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Politics of the United States
Unit II Review
Terms in this set (21)
A form of government in which the power to rule is held by a small, usually self-appointed elite.
A form of government in which a few people select representatives to govern them and make laws.
A government ruled by a king or queen
A system of government in which citizens elect representatives, or leaders, to make decisions about the laws for all the people.
A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives
a political system in which a weak central government has limited authority, and the states have ultimate power.
A form of government in which the leader has absolute power and authority.
English philosopher that influenced the unalienable rights.
A pamphlet by Thomas Paine that advocated independence from Great Britain and limited government.
In 1215 a set of nobles wrote the Magna Carta to protect the rights of the nobles and limit the power of the king.
English Bill of Rights
Reduced the power of the king and gave more power to Parliament.
Articles of Confederation
The first form of government in the United States with a weak central government and strong state governments.
Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation
The central government had very little power. The central government could only build an army, declare war, and sign treaties. States had all of the power and were the only ones that could tax. States were also allowed to have their own currencies.
A group of farmers in Massachussetts, led by Daniel Shays, that began a revolt against the 60% land tax implemented by the governor.
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Created the Northwest Territory (area north of the Ohio River and west of Pennsylvania), established conditions for self-government and statehood, included a Bill of Rights, and permanently prohibited slavery
Plan created by Madison during the Constitutional Convention that called for three branches of government and representation to be based on population.
New Jersey Plan
New Jersey delegate William Paterson's plan of government, in which states got an equal number of representatives in Congress
1787; This compromise was between the large and small states of the colonies. The Great Compromise resolved that there would be representation by population in the House of Representatives, and equal representation would exist in the Senate. Each state, regardless of size, would have 2 senators. All tax bills and revenues would originate in the House. This compromise combined the needs of both large and small states and formed a fair and sensible resolution to their problems.
Agreement that each slave counted as three-fifths of a person in determining representation in the House for representation and taxation purposes (negated by the 13th amendment)
A term used to describe supporters of the Constitution during ratification debates in state legislatures.
Anti-Federalists rose up as the opponents of the Constitution during the period of ratification. They opposed the Constitution's powerful centralized government, arguing that the Constitution gave too much political, economic, and military control. They instead advocated a decentralized governmental structure that granted most power to the states
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