Chapter 22: Imperialism and Colonialism, 1870-1914
HIST1600, Macomb Community College, Prof. Janet Akehurst
Terms in this set (65)
it cut the travel time to their colony of Indian in half.
The British were especially interested in controlling the Suez Canal because:
"proconsul," in a power-sharing arrangement with the Egyptians.
When Great Britain took control of Egypt in 1970, Lord Evelyn Baring was appointed as the first:
Four 19th century developments aided in the rise of the "new imperialism," and among these ere nation building, the rise of liberalism, industrialization and:
to take up the "White Man's Burden" of empire.
Giving voice to the supposed "civilizing" aspect of the "new imperialism," Rudyard Kipling urged both the British and the Americans:
Historians refer to the form imperialism takes when a country annexed territories outright and subjugated the peoples who lived there as:
the interests of a small group of international financiers.
The British writer J. A. Hobson argued that the "scramble for Africa" was caused by:
did not always lead to prosperous colonies.
Most historians would agree that the late 19th century European imperialism:
a series of quick responses, often improvised, to particular situations.
Throughout 19th century Europe, "imperial policy" was usually a matter of:
East India Company.
Prior to the Great Mutiny of 1857, all Indian trade was held as a monopoly by the British:
remained open as they could never agree on a single policy.
British cultural policy toward its colonies always:
the refusal of Indian troops to use rifle cartridges greased with pork fat.
The Sepoy Rebellion had as it's immediate cause:
to have the surviving mutineers immediately tried and executed.
One military solution the British used to end the Sepoy Rebellion was:
The last area of India annexed by the British in 1856 was:
through the Indian upper class.
After "the mutiny," Britain sought to rule India:
Lord Curzon, a prominent 19th century British conservative politician and proponent of empire, believed that the key colony in the British empire was:
Although best known for his work to create an independent India, Mohandas Gandhi first gained recognition for his legal work in the British colony of:
the Chinese banned opium imports.
The Opium Wars began when:
gave the British Hong Kong "in perpetuity."
The Treaty of Nanking:
The Indian portion of the triangular European/Indian/Chinese economic relationship was comprised of:
radical Christian rebels who challenged the authority of the emperors.
The T'ai-p'ing Rebellion was a conflict between:
One result of the Sino-Japanese War was to secure the independence of:
serves as an example of an anti-imperialist movement.
The Boxer Rebellion:
China being forced to make new trade concessions to foreigners.
The Boxer Rebellion resulted in:
the spying, maneuvering, and support of friendly puppet governments by Russia and Britain.
The expression of "the Great Game" referred to:
Russia championed a policy of only annexing lands bordering itself; it had no overseas colonies.
In what way was the 19th century Russian imperialism different from that of other European countries?
The French colonization effort in Southeast Asia was supported by republicans such as _____, who argued that "...the superior races have a right vis-a-vis the inferior races... They have a right to civilize them."
demonstrated the greatness of the nation to all French people.
The "civilizing mission" of the French:
The greatest problem faced by the French in their African colonies was:
established the ground rules for a new phase of European expansion.
The Berlin Conference of 1884:
a private company controlled by Leopold II.
In reality, the Congo Free State was run by:
brought the king to task for the "crimes perpetrated...in your name."
After viewing the conditions in the Congo, the African American George Washington Williams sent an open letter to King Leopold II in which Williams:
To gain national prestige and make Germany a great power.
Why did Bismarck bring Germany into the "scramble for Africa?"
acquiring colonies from the west to the east of the continent.
French interest in Africa was focused on:
The Heart of Darkness.
The abuses of the Congo Free State were publicized by European writers such as Joseph Conrad in his book:
Which nation used the symbol of the "Cape-to-Cairo" railway as their goal in Africa?
How many independent state were there in Africa in 1914?
Who coined the term eugencies to describe the science of improving racial qualities?
In 1900, an indictment of the French colonial administrators for indifference to women, Arab Women in Algeria, was published. It was written by:
Authur de Gobineau
The theory that human beings were composed of three races, the "black," "yellow" and "white," with the "white being the superior race, was proposed in The Inequality of the Races by:
the tension between preserving national traditions and identity in the face of a constantly changing, hybrid colonial culture.
One cause for much concern by Europeans and colonial authorities dealt with:
W. E. B. DuBois
The London Pan-African Conference of 1900 issued a proclamation, To the Nations of the World, which had an introduction written by the American:
The Afrikaners, or Boers, were European settlers from:
In 1898, under the leadership of General Horatio Kitchener, the British avenged the death of Charles Gordon and secured the Sudan at the battle of:
The early colonial success Italy realized with Eritrea and parts of Somalia encouraged it to invade:
In 1896, Emperor Menelik II of Ethiopia defeated an invading army from:
the Spanish-American War.
Rudyard Kipling's poem, The White Man's Burden, was originally published during:
Concentration camps were first used by the British during the:
found it impossible to reimpose the conditions of late 19th century imperialism.
After World War I had come to an end, the Great Powers:
between the European nations themselves.
The crises of western empires that developed by the turn of the 20th century created tensions:
The United States became an imperial power following its victory in the "splendid little war" against:
The Suez Canal linked the Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf.
By the late 19th century, Berlin had replaced London as the banker of the world.
New imperialism brought fierce competition among the nations and was a profoundly destabilizing force.
"Imperialism" is the process of extending one state's control over another.
Although the slave trade was outlawed in British and French colonies, new systems of forced labor cropped up to take their places.
In general, 19th century imperialism involved more independent entrepreneurial activity by merchants and traders and less emphasis on settlement and discipline.
David Livingstone's famous phrase "the white man's burden" referred to the European mission to civilize the globe.
The sati was the Indian rite in which a wife immolated herself on her husband's funeral pyre.
British success in Indian came primarily from the imposition of a single cultural society that forced English culture upon the Indians, sometimes by force.
The Great Rebellion of 1857 was triggered by the discipline of Indian soldiers who refused to use rifle cartridges greased with pork fat.
Mohandas Gandhi was representative of a large number of Indians who left India to serve as indentured servants or work as professionals in other areas of the British empire.
Although Britain traded with China for luxury goods such as opium, silk, porcelain, and art objects, it was the tea trade that heightened conflicts between the two nations in the early 19th century.
Opium was exported from China in the 19th century to Britain, India and the rest of the world for use in medicine and for pleasure.
Private investors, such as Cecil Rhodes, played just as large a part in the partitioning of Africa as did individual countries.
The technology of artillery made innovations such as the machine gun an effective deterrent to armed resistance by native peoples, as seen in its use by the British army in Africa.