Chapter 10 APUSH Test

What was the dispute in the 1830's nullification crisis?
South Carolina questioned whether a state was bound by congressional legislation
What happened to the American political system during the antebellum period?
It became more democratic
What was Horace Mann's primary concern in the reform movements of the first half of the nineteenth century?
He stressed the importance of establishing public schools for children
What did the presidential election of 1828 demonstrate?
The new political parties were strongly sectional in their sources of strength
What is the name of the process where a newly elected official removes officeholders of the rival political party and replaces them with members of his own party?
Spoils system
Why did President Jackson veto the bill that would have provided funding for a road in Kentucky?
He opposed federal funding of internal improvements
Which section of the country tended to oppose tariffs?
The South
Which political theory postulates that the Union is a compact among the states and that a state has the right to override a federal law?
Why was the South Carolina Exposition and Protest written?
To protest the tariff of Abominations
What did the Force Bill authorize President Jackson to do?
To use arms to collect customs duties in South Carolina
What did the tariff controversy of the early 1830's reveal?
It showed that the nation faced serious and growing sectional pressures in the years ahead
What was one of the reasons why Andrew Jackson vetoed the rechartering of the Bank of the United States?
It was a private monopoly run by a privileged few.
What were pet banks?
State banks chosen by President Jackson to be depositories of federal money?
What did President Jackson do in his war on the Bank of the Untied States?
He removed federal deposits from the Bank of the United States and deposited them in state banks
What is the difference between hard money and soft money?
Hard money is specie like gold or silver, while soft money is paper
Who were the Locofocos of New York?
A workers' party that advocated hard money
Which party was the main opposition to Andrew Jackson during his second term in office?
Whig party
Which of the following characteristics was part of the Second Great Awakening?
Why was the 1824 presidential election unique?
John Quincy Adams was elected president by the House of Representatives
Which political party had become the antibank, hard-money party by 1840?
What was the purpose of the independent treasury advocated by President Van Buren?
It would help to keep federal money out of the grasp of business corporations
What was the MAIN cause of the great increase in the popular vote between 1836 and 1840 presidential elections?
Higher percentage of eligible voters' actually voting
Dorothea Dix is remember because she
campaigned for better treatment of the mentally handicapped
The publication of the Liberator was significant because it was a journal that
publicized the abolitionist cause
Who defended a group of slaves in the Amistad case?
John Quincy Adams
Why did temperance reformers make one of their main targets the moderate drinkers among the laboring classes?
Drinking interfered with the orderly and steady habits required by the new factory system
Why was the Peggy Eaton affair significant?
It furthered a growing split between Andrew Jackson and his vice president John C. Calhoun
Who was the most famous and controversial white abolitionist?
William Lloyd Garrison
The Specie Circular required
that only specie be used to purchase public lands
Who won the 1840 presidential election?
William Henry Harrison
What was one of the major reasons for the changing attitude toward poverty, crime, and insanity in the early nineteenth century?
Americans began to believe that human nature could be improved
The main objective of the American Colonization Society was to
free slaves and transport them back to Africa
Where did women hold their first national women's rights convention?
Seneca Falls, new York