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34 terms

Chapter 11, Motivation & work- nsa

Psychology Myers 9th edition Chapter 11, Motivation & work
STUDY
PLAY
Flow
a completely involved, focused state of consciousness, with diminished awareness of self and time, resulting from optimal engagement of one's skills
Sexual disorder
a problem that consistently impairs sexual arousal or functioning
Transcendence
Helping others to self actualize
Organizational psychology
Psychology that examines organizational influences on worker satisfaction and productivity and facilitates organizational change
Need
Anything that is perceived as having positive or negative value in motivating behavior
Drives
Positive and negative environmental stimuli that motivate behavior are called
Instinct
a complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a species and is unlearned
Set Point
the point at which an individual's "weight thermostat" is supposedly set. When the body falls below this weight, an increase in hunger and a lowered metabolic rate may act to restore the lost weight.
Incentives
a positive or negative environmental stimulus that motivates behavior
Drive-Reduction Theory
the idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension state that motivates an organism to satisfy the need
Sexual response cycle
the four stages of sexual responding described by Matsters and Johnson-excitement, plateau, orgasm, and resolution.
Optimal Arousal
Who is and isn't easily aroused; ex: I love scary movies
Incentive Theory
We are attracted toward goals that are pleasant and please us, and driven away from goals that make us uncomfortable
Homeostasis
a physical need that usually triggers motivational arousal, goal of drive reduction
Challengeskill Balance
situational demands match skill level, we like to be challenged
Basal metabolic rate
the body's resting rate of energy expenditure
Refractory period
a resting period after orgasm, during which a man cannot achieve another orgasm
Structured interviews
interview process that asks the same job-relevant questions of all applicants, each of whom is rated on established scales
4 Prevalent Needs
achievement, affiliation, autonomy, and dominance.
Set Point Theory
Our own internal thermostat that determines body weight
Testosterone
The most important of the male sex hormones.
Action Awareness Merging
Becoming so engaged in activity, you spontaneously want it
Estrogens
sex hormones, such as estradiol, secreted in greater amounts by females that by males
Hierarchy of needs
Maslow's pyramid of human needs, beginning at the base with physiological needs that must first be satisfied before higher-level safety needs and then psychological needs become active
Sexual orientation
an enduring sexual attraction toward members of either one's own sex or the other sex
Binge-eating disorder
significant binge-eating episodes, followed by distress, disgust, or guilt, but without the compensatory purging, fasting, or excessive exercise that marks bulimia nervosa.
Set Point
the specific body weight maintained automatically by most adults over long periods of time
Personnal psychology
a sud-field of I/O psychology that focuses on employee recruitment, selection, placement, training, appraisal, and developement.
Achievement motivation
a desire for significant accomplishment: for mastery of things, people, or ideas; for attaining a high standard
Task leadership
goal-oriented leadership that sets standards, organizes work, and focuses attention on goals.
Instinctive Behavior
Triggered by sexual incenetive
Glucose
the form of sugar that circulates in the blood and provides the major source of energy for body tissues. When its level is low, we feel hunger.
Social leadership
group-oriented leadership that builds teamwork, mediates conflict, and offers support
Motivation
a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior