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26 terms

American Government Quiz on Chapter 12

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Party caucus
Selects the party's leaders in each house of Congress
Discharge Petition
Can force a committee to bring a bill to the floor of the House of Senate.
Quorum
The minimum number of legislators needed to conduct official business.
Rider
A provision added to a popular bill because it is unlikely to succeed on its own.
Select Committee
A legislative committe created for a limited time and specific purpose.
Speaker of the House
Presiding officer of the House.
President of the Senate
Presiding officer of the Senate
President Pro Tempore
Second presiding officer of the Senate
Floor leaders
Legislativer strategists; they try to carry out the decisions of their parties; caucuses and steer floor action to their benefit.
Whips
Assisstant floor leaders
Committee Chairman
The members that head the standing committees in each chamber.
Seniority Rule
Unwritten; states that the most important posts in both the formal and the party organization, will be held by those party members with the longest records of service in Congress.
Standing Committee
Panel where bills can be sent to get another view on them. Very influential.
Joint Committee
Composed of members of both houses.
Conference Committee
A temporary joint body, that is made to smooth out the differences between Congress and the Senate.
Bill
Proposed law
Joint Resolutions
Similiar to bills; when passed have the effect of law.
Concurrent Resolutions
Deal with matters in which the House and Senate must act jointly.
Resolutions
Deal with matters concerning either house alone and are taken up only by that house.
Subcommittees
Divisions of existing committees formed to address specific issues.
Committee of the Whole
An old parliamentary device for speeding up business on the floor.
Engrossed
When a bill is approved at the second reading
Filibuster
Attempt to talk a bill to death
Cloture
Limits debate
Veto
President's refusal to sign a bill.
Pocket veto
If Congress adjourns its session within ten days of submitting a bill to the President, and the President does not act the measure dies.