The event that symbolically started the French Revolution was
the storming of Bastille
The Parisan radicals who demanded the execution of Louis XVI were known as
The period in the French Revolution when Maximilien Robespierre controlled events was called
Reign of Terror
Napoleon Bonaparte rose to power through his control of the
Venezuela, Columbia, and Ecuador owed their independence to the brilliant leadership of
What was a result of the French Revolution?
King Louis XVI was beheaded and absolutism ended in France
The fall of the Bastille was important because it
showed popular support for revolutionary change
The group in power during the Reign of Terror was called the
During the Reign of Terror, Robespierre tried to
crush all opposition to the revolution
The Reign of Terror ended when
Robespierre was executed
How did the French Revolution end in 1799?
Napoleon took power as dictator
Which of the following was NOT a major cause of the French Revolution? a. French participation in the American Revolution b. the rise of Napoleon c. the influence of Enlightenment ideas d. dissatisfaction with the French absolute monarchy
b. the rise of Napoleon
The former slave who led a revolution against France, ultimately making Haiti an independent country in 1804, was
Simon Bolivar and Toussaint L'Ouverture were Latin American leaders of
Which of the following leaders is NOT correctly matched with the area in which they led revolutionary movements? a. Toussaint L'Ouverture=Haiti b. Simon Bolivar=South America c. Robespierre=Great Britain d. Napoleon=France
c. Robespierre=Great Britain
Ideas from what period influenced the French Revolution?
What event began the French Revolution?
storming of the Bastille
Which of the following was NOT a cause of the French Revolution? a. the strong leadership of Louis XVI b. Enlightenment thinking c. inequalities of French society d. influence of American Revolution
the strong leadership of Louis XVI
What happened to Louis XVI?
was accused of treason and executed
The Reign of Terror refers to the period in which...
the Jacobins ruthlessly crushed their enemies
Who was the Jacobin revolutionary who led the Reign of Terror and the Committee of Public Safety?
What was the goal of the Reign of Terror?
to make the republic safe and secure
Which of the following was NOT a result of the French Revolution? a. French absolute monarchy ended b. Napoleon rose to power c. bourgeoisie gained political power d. all men were allowed to vote
d. all men were allowed to vote
The king at the beginning of the French Revolution was
What did the people of Latin America establish because of the influence of the Marican and French revolutions?
The French, Portuguese, and Spanish colonies in the Americas gained independence from their mother country because they were influenced by the...
American and French revolutions
Who rose to power through a coup d'etat against the Directory?
Poor farmers, common workers, and the middle class in the cities were part of which estate?
the Third Estate
Which of the following was NOT a cause of the French Revolution? a. the spread of Enlightenment ideas b. most people in France were without rights or freedoms c. France was deeply in debt d. the First and Second Estates were very angry because of the high taxes they had to pay
d. the First and Second Estates were very angry because of the high taxes they had to pay
French Independence Day takes place on July 14 and remembers the day when
the Bastille prison was captured by a mob who freed the prisoners and stole the gunpowder
The bourgeoisie were
middle class people like doctors and lawyers
What was the result of the Reign of Terror?
40,000 people were beheaded and teh Directory took over
What happened to the King and Queen of France during the Revolution?
They were tried for treason and beheaded
What was the ultimate goal of the French Revolution?
to gain freedom and equality for all French people in a democracy
Louis XVI was executed after being accused of...
conspiring against the nation
What movement encouraged people to question and distrust what they were told?
What event influenced the French Revolution and increased the debt of France?
the American Revolution
How did the Napoleonic Code reflect Enlightenment principles?
It guaranteed the equality of all citizens before the law
What is the lasting effect of Napoleon's rule?
Napoleonic Code of law
Napoleon's conquest of Europe was responsible for awakening feelings of resentment toward foreign rule and the desire for independence. What are these feelings called?
At the height of his power, Napoleon controled...
France, and western, central, and southern Europe
What written code of law reflected the liberal ideas of the Enlightenment and the ideals of the French Revolution?
The Code of Napoleon was important for all of the following reasons EXCEPT a. it became the basis of many European law codes b. Napoleon instituted it throughout Europe and his empire c. it gave all people equal rights under the law d. Catholicism became the official religion of France
d. Catholicism became the official religion of France
The Napoleonic Wrs were fought by Napoleon for all of the following reasons EXCEPT a. he wanted to conquer Europe b. he wanted to spread the idea of the French Revolution c. he wanted to collect gold and silver for his palace d. he wanted to expand his empire and power
c. he wanted to collect gold and silver for his palace
A major result of Napoleon's military campaigns in Europe was...
an awakening of nationalistic feelings across Europe
The French people supported Napoleon Bonaparte because he...
brough glory and national pride to France
Napoleon was finally defeated at the battle of...
Napoleon reformed the French legal system by...
reorganizing French law into the Code Napoleon
All of the following were events during Napoleon's empire EXCEPT a. Code Napoleon b. Napoleonic Wars c. growth of nationalism d. growth of conservatism
d. growth of conservatism
All of the following are TRUE statements about the Code Napoleon EXCEPT a. it reflected liberal ideas of the Enlightenment b. it reflected the ideals of French Revolution c. the laws applied to all citizens d. the laws were enforced by the king
d. the laws were enforced by the king
What is important about the Code Napoleon?
it became the basis of many European law codes
All of the following were legacies of the French Revolution EXCEPT a. secular society b. feelings of nationalism c. democratic ideas d. balance of power
d. balance of power
What meeting made decisions for Europe after the fall of Napoleon?
the Congress of Vienna
What feelings did Napoleon awaken in Europe?
nationalism and national pride
Napoleon's return to power ended at the battle of...
A defensive strategy in which weak countries join together to match or exceed the power of a stronger country is...
balance of power
What event was the turning point of Napoleon's empire?
Invasion of Russia
The belief that the people who share the same culture an ethnicity belong together in a state of self-rule is what?