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Canadian Government Test 1
Grade 8 Canadian Government Terms and Descriptions
Terms in this set (68)
Campaigning to seperate (Quebec) from the rest of Canada as a country in its own rights.
This would allow (Quebec) the power to make all of its own decisions.
Aware of what is going on, the issues, needs of the community, and how government functions.
Also aware of our role in the workings of the community and government and the different views and opinions of those in the community.
Understanding all of the above and acting to do something to affect the community and the working of our government in a positive, constructive way.
a form of government in which one person holds absolute power.
a form of government ruled by a hereditary head of state.
a form of government in which the privileged class rules.
Samuel de Champlain
1672: first governor of Canada
1952: Canada's first Canadian Governor General
1983: Canada's first woman governor general
Current governor general
1926: William Lyon MacKenzie King formed Liberal government with support of other parties even though Conservatives had more seats in the H of C. Facing charges for corruption, P.M. King asked G.G. Byng to dissolve parliament.
G.G. Byng insisted on allowing Conservatives to form a new government, but they fell days later in a H of C vote.
Current Lieutenant Governor for Nova Scotia
Current Prime Minister of Canada
Sir John A. Macdonald
Conservative and lead Canada to Confederation (1867) and brought about Canadian Pacific Railway linking country coast to coast. First PM of Canada.
Sir Wilfred Laurier
Liveral and opened west to immigration. PM
Sir Robert Borden
Unionest Conservative: led Canada through WW1 and secured seat for Canada in the League of Nations (forerunner to UN)(not successful). PM
William Lyon MacKenzie King
(King Byng affair) Led through WW2 and implemented seniors pension plan and unemployment insurance. PM
Liberal: welcomed Newfoundland as Canada's 10th province and set up tax dollars sharing system with provinces. PM
progressive conservative: Canadian Bill of Rights which were eventually guaranteed in Constitution. PM
Liberal: the flag and National health care plan. PM
Liberal: made Canada officially bilingual and patriated Canadian constitution to replace British North America Act.PM
Progressive Conservative: free trade deal with US and Goods and Services Tax. PM
first women premier in 1991when she replaced previous premierwho resigned in BC.
first elected woman premier in PEI in 1993
tough premier of Quebec in 1940's and 1950's with reputation for corruption. Premier
started Quebec's separatist movement and became premier but did not manage to lead Quebec out of Canada before his death. Premier
was a federal Conservatice MP and Cabinet Minister who resigned to fight for Quebec separatism. Premier
led Newfoundland into Confederation and became its first premier in 1949. Premier
William Aberhart (Bible Bill)
was leader of world's first Social Credit government in ALberta in 1935. He wanted to give everyone in Alberta $25 a month (wasn't successful)
leader of Co-operative commonwealth federation and ifst socialist premier in Canada in 1944. Credited with bringing universal health care to Canada and voted Greatest Canadian in CBC competition.
was first NDP premier in Ontario. He had a tough time due to recession in early 1990's. He became a liberal and made an unsuccessful attempt for leadership of the Federal Liberal party.
Became Ontario's premier on a common sense revolution platform. He lowered taxes and cut social spending.
served as New Brunswick's premier and did much for his province's economy. At one point his party controlled all seats in the legislature. He served briefly as Canada's ambassador to the US under Paul Martin.
Newfoundland's fiesty premier who campaigned against Stephen Harper's Conservative with his ANYTHING BUT CONSERVATIVE slogan.
First woman senator in 1930 who worked tirelessly to improve Canada's attitude and policy toward immigrants.
Jeanne Sauve (not GG one)
First woman speaker of the house.
-father of liberalism (needs of individual ahead of the government/person before state)
-man was rational being and not aggressive
-people had ceratain natural rights
-government was contract between citizens and gov. (people support/assist gov. and gov. protects and defends citizens' natural rights)
-citizens had right to overthrow the government if they broke contract
-life without government is horrible
-humans are selfish and egotistical
-had to surrender freedom for order to prevent chaos
-give up the right to do whatever they wished to ruler
-ruler provides order and stability
-citizens must give complete obedience to ruler
-Canada's head of state
- symbol of our ties to Britian first as empire now as commonwealth
-the term "royal" (eg royal canadian mint) is a show of respect
-Queen's appointed representative (appointed by recommendation of the Prime Minister) at federal level
-signs important state of documents (bills into law)
-welcomes visiting dignitaries
-represents Canada in other countries
-commander in chief of armed forces
-swears in PM and cabinet
-ensures Canada has a PM (generally leader of party with most seats in House of commons)
-NOT Canada's head of state but most powerful political figure in Canada
-Leader of party with the most seats in H of C (chosen by party members at leadership conference) generally appointed by G.G. after election
-PM does not have fixed term in office
-controls major government decisions. Discussion must be done in private and MP's who publicly disagree may be fired or asked to resign from the party and would then sit as an independent or join another party
-PM controls many appointments:
a)all members of cabinet
b) vacant seats on Supreme Court of Canada
c) heads of crown corporations (may replace at any time)
d)executive positions eg head of Transportation safety board
f)reccomends Parliamentary Budget Officer
g)10 lieutenant governor
h)3 territorial commissioners
- head of provincial or territorial governments
-referred to as first among equals in all provinces and territories (except Quebec where the title is Premier Ministre or Prime Minister)
-First Ministers' meeting - meeting of all premiers and PM
-job is the same as PM but only on matters that fall within that province's jurisdiction
-members of upper house of canada's parliament
-appointed by PM but only if there is a vacancy
-reasons for its existence:
a)based on British tradition of House of Lords
b)when Legislative Assembly wa granted a real political voice, the senate was seen as a way to balance any radical legislation they might propose
-senators must be:
a)30 years or older
b)live in province represented
c)own $4000 worth of land/have personal net worth of $4000 (good amount in 1867)allowed wealthy to block legislation they didn't agree with (1867)
d)through regional representation, it balanced against the larger numbers of MP's from Ontario and Quebec
-being appointed frees senators from worry of re-election when they are examining legislation
-senators originally appointed for life, but in 1965 they were expected to retire no later than 75 years old
Georges-Casmir Dessaulles 102.5 years old
William Miller 32.7 years old
Longest serving senator
Pascal Poirier 48.5 years
Members of Parliament
-Federally called MP's and Provincially called MLA's (except Ontario-Members of Provincial Parliament Mpp's and Newfoundland-Members of House of Assembly MHA's)
-are supposed to represent the views of their constituents. However party discipline requires that they vote with their party
- a backbencher is an elected member who is neither a cabinet minister nor a leading member of an opposition party
-Other duties MP's may take on:
-Cabinet minister:is responsible for running a government department (called a portfolio)
-Official Oppostion Leaders: head of party with second greatest number of seats in H of C
-Other Opposition Leader
-Speaker of the House: moderator of Parliamentary debate. Decided by vote of H of C. Does not vote except in the event of a tie when they generally vote with the government.
-Shadow Cabinet: critics for various government departments appointed Opposition leaders.
-municipal councils deal with many of the issues which most directly affect citizens' lives
-mayor is the head of the council but only gets one vote and must run for election to the position rather than being selected by a political party (political parties less common at this level)
-if the mayor does not win, there is no other seat on the council for her/him
-Areas of Responsibility: police, fire, ambulance service parks, street cleaning, zoning by-laws, libraries, public transit
-people who work for the government
-includes a multitude of jobs from scientists and technicians to lawyers and bureaucrats to bus drivers and teachers
It means rule by the people.
A meeting/popular assembly where they would meet, vote, and discuss the issues.
*Only adult male citizens could participate in ancient Greek government.
A hill on the western side of Athens. Men would meet, vote the issues.
Roman Empire and Bureaucracy
The Roman Empire used bureacracy to create a great network of roads and aqueducts to help their empire function. THey also had an army of civil servants and lots of administrators. This "army" took care of teh whole empire and expanses of land. The citizens had few rights, could be drafted in teh army assist in construction, and did not participate.
government by groups of officials, the officials administering the government. or an organized system of civil servants needed to administer a bureau, department, or ministry.
One of the earliest constitutions, which altered the power of the monarchy and clearly defined the rights and responsibilities of the King and his barons. King John was forced to sign it by nobles.
Divine Right of Kings
the belief that a monarch was God's representative on earth.
Britian's first Parliament
Henry III raises taxes again to finance wars. Barons would not pay up. Civil war erupted and Simon de Montfort led the rebellious barons.Captured Henry and ruled for one year. Two knights from each shire and two representatives. This was the first parliament. HenryIII could not go back had to keep up the parliament when he was asking for money.
-no taxation without representation
-Boston Tea Party (threw tea because they didn't want to pay the tax)
-wanted independence from British
a)Nobility (no taxes)
b)Clergy/Church (no taxes)
c) peasants/commoners (taxes)
-saying liberty, fraternity (brotherhood), equality
-urbanization (movement of people to cities and towns)
-growth of manufacturing (factories, primarily using coalfired or steam power)
-poor working and living conditions for adults and children
-unionization/labour movement, workers united to fight for better working and living conditions and fairer wages.
Russian Revolution 1917
Utopia-perfect or ideal society
-Russian Revolution was an attempt at a Utopian society
-Did not meet the mark
-Tsar (Csar)-comes from Caesar (Roman Ruler)
-Was a harsh society where the poor had few if any rights and the nobility controlled the lives and deaths of the poor
Karl Marx-wrote communist manifesto that Russians adopted to restructure after the revolution
-"From each according to his abilities; to each according to his needs"
-power struggles within leadership led to problems
-Lenin lost out and Stalin emerged as leader
-Stock market crash of 1929
-Massive unemployment and migration of workers across US throughout "dirty thirties"
-Gov't had maintained laissez faire attitude (leave it alone) so that gov't didn't interfere in the economy
Civil Rights movement and fall of the apartheid
-struggle for equality mainly for African Americans in mid 20th century
-Viola Desmond + Rosa Parks
-Martin Luther King Junior
-Nelson Mandela-one of ANC (african national congress) fought for equality in South Africa
-became first black sout african president after the fall of apartheid (institutionalized segregation mainly of whites and blacks allowing white minority to maintain control
-Mandela was imprisoned for many years
-1917 first women in Canada allowed to vote in response to dependence on women in Labour force during WW1
-Changes in technology (television, cellphones, internet, pc's) have dramatically increased citizens' access to info
-Our role now includes evaluation of info due to the wealth of info we have access to.
Queen Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor
-born 21 April 1926
-crowned 1952 (26x2)
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