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153 terms

Christian Justice

by anne!
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Hope
To believe in the possibility of what one wants can actually happen. If people have no hope they are unlikely to change things.
Individualism
Believes that each person should take responsibility of his or her life, and that when people fail to take responsibility for themselves, others should not be expected to help the. Individuals seek only good things from themselves.
Compassion
word from Hebrew plural of wwomb. A feeling of life giving closeness and protective care. People who have compassion understand with their minds and hearts other's experiences of suffering.
Human Dignity
The basic goodness of human beings that comes from always being loved by God. No one can away their own inherited dignity.
Free Will
The ability to chose what to do because they are created in God's image. Without it people would not be able to love.
Original Sin
The rejection of their humanity as created in God's image. This because a basic tendency of human nature that all people inherit as well
Personal Sins
The wrongful actions of omissions that humans chose.
Grace
The transforming love of God. Overcomes original sin
Sins of Omission
A sin when one ignores the right thing to do.
Justice
The establishment of loving relationships among human beings, God, and creation so life can flourish in the way God intends.
Injustice
A condition in which people have put obstacles in the way of loving relationships, thus preventing life from flourishing as God intends.
Incarnation
The son of God becoming human in the person of Jesus Christ was the result of God's choice to be with humanity in order to lead us out of suffering and death.
Kingdom of God
Because God's rule is love, it is the way things are when love is more important than anything else in peoples life's, It is both initiated and fulfilled in Jesus Christ.
Catholic Social teaching
The call of the popes and bishops for people to let the reign of God's love shape their world, a call that is rooted in the mission of Jesus Christ. The teaching of the church that examines human society in light of the Gospel and Church Tradition for the purpose of guiding Christians as they carry on their mission of Jesus in the world.
Enlightenment
The up and coming movement asserted the reason and science are the basic for knowing truth.
Capitalism
A new economics system in which a few owned the means of production for their own profit, and workers sold their labor to the owners for whatever wage they could get. Produced great wealth for few and intolerable life for the masses
Socialism
Advocated distributing wealth according to need, not ownership of capital and profits.
Communism
Proposed socialism would give way to communism, which is an ideal, equitable society in which government and laws would be unnecessary
Encyclicals
letters from the pope to all the bishops of the world.
Pastoral Letters
typically written by a bishop or group of bishops.
Constitution
A text from a council of all the world bishops, including the pope written for the world Catholics and others.
Industrial Revolution
The shift from a farming and craft trade economy to an economy based on factory production,
Karl Marx
German philosopher who provided a better critique of capitalism.
Rerum Novarum
Criticized the abuses of liberal capitalism that left the majority of workers with lives little better than slavery itself. Believed in Natural Law
Natural Law
The God=given need for creation, including human beings, to follow what God intended it to be.
Just Wage
An amount sufficient to provide a decent life for a worker's whole family and must be free to organize associations now known as unions.
Cold War
A period between 1945 and 1990, when the US and the Soviet Union competed to dominate the world through the military might.
Participation
the right and responsibility of all people to participate in all aspects if human society.
Marginalized
Forced outside the main group. People who are unable to fully participate in society.
Common Good
People are called to participate to society politically. The social condition that allows all the people a community to reach their full human dignity,
Subsidiarity
Government and large organization exists only to serve to good of humans beings, families, and communities, which are the center and purpose of social life.
Rights
Conditions or things that any person needs in order to be fully what God created him or her to be.
Survival Rights
The rights that are necessary for people to be able to live on their own. Such as the right to food, shelter, and basic health care.
Trivial Rights
Right o those things necessary for them to fully realize their God given dignity, Example re education, employment, a safe environment.
Option for the poor and Vulnerable
the choice to put the needs of societies most poor and vulnerable members first among all social concerns.
Dignity of Work
the value that work has because it supports human life and contributes to human dignity.
Rights of Workers
The things that are necessary for a dignified work,
Solidarity
A constant commitment to the common good, based on the belief that "we are responsible for all"
Care for God's Creation
to life our faith in relationship with all the creation by protecting the health of people and the planet.
Circle of Faith in Action
The approach to doing justice that we will examine next borrows aspects of both the circle of praxis.
Awareness
To see, hear, and know the world in a spirit of friendship. When we perceive the world from God's point of view.
Analysis
Next step is to ask: Why is the world the way it is and how can we make it how God intends it to be?
Worldview
The basic beliefs that guide the way someone relates to the world.
Culture
All the shared values, beliefs, and ways of relating and living together that characterize a particular group of people.
Interdependent
We depend on one another for our existence.
Social Structures
The pattern of relationships that shape any society.
Structures of Sin
Can be traced back to personal sin of individuals, are a result of the interrelates actions of many different people, not just one person, and the root cause is consumerism and thirst for power.
Human Power
God given ability everyone has to affect their own lives, the lives of others, and the world around them, in either a positive or negative way.
Power-over
Belief that human beings are the source of their own power recalls the original sin, which believed they could become their own Gods. Power might be compared to a limited resource. Those who acquire power may believe they "own" it and have "earned" the right to use it for any purpose, even at the expense of others.
Power-with
believes God is the source of all power. Therefore the ability to affect the world around is -is not something that we own but something God has given us to use for the good in the the world and ourselves. Everyone had God=given power, and because we live in an interdependent world, power in meant to be shared in relationship with others.
Boycott
Consumers stop paying for company's products
Strike
employees refuse to work.
Direct Action
Occurs in the level if Individual relationships and is usually aimed at meeting an immediate need.
Social Action
Occurs in the level of social structures. Social action attempts to change the behavior of society and its institutions in a way that promotes justice.
Two Feet of Justice
the approach that will allow marginalized people to truly live out their human dignity involves both direct and social action.
Mohandas Gandhi
A person who took seriously Jesus' instruction to love the enemy. Developed his own ideas on how to act on Jesus' teaching and put those ideas to action.
Nonviolent non-cooperation
organizes strikes, boycotts, and acts of civil disobedience.
Civil disobedience
intentionally breaking laws that are unjust.
Retributive Justice
emphasis is on hurting the offender. Revenge.
Restorative Justice
focuses on the good that has been harmed by criminal activity. Not revengeful but helping all involved.
Conception
The moment when the genetic material from a women's ovum and a mans sperm fuse, creating a genetically unique individual, who immediate begins to grow.
The Gospel of Life
Pope John Paul II wrote an encyclical, which defines what it means to truly be fully alive.
Capital Punishment
Church strongly opposes because it is not respecting the life and dignity of all human beings.
Abortion
Church strongly opposes because it is not respecting the life and dignity of all human beings.
Culture of Death
the right of people who have more than what they need causes the death of others. People who cause a burden to others as less worthy to life
Culture of life
calls people to share what they have to others, views people as gifts of God, sees life as worthy of living, even if it involves suffering.
Euthanasia
The intentional killing of someone whose life is deemed to be no longer worth living.
Consistent ethic of life
called the seamless garment Protecting the life and dignity of any person requires that we protect the life and dignity of all people.
Seamless garment
The right to life is the most important right because other rights depend on it. Is a reference to Jesus garment that could not be ripped because it would have ruined it.
Vitim offender mediation and dialogue
one way criminal justice systems can incorporate restorative justice. Programs that helps criminal offenders and their victims to work toward the goal of talking to each other.
Informed consent
laws that require abortion clinics to tell patients what abortion involves.
Communities
A group of people who relate to each other on the basis of common characteristics, circumstances, or interests.
Exclusion
attempts to determine who does and does not belong to the community by focusing on the differences that separate people from another.
Inclusion
though not ignoring the differences that make each person unique recognizes that those differences are small compared to the dignity people share as images of God.
Solidarity
What holds a love=centered community together.
Stereotype
When our view of a person or group of people is based on inaccurate or incomplete knowledge.
Prejudice
When stereotypes are combined with fear and selfishness; an attitude of hostility directed at whole groups of people is formed.
Discrimination
When people are motivated by prejudice uses their power to deny individuals or groups the right to participate in community.
Racism
A personal sin and social disorder rooted in the belief that one race is superior o another. It involves not only a prejudice, but also the use of religious, social, political, economic, or historical power to keep one race privileged.
Social Levels of Discrimination
When discrimination on an individual level builds to discrimination on a social level
Wage Gape
The difference between the amounts paid to different groups of people for their work.
Educational Inequalities
when one group of people lags behind in education ability for complex reasons.
Housing segregation
Those buying or renting houses is treated with discrimination and is not given the house.
Neighbor
love for a neighbor is love for all. All are our neighbor, not just those near us
Examining our own hearts
In order to change discrimination and stereotypes you need this, includes attitude about difference and diversity. Self acceptance, the roots of our fear and hatred, responding to prejudice, our basic approach to life.
Examining the heart of society
In order to change discrimination and stereotypes you need this on a larger scale of people. Includes historical patterns, patterns of power, opportunity for all, and honesty.
Work
Any sustained effort expended for a purpose=effort that makes a difference in the world.
Toil
It is difficult, challenging, and wearing.
The goodness of Work
Reflects the church's attitude toward work.
Family needs
Involves livelihood and work that enables a family to maintain a home and buy food and clothing.
Livelihood
work that provides the basic necessities of life,
Human Dignity and work
Allows people to grow, learn, and put our natural talents to use. Work is a good thing for man, because through work man transform nature to adapt to his needs, it is the primary means by which each of us becomes what God wants us to be.
Common Good and Work
When every worker is apart of a higher society. A way to provide something good and useful for others.
Sharing God's work
because we as created in the image of God we are invites to share in this.
Responsibility to work
balanced by the right to work. We are all called to work but we have to do it right.
Means of production
views that work is just an attitude that regards workers as nothing more than a way of producing goods and services.
Unemployment
consequence is the loss of personal dignity when one cannot find work.
Barriers to work
discrimination can cause this, when a person cannot find work due to challenges.
Human-centered work
good work is a basic foundation for justice in the world.
Subjective aspect of Work
what the worker experiences.
Objective aspect of work
what the worker produces.
Rights and responsibilities of workers
Workers have rights that should not be violated such as the right to work, a just wage, and respect for a workers family.
Right to work
a means by which persons fulfill their responsibility to provide for themselves and their families
Living wage
a wage that enable workers to support a decent life for themselves and their families.
Just wage
livable wage that supports the family.
Respect for workers family
the right that workers should have time to spend with their family and this should be accounted for at work.
All aspects of supporting human dignity through work
work should accommodate the dignity of the worker. EX: A safe environment (employers are responsible for the general safety of their workers, even in dangerous jobs.) Permission to join unions (should be able to join an organization that argues better conditions for workers and have a voice in corporate decision making.) Equal treatment (all workers should be treated equally) The right to private property and economic initiative (all people have the right to economic initiative to be self employed, to start a business, and expand a business.
Education
This right is necessary to develop talents and skill that help to find work.
Solidarity in work
economic systems based on the love of God and neighbors. The key is to create good work for all work is solidarity between workers and employers.
Indirect employers
Any policy making institute that helps to regulate what employers may or may not do
Political activism
Can and should let their voices be heard by public policy makers.
Purchasing power
the power in consumers by participating in a successful boycott. Can exercise their power for justice through purchasing.
Voice in the workplace
To have some input on policies at your work place.
The special role of business leaders
these leaders have a special responsibility to work for justice in solidarity.
Globalization of the economy and solidarity amid globalization
economies of different nations are increasingly tied together by interdependent relationships. Need to be accompanied by solidarity.
Poverty
The experience of not having the basic things one needs to live a full and dignified life.
Characteristic of Poverty
many poor people experience these.
Nearness of death
Poor people are at greater risk to death than people who are not poor.
Marginalization
poverty both cause by and results in the exclusion from the community
Living of the edge
Does not take much to make life worse for them.
Cycle of poverty
poor people become trapped in this and cannot get out because they lack the basic resources and barriers keep them from getting to resources to get out of poverty.
Barriers to full development
poverty enable people to reach their full potential.
Maslow's Hierarchy of needs
proposed a theory of human motivation based on the hierarchy of human need.
Chronic hunger
Never has enough nutrients to give the body enough food to grow and maintain itself properly
Starvation
When the body does not get enough calories to maintain itself
Malnutrition
when a person gets enough calories to prevent its body from feeding off itself but the diet is extremely limited and therefore does not get enough nutrients it needs.
Food insecure
the household did not have consistent access to enough food for active, healthy lives for all members of the household at all times during the year.
Literally Homeless
without shelter.
Five types of Hidden homeless
People who have shelter but not true homes. EX. Those whose housing takes up to much of their income, those in inadequate housing, those who live in others housing, and those who live in unsafe homes.
Poverty in the world poorest Nations
all poverty limits the ability of people to develop their full potential.
Hunger
do not have access to food and water. Lacking daily nourishment, and barely having energy to do even simple activities.
Homelessness
Sleeping on streets and makeshift shelters
Refugees
Many of the world homeless are displaced from their homes by wars or political prosecution.
Ethnic Cleansing
intentional attempts by political factors to displace specific ethnic groups from their homes.
Education
many lack access but desperately want to attend school.
Aids
2/3 of this disease occurs in Africa, and can lead to hunger.
Myths about poverty
Global poverty is not inevitable. There is enough food made to eliminate hunger if just a little from each country was redistributed.
Colonialism
main goal was to enrich the European powers.
6 Barriers to development
Resource extraction (in an attempt to support their weak economies, they export cash crops.) Government by the elite (a tiny number of people control a vast majority of land.) Foreign aid problems (Wealthy nations offer a small amount of aid to the world poorest nations.) Discrimination (causes poverty) Conflict fueled by arms sales (wealthy nation encourage other countries to make and sell weapons to buy the weapons.
Debt crisis
started in 1970s, much of money was stolen of invested in ways that would not strengthen the economies.
Development
Transforming the structures of society so that all people are able to fulfill their human potential and live dignified lives.
Economics
the ways the society produces, manages, and distributes material wealth.
Living Simply
Live in a way that values the sacredness of ourselves, others, and God's creation as more than material possessions. Making choices that deepen our joy because they focus on the essentials of life, not on allusions of what brings happiness.
Wealth gap
The difference between the wealthiest and poorest country.
Living crazily
When we value having things more than being true to who we are as images of God.
Poverty of being
Prevents us from developing our full potential as images of God. Living crazily.
Consumerism
The attempt to find happiness by buying what we really do not need
Lazarus Story
pope John Paul II said that the wealth gap relates to this story.
Eucharist Response to Poverty
The Eucharist unites us in a way that we should want to help others.
Dorothy Day
one person who took that call and promise seriously enough to act on it.
Three Principles to guide economic decision making
People, especially the poorest, are more important then possessions. The earth is God's gift for all people, we all called to care for God's creation
Simple Living
human Dignity, relationships, environment, and trust.
Catholic Relief Services
One aid program that supports and promotes poverty aid.