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Terms in this set (43)
an injury in which superficial layers of skin are scraped or rubbed away through friction due to trauma, therapy, or normal function.
a localized collection of pus within a circumscribed (limited) area that is associated with tissue destruction. Also: A collection of fluid, called pus, located on or in the body resulting from an immune response to a foreign body or infective substance. It is characterized by swelling, heat, redness, and pain.
suctioning of fluid
a term to describe a tumor that is not cancerous; refers to tumors that are
slow growing and self-contained, and do not spread or infiltrate other tissues.
common term is a bruise; a blue to purple discoloration of the skin due to damage to the underlying blood vessels; skin discoloration caused by the escape
of blood into the tissues from ruptured blood vessels.
inflammation of the endocardium (inner lining of the heart), usually
involving the heart valves.
a: an increase in peripheral blood eosinophilic leukocytes to more than
600 cells per microliter (μ L) of blood
any redness of the skin such as a nervous blush, inflammation, or mild
sunburn. (also: erythematous)
injury to the surface of the skin caused by a scratch, abrasion, or burn,
usually accompanied by some oozing.
material coughed up or spit up from the throat or lungs; (v) to eject
from the throat or lungs by coughing or spitting.
any fluid that filters from the circulatory system into lesions or areas of
inflammation of a fascia (fascia: a structure of connective tissue that
surrounds muscles, groups of muscles, blood vessels, and nerves, binding some
structures together, while permitting others to slide smoothly over each other.)
tumor that arises from neuroglia
a general term used to describe small knot-like swellings of granulation
the simultaneous enlargement of both the liver
(hepatomegaly) and the spleen (splenomegaly)
enlargement of the liver
enlargement of the speen
a torn or jagged wound or an accidental cut.
common term is a sore; a pathogenic change of the tissues (skin and
mucosal membranes) due to disease or injury.
inflammation of the lymph nodes.
swollen lymph nodes; a chronic, abnormal enlargement of the
a surface lesion that consists of a discolored, flat spot that is less than 1 cm in diameter. E.g. freckles or flat moles
any new and abnormal growth; specifically a new growth of tissue in
which the growth is uncontrolled and progressive; also called tumor
inflammation of the kidney.
an abnormally low number of neutrophils
a higher-than-normal number of neutrophils in the blood
a small solid bump; a small knob of tissue
an inflammation of the bone and bone marrow.
a benign epithelial tumor that projects from the surrounding surface
a surface lesion that consists of a small, solid, raised skin lesion that is less
than 0.5 cm in diameter. E.g. warts, insect bites, and skin tags
an abnormal sensation of pricking, tingling, or creeping on the skin
having no objective cause and usually associated with injury or irritation of a sensory
nerve or nerve root.
is a surface lesion that consists of a solid raised area of skin that is different
from the area around it and greater than 0.5 cm in diameter. E.g. the lesions of
skin condition covering a wide area with patches of purplish discoloration
due to extensive hemorrhaging of capillaries
a small, circumscribed elevation of the skin containing pus; e.g. pus
an open sore or erosion of the skin or mucous membrane resulting in tissue
loss and usually with inflammation.
hives; a vascular reaction in the upper dermis that usually does not last
long, consisting of localized edema with wheals; usually accompanied by pruritus
and often caused by an allergy
a circumscribed elevation of skin containing fluid that is less than 0.5 cm in
diameter. E.g. small blister.
inflammation of the renal pelvis.
red blood cells are destroyed faster than the bone marrow can
also known as jaundice; excessive bilirubin in the blood causing yellowing of
the skin and the whites of eye
a permanent dilation of the small blood vessels
: small pinpoint hemorrhages that are smaller versions of ecchymoses
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