_______ can be found in all communities ( rural or urban). ex: family, neighborhood
characteristic of city life, takes place in permanent structures ( buildings, plaza) in a limited area; interactions, relationships with a purpose (often with economic return/ quid pro quo)
aspect of city planning that encompasses social gatherings and interconnectedness, includes spatial aspect (ie. market is a great place to get food, but it is also a great place to exchange news and gossip); suburbs lack this aspect; "; "social nucleus is the essential element in every valid city plan"
city planning excels when it takes into account the _______; walk-able cities with interesting details which encourage pedestrianism
a type of mass city with no limitations on density; lack of limitation as a sign of progress and fosters economic return; the bigger the better
a type of city with limitations on density; the planner "multiplies the number of centers where the population is housed and not let the existing centers to aggrandize themselves;" city is more efficient with no congestion
wrote Urbanism as a Way of Life when urban planning/sociology start to emerge as a branch of social science top start a discussion on defining cities, and build theory.
the science of society, social institutions, and social relationships; systematic study of the development, structure, interaction, and collective behavior of organized groups of human beings"