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Fitness for Living Chap. 5-8

quiz questions
STUDY
PLAY
Weight training is not as effective as aerobic training in regard to weight loss
myth
More strength can be gained using free weights than machine weights
myth
Lifting weights will cause me to become muscle bond and decrease my flexibility
myth
Women who lift weights with develop men like muscles
myth
Weight training will help prevent osteoporosis
fact
Multiple sets of an exercise are a necessity in order to gain strength
myth
Most people have far more slow twitch muscle fiber than fast twitch
false
The abdominal crunch is the safest test to assess muscular endurance of the trunk
true
Muscular atrophy is the increase in the size of muscle fibers as a result of strength training
false
Although great for general fitness, walking is not sufficient for sustaining muscle mass
true
Abdominal crunches, modified dips, and push-ups can all be used to measure
muscular endurance
Muscle tissue
{all of the above] 1. helps maintain healthy posture; 2. generates heat needed to stabilize body temperature; 3. return blood to the heart during activity
A good level to start a weight training program would be to lift ________ percent of a one-repetition maximum
50-60
When using free weights a spotter is not necessary
false
Holding the breath is recommended when attempting to perform a maximum lift
false
Reduced strength as a person ages lessons the quality of his/her mobility and can lead to musculoskeletal injury
true
Strength training is any activity aimed at increasing the muscle's ability to generate force against a resistance
true
Muscular power involves the elements of both strength and speed
true
In order to increase muscular strength and endurance, training sessions should occur:
two or three times a week
Sprinters have more fast-twitch fibers than marathoners
true
Muscles tissue responds to exercise training in the same way at any adult age
true
The overload principle refers to a systematic and progressive increase in the resistance given to the muscle
true
The quality of muscle fiber in males and females is identical
true
Frozen and canned vegetables are nutritionally valuable components in a healthy diet
fact
Nuts make a healthy contribution to a balanced diet
truth
Honey is more nutritional sweetener than white sugar
myth
Low-carb is the way to go for quick and healthy weight loss
myth
carbohydrates are the fattening nutrient
myth
Muscle will turn to fat if unused
myth
There is no such thing as a high calorie burning foods that can help accelerate weight loss
fact
Skipping meals is a good way to lose weight
myth
Fad diets work for permanent weight loss
myth
It is too difficult to eat healthy in college. I will start to eat better when I graduate.
myth
The recommended daily consumption of grains is about:
6 ounces
Which is the body's preferred form of energy
carbohydrates
Nutrient dense foods provide significant nutritional benefit for a relatively low number of calories
true
Over half of the amino acids in protein are manufactured by the body
true
Current research suggest that vitamin C is effective in preventing the common cold
false
The average person consumes and excretes about _____ liters of water each day
two and one-half
The recommended daily consumption of meat and beans is about:
5-6 ounces
Which nutrient regulates muscle contractions, blood clotting, and protein synthesis?
minerals
Incomplete protein comes from animal sources
false
Which has the most calories per gram
fat
This important dietary element helps prevent constipation, hemorroids, and diverticulosis and is found in fruits, grains, and vegetables:
insoluble fiber
Most nutrition scientists agree that supplementation is not necessary because the body's nutritional needs are easily met through a balanced diet
true
Plant source foods never contain cholesterol
true
Helpful dietary compounds including lycopene, carotenoids, and ellagic acid are known as:
phytochemicals
Vitamins, minerals, and water add calories to the diet
false
Cholesterol consumption should be kept below _______ milligrams per day
300
The necessary percentage of nutrients in an athlete's diet differs from a non-athlete
false
This vitamin is important for pregnant women because it helps prevent neural tube defects like spina bifida:
folic acid
Current research suggests that vitamin C is effective in preventing the common cold
false
Large-scale studies suggest that 75 percent of obesity is due to lifestyle, cultural, and environmental factors
true
Obesity puts one at risk of certain types of cancer
true
Obesity is defined as being more than _____ percent body fat above the ideal
10
Eating disorders tend to run in families
true
Females comprise about 90 percent of people with eating disorders
true
Research points to some genetic link to body fatness
true
If weight loss is attempted by diet alone, the person is more likely to regain any lost weight
true
For safe and effective weight loss, exercise is a requirement for most people
true
Obesity for men is above ____ percent body fat
25
The number of fat cells in the body increases primarily during middle age
false
The energy expenditure of weight-bearing exercise is dependent on the body weight of the individual
true
The recommended safe and effective rate of weight loss is
1-2 pounds per week
Females comprise about 90 percent of people with eating disorders
true
The obese have a rate of diabetes which is _____ times the rate of non-obese
3
Research points to some genetic link to body fatness
true
Obesity for women is above ______ percent body fat
33
The increase in resting metabolism rate as a result of exercise is dependent on the type, intensity, and duration of the exercise program
true
Eating disorders tend to run in families
true
Weight loss in persons experiencing anorexia nervosa helps to lessen the fear of weight gain
false
For safe and effective weight loss, exercise is a requirement for most people
true
About every _____ seconds an American will suffer a coronary event
26
The higher the level of LDL-cholesterol an individual has, the lower his/her risk is for developing cardiovascular disease
false
Low-density lipoproteins (LDL-C) hace a low density of fat and a high density of protein
false
After age 65, women who have heart attacks are twice as likely to die as men
true
Statistics demonstrate that about ______ million Americans have high blood pressure
50
The desirable level for total cholesterol is
less than 180 mg/dL
Exercise which is below 60 percent of maximum heart rate does not seem to have a significant impact on HDL-C
true
Obesity is considered to be 20 percent above the ideal fat percentage
false
High estrogen levels contribute to greater production of "good" cholesterol in women
true
Which of the following is not a warning sign of a heart attack
pain spreading into hips and legs
Hypertension would be a systolic blood pressure above 140 and a diastolic blood pressure above
90
Cardiovascular disease is the leading killer of both men and women
true
The medical term for a heart attack is myocardial infarction
true
The greater the amount of body fat loss, the greater the decrease in triglycerides
true
Roughly 25 percent of the American population is at risk for CVD because of physical inactivity
false