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Psychology Myers 9th edition Chapter 11, Motivation & work


a completely involved, focused state of consciousness, with diminished awareness of self and time, resulting from optimal engagement of one's skills

Sexual disorder

a problem that consistently impairs sexual arousal or functioning


Helping others to self actualize

Organizational psychology

Psychology that examines organizational influences on worker satisfaction and productivity and facilitates organizational change


Anything that is perceived as having positive or negative value in motivating behavior


Positive and negative environmental stimuli that motivate behavior are called


a complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a species and is unlearned

Set Point

the point at which an individual's "weight thermostat" is supposedly set. When the body falls below this weight, an increase in hunger and a lowered metabolic rate may act to restore the lost weight.


a positive or negative environmental stimulus that motivates behavior

Drive-Reduction Theory

the idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension state that motivates an organism to satisfy the need

Sexual response cycle

the four stages of sexual responding described by Matsters and Johnson-excitement, plateau, orgasm, and resolution.

Optimal Arousal

Who is and isn't easily aroused; ex: I love scary movies

Incentive Theory

We are attracted toward goals that are pleasant and please us, and driven away from goals that make us uncomfortable


a physical need that usually triggers motivational arousal, goal of drive reduction

Challengeskill Balance

situational demands match skill level, we like to be challenged

Basal metabolic rate

the body's resting rate of energy expenditure

Refractory period

a resting period after orgasm, during which a man cannot achieve another orgasm

Structured interviews

interview process that asks the same job-relevant questions of all applicants, each of whom is rated on established scales

4 Prevalent Needs

achievement, affiliation, autonomy, and dominance.

Set Point Theory

Our own internal thermostat that determines body weight


The most important of the male sex hormones.

Action Awareness Merging

Becoming so engaged in activity, you spontaneously want it


sex hormones, such as estradiol, secreted in greater amounts by females that by males

Hierarchy of needs

Maslow's pyramid of human needs, beginning at the base with physiological needs that must first be satisfied before higher-level safety needs and then psychological needs become active

Sexual orientation

an enduring sexual attraction toward members of either one's own sex or the other sex

Binge-eating disorder

significant binge-eating episodes, followed by distress, disgust, or guilt, but without the compensatory purging, fasting, or excessive exercise that marks bulimia nervosa.

Set Point

the specific body weight maintained automatically by most adults over long periods of time

Personnal psychology

a sud-field of I/O psychology that focuses on employee recruitment, selection, placement, training, appraisal, and developement.

Achievement motivation

a desire for significant accomplishment: for mastery of things, people, or ideas; for attaining a high standard

Task leadership

goal-oriented leadership that sets standards, organizes work, and focuses attention on goals.

Instinctive Behavior

Triggered by sexual incenetive


the form of sugar that circulates in the blood and provides the major source of energy for body tissues. When its level is low, we feel hunger.

Social leadership

group-oriented leadership that builds teamwork, mediates conflict, and offers support


a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior

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