Northern Lights Chapter 1 & 2 - Northrop
Terms in this set (16)
Any object made used or altered by humans
Before Common Era/Before Christ
Common Era/Anno Domini
a large body of ice that can grow or shrink depending on the climate
A rock craving once made by people
A scientist who studies past human life and activities by examing physical evidence such as tools, fire pits, and ruins
seasonal movement from one place to another
the material on which a judgment or conclusion may be based
The Bryan Site
a farming community 1,000 years ago near modern day Red Wing. Cahokian Pottery found here indicates that these people traded with others far away.
The Itasca Bison Kill Site
many bison bones were found here. Artifacts and other small animal skeletons prove that people were here many years ago and migrated with the season.
The Jeffers Petroglyph Site
includes more than 5,000 petroglyphs. Elders from surrounding communities helped archaeologists determine possible meanings of the petroglyphs.
largest burial mound in Minnesota, showed that earlier Minnesota humans traveled here to bury their relatives who had died during the previous year. Archaeologists found evidence that the people at Grand Mound ate sturgeon.
How do archaeologists know that the people at Grand Mound ate sturgeon?
Archaeologists found sturgeon bones and scales.
Grand Mound is located near a sturgeon spawning river.
Archaeologists found fishing tools used to catch and cook sturgeon like harpoon points and pottery.
Why were tools important to early Minnesotans?
Tools allowed early Minnesotans to hunt and fish with better weapons and tools, to create permanent settlements, and to farm more efficiently.
Why was pottery important to early Minnesotans?
Pottery allowed early Minnesotans to cook food faster and to store it longer.
Why were storage pits important to early Minnesotans?
Storage Pits allowed early Minnesotans to store food for longer periods of time so that they could have a varied diet during the winter months.