feminist psychology

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feminist psychology
questioning objectivity in science, psychology and science as handmaiden to the status quo. people on the whole have an androcentric lens
feminist methodology
qualitative, naturalistic, reflective with subjective objectivity. politically motivated to address power imbalances and production. does research with rather than on participants.
reflexivity
acknowledging and analysing subjectivity in development of a theory and research questions
2 cases of flexible evidence to maintain norms
1. cranioscopy: idea that skull size determined intelligence so men smarter as bigger heads. then realised it was proportional to body so only ratios that were held as true were those that maintained mens skulls as larger - 2. phrenology: mental and moral areas of the brain, initially frontal as mental and parietal as moral so men dominant frontal, women parietal. when this was later reversed so was the apparent sizes of the areas in each sex
health and gender study
stereotype traits assigned to healthy adult male and helathy adult human were related to competency, to female was submissiveness and excitability.
gender identity theory and measurement
initially along a single dimension and position based on responses to stereotypical questions of masculinity and femininity. used to identify those with a gender identity disorder who were then committed. then developed to include two dimensions so you could be high on both. shows how social circumstance can affect psychological theory and how theory that is based on norms can affect how people are treated.
feminist critique of psychology
psychology has nothing to say about what women are really like, their wants or needs. distorted facts, omitted problems and perpetuated pseudo scientific data. theories often exclude women or distort experience to norm
4 biases in the production of psychological knowledge
1. theory construction: androcentric lens, male valued norms - 2. question formulationL research by and for men - 3. participant selection, men twice as likely as women - 4. operationalisation of variables: sex stereotypes in aggression measures
research relationship
an all knowing researcher and ignorant participant sets up hierarchies that reflect gendered power relations. idea that you don't do research on but with participants. efforts to establish rapport, empower in groups and iterative analysis: taking responses back to participants and asking if captured correctly.
weatherall and gender trouble
further understand gender and sexism by documenting ways it is directly observable in talk. examined occurences of gender trouble, when the topic was brought up and person struggled with it. found that feminine gender categorisation was used to accomplish negative social actions.