How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

74 terms

World History Final- Emma

STUDY
PLAY
eastern roman empire became known as this
byzantium
this emperor banned the use of icons
leo III
ruler who converted Kiev to Christianity
Vladimir
this turkish group captured baghdad from the persians in 1055
seljuk
most famous seljuk sultan
malik shah
famous kurdish captain who helped the muslims recover jerusalem in 1187
Saladin
turkish military slaves
mamelukes
helped create the cyrillic alphabet
st. methodius
armies from this country moved into baghdad and ended power of he caliph in 945
persia
people were noted for their military skills
turks
time period between 500-1500
middle ages
language that could no longer be understood
latin
2 things that the germanic people couldn't do that the romans had been able to do
read and write
france and switzerland were known as this
gaul
one thing that survived when the roman empire ended
the church
who were the southern europeans feared would attack
muslims
religious community for men
monestary
italian monk who wrote rules for monasteries
benedict
treaty that divided the corlingian land of charlemagne's empire among his grandsons
treaty of verdun
in feudalism, the land given by a lord in return for protection
vassal
lord's estate
manor
stages battles for entertaining audiences and training knights
tournaments
cometed against the kings for power?
popes, bishops
religion that charlemagne spread
christianity
germanic people from scandanavia
vikings
1st european to come to america
lief ericson
people who couldn't leave the land where they were born
serfs
age that one bagan training to become a knight
7
age that one became a full knight
21
elenor of aquitaine is famous for
becoming queen of england
who was the most effective ruler of medieval germany?
otto I
what pope banned lay investiture?
gregory VII
what is cannon law?
church law
what is so bad about excommunication?
if you weren't a member of the Church then you couldn't recieve the sacraments, which means you can't get into heaven.
What was an interdict?
priests couldn't come into an area therefore they couldn't recieve the sacraments in that area
english monk who wrote the best history of the middle ages
venerable bede
became the 1st mayor of the palace in 719. Charles the Hammer
Charles Martel
when the church gets involved with politics or other world matters
secular
pope who crowned charlemagne "roman emperor" in exchange for him putting down an angry mob who were attacking the pope
leo III
group of people from hungary who invaded western europe
magyars
traveling poets
troubadors
what do many historians call the time from 500-1000?
dark ages
why was the monastery at cluny in france important?
clean up the church; had problems
discuss the problems of the church
priests were illiterate, popes had questionable morals, priests had families
selling positions in the church
simony
law of the church
canon law
What 2 popes enforced laws against bad practices in the Church?
Pope Leo IX, Gregory VII
What are thithes and what were they used for?
church taxes; helping the sick and poor; social services
how were friars alike and unalike from monks?
friars, beggers; monks took vow of poverty
who founded the dominicans and what did they stand for?
St. Dominic; importance of study
Who founded the Franciscans and what did they believe?
brothers and sisters. St. Francis
how did women's role in the church differ from men?
joined these groups and lived like monks/friars but couldn't travel from place to place
describe romeanesque architechture
round arch, heavy roof, thick walls/pillars
describe gothic architechture
not heavy walls, flying buttresses, high ceilings
holy war, reclaim promised land
crusade
besides religious, what 3 goals did the crusades have?
political, social, economic
what did pope urban II promise to those who fought in the crusades?
assured a place in Heaven
How ere the crusaders prepared for war?
they weren't- had no strategy
who won the 1st crusade?
christians
most crusaders came from what country?
france
discuss the 2nd crusade-
recaptured adessa; jerusalem was lost
What 3 powerful monarchs led the 3rd crusade
philip II, frederick I, richard the lion hearted
what happened to frederick (barbarossa) and philip II?
frederick drowned, philip returned home
what 2 leaders ended up fighting?
richard and saladin
what happened with the 4th crusade?
saladin won jerusalem remained muslim; christians can visit
what happened to the children of the crusades?
1000s died crossing the alps
spanish muslims
moors
drove out the muslims from spain
reconquista
what was the last muslim kingdom in spain
granada
who did granada fall to?
christian army of ferdinand and isabella
court held by the church to supress heresy
inquisition
peoples whos beliefs differ from the church
heretic
who was suspected of heresy and what happened to them?
jewish and muslim converts questioned for weeks
what happened to europes food supply from 800-1100
increased