, or institution
Saxon
a member of a Germanic people that inhabited parts of central and northern Germany from Roman times, many of whom conquered and settled in southern England in the 5th-6th centuries.
ordain
order or decree (something) officially
disenfranchise
deprive (someone) of a right or privilege such as voting
attainder
the forfeiture of land and civil rights suffered as a consequence of a sentence of death for treason or felo
Ex Post Facto
with retroactive effect or force
abrige
shorten (a book, movie, speech, or other text) without losing the sense, or limit something
immunity
protection or exemption from something, especially an obligation or penalty
Domestic Tranquility
keeping the peace within the nation. It means preventing domestic terrorism at the hands of citizens and outsiders and controlling rebellious behavior that threatens to undermine national security.
Informative Explanatory
A type of writing that conveys information accurately. The writer's purpose is to increase the reader's knowledge, to help the reader better understand a procedure or process, or to increase the reader's comprehension of a concept.
Expositiory
writing that seeks to explain, illuminate or 'expose' (which is where the word 'expository' comes from).
Gender Roles
pattern of behaviour, personality traits and attitudes defining masculinity or femininity in a certain culture
Thesis
a short statement, usually one sentence, that summarizes the main point or claim of an essay, research paper,
Claim
An opinion that must be backed up by evidence in order to convince another person
Point of View
is the perspective from which a speaker or writer recounts a narrative or presents information. Also known as viewpoint.
Formal Style
A style of writing that does not include casual language such as contractions, slang, etc. It is written in third person
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