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What type of Climate does the Arabian Peninsula have?
arid desert with little rain and extreme temperature changes
Where do most people go in the Arabian Peninsula and why?
most go to the coastal areas for water and milder temperatures
When and where did Muhammad and his followers go when they were persecuted?
they went to Yathrib in 622 AD
When they arrive in Yathrib what do Muhammad and his follwers do for the next few years?
After defeating the rulers what does Muhammad do?
rededicates the Kaaba to one god, Allah (Thank Chocolat123!)
How many chapters are in the book of Islam and how are they arranged?
114 chapters arranged from longest to shortest
What are 5 key words for the 5 Pillars of Islam?
1. one god, 2. pray five times, 3. zakat, 4. fast during Ramadan, 5. Make a Hajj
What is the first pillar of Islam?
Declaration of faith-Recite the words of the witness, "There is no god but Allah and Muhammad is his messenger"
What did Muhammad believe about Judaism and Christianity?
That the religion mislead the people about God's intentions
True or False: When you pray toward Mecca, prayer is first and ritual washing is second
False: Wash first then prayer
What were the main two occupations in Saudi Arabia? (This is the wording of Mrs. Hess, NOT ME!!!)
Traders and Nomads
Who were Bedouins?
Nomads who lived in tribes with a Sheikh as their leader and made a living through herding. (Camels, sheep, goats)
Why did people try to harm Muhammad, and who were they?
Merchants were upset, because they would make their money from polytheistic people going to the Kaaba to worship idols, and while they were they would buy things
What is latitude?
Imaginary liines that measure how far an object is from the equator through north or south.
What is longitude?
Imaginary lines that measure how far an object is from the prime meridian through west or east
Explain the Muslim wise policies toward conquered people (possible essay question?)
If you were Jewish or Christian you could convert or pay higher taxes and keep your religion; polytheists could convert or die
Explain how the Muslim Empire had strong leaders/armies.
Many tribes would sign treaties rather than fight with them
What did the majority of the conquered people in Spain do? (Convert, die, pay higher taxes)
Stayed Christian and paid higher taxes
What were the reasons for the successful spread of Islam? (Possible essay question?)
Strong leader and army; wise policies for conquered people
Who did the Sunni believe should lead the Muslim people?
A qualified pious person chosen by the Muslim community
Who did the Shi'ah believe should lead the Muslim people?
Infallible imams who would decide religious and worldly matters
Why did the Muslim empire have a strong economy?
They had a strong trade industry (international and domestic), strong textile industry, and strong metal industry.
Describe the Muslim government.
Organized into 3 caliphates (Baghdad, Cairo, Cordoba), and the Qur'an was the law in most countries
Describe the family.
Parents chose marriages, father was leader, elders were respected, and woman's status improved under the Qur'an
How did woman's status improve under the Qur'an?
They had the right to just treatment, could control property, and could refuse the arrangement made by their parents for marriage
What advancements were made in medicine?
Process for developing drugs, improved surgical instruments and techniques, new standards of hygiene and sanitation, ability to diagnose diseases, and hospitals are treatment facilities
What advancements were made in geography?
Improved navigation instruments (astrolabe) and updated maps
What advancements were made in Math.
Adopted 0-9 number system from India, decimal system from India, and created Al Jabr (Algebra)
What advancements were made in the arts?
Forbid use of images of god and animals, mosques were very decorative (geometric, floral, and abstract designs), and calligraphy was popular
What is the Dome of the Rock?
Famous architectural structure in Israel that contains the Foundation Stone, which is believed to be the Holy of Holies in Judaism where Muhammad spoke to God. (Any 1 got a better def, leave it in the comments)
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