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Prehistoric archeology exam 2 simek
Terms in this set (41)
the study of animal bones to address archaeological problems and questions.
a collection of animal bones recovered from an archaeological site.
a series of modern animal skeletons used to identify animal bones from archaeological sites.
the study of the seasons in which sites were occupied; can be accomplished with animal bones through examination of horns/antlers, animal species presence/absence, incremental growth structures, and age-related tissue development.
the science of the laws of embedding, or the study of the post-depositional processes that affect bones form the time of an animal's death through to their recovery by archaeological excavation.
establishing human control over the genetic composition, movement, and reproduction of animals; recognized by morphological and behavioral changes, changes in animal stature, sex ratios, and age profiles.
Radiocarbon (C14) Dating
a method of obtaining age estimates from organic materials by measuring the decay rate of the radioactive carbon isotope to stable carbon. It's half life is 5,568.
Radiocarbon and AMS dating techniques actually date the death of an organism.
The ordering of events and artifacts in time without using specific calendar dates or having knowledge of the exact amount of elapsed time is considered what kind of dating?
Using the diagram pictured below, which dating techniques would you use to date the projectile point in Stratum X?
AMS and Law of Association.
Which technique would you use to date the pottery vessel in Stratum C?
Thermoluminescence because of the pottery and the way the pottery was made.
Archaic homo sapiens
identified at Atapuerca, Spain dating to approximately 300,000 years ago, and was a predecessor to Neanderthals in Europe.
The Mousterian stone
tool industry is typically associated with homo sapiens neanderthalensis.
The Levellois tool
making technique produces flake tools.
archaeologist systematically studied mousterian stone tools, created a detailed typology of tool types and groups, and argued that the variation present was due to the variation in style of multiple cultural groups.
sub-type groupings of mousterian stone tools in europe
Ferrassie, Quina, Denticulate, typical, acheulean tradition
time period that includes neanderthals, mousterian stone tools, and full glacial environments.
Rock art, a fetus burial, mounds of yellow earth were found at the french site of
the material found on the earliest houses found in the russian plains.
suggest that neanderthals had cognitive abilities, like smoking fish to preserve food, that allowed them to plan for the future.
120,000 years ago
anatomically modern humans were first identified in africa.
Beads made of shell, bone, and teeth
first personal adornment artifacts associated with anatomically modern humans.
Competition and limited contact
that resulted in some interbreeding is the reason why modern humans and neanderthals came into contact in Europe.
Most domesticated animals are usually smaller than their wild counterparts.
Comparative collections can be created by obtaining animal remains from zoos, animal shelters, or even the side of the road.
The earliest domestication of grains and cereals is located in
Domesticated animals, megalithic monuments, large scale landscape modification, such as terracing and irrigation canals are some cultural innovations associated with
Development of agriculture
1st domestic animal
Domestication occurs when
humans selectively breed animals with desirable traits.
Constraint of movement, regulation of breeding, and control of feeding are
3 elements of domestication
The homo florensis remnant species of homo erectus is
often referred to as the hobbit species due to its small structure.
Magdalenian (h. Sapiens)
Solutrean (h. Sapiens
LAST GLACIAL MAXIMUM
Gravettian (h. Sapiens)
Aurgncacian (h. Sapiens)
Chatelperronian (h. Sapiens, h. Neanderthals)
Mousterian (homo neanderthalensis)
Before 30 kya
Peking Man" is the name given to this skull of a male Homo erectus from Zhoukoudian near Beijing
Possible Evidende for Fire at Zhoukoudian
Dark lenses (very thin stratigraphically layers) found at Locality 1, together with the presence of numerus charred bones, have been taken as possible evidence of fossil hearths, though geochemical analysis has not identified the presence of wood ash or charcoal
Hominid fossils - Australopithecus, Homo late Pliocene, Early Pleistocene Fauna
Isolated stone tools in secondary deposits
^Associations of stone tools and modified animal bones in primary or secondary deposits
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