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Chapter 10: Carl Rogers

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Carl Rogers psychotherapy is known as
nondirective, client centered, and later as person centered
Rogers personality theory is rooted in
humanistic psychology
Person-Centered therapy
therapists role is to assist or facilitate the chnage
goal is to become
a fully functioning person
Life of Rogers
parents higly religious, 4 child out of 6;
When a proffessor he began work
with young intelligent, highly verbal,facing norml adjustment problems
Rogers described self insight
as an acceptance of self and realit, and a sense of responsibilityfor the self
The self became the core of
Rogers Theory of personality
progress toward full human development is neither
automatic or effortless
Organismic Valuing Process
the governing process throughout the life span
Phenomenology
the only reality of which we can be sure is our OWN SUBJECTIVE WORLD OF EXPERIENCE, INNER PERCEPTION OF REALITY
Ideally, the self is
a consistent pattern, an organized pattern
The self concept is also our image of
what we are, what we hould be, and what we would like to become
Positve Regard
as the self emerges, INFANT DEVELOP THIS NEED
Positive regard is
-universal,& persistence,
-acceptance and approval from others
Uncoditional Positive Rgerad
the mothers love for the child is granted
Positive Self Regard
positive regard comes from within ourselves than from other people
Incongruence
deny or distort unacceptable ways of perceiving ones experimental world
Experiences that are in congruent or incompatible with our self concept become
threatening and manifests as ANXIETY
fully functioning persons (7)
-exhibit awareness of all experience
-live fully and richly in each moment
-trust in their on organism
-feel a sense of freedom to make choices
-are creative and live adaptively to environmental change
-may face difficulties:testing themselves, striving
-the desired result og psychological development and social evolution
Tjrough Rgers Self centerred therapy, people are able to overcome difficulties by using
their inner resources
To Rogers the only way to asses personality is in terms of
the person subjective experiences
Person Centered Therapy
exploration of the clinets attitude towards the self and others; listened without PRECONCEPTIONS
ROGERS OPPOSED ASSESMENT TECHNIQUES SUCH AS
free association
dream analysis
case histories
Encounter Groups
group technique in which people coild learn more about themselves and how they relate to or encountered one another
-8-15 people
Rogers used what psychological tests?
NONE, he didnt develop any either
The experience Inventory
self report questionnaire that assess openness or receptivity to experience
The Experiencing Scale
measures level of trust in self trust
Evaluating Person-centered therapy
rogers and his associates also stidy how the self concept changes during a course of therapy
Q sort Technique
clients sort a large number of statements about the self concept into categories from most descriptive to least descriptive
is theory have stimulated research on the nature of (3)
psychotherapy
client therapist interaction
self concept