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Terms in this set (71)
Behavior therapy is associated with
- empirically supported treatments.
- functional analysis of behavior.
- a comprehensive assessment process.
NOT a philosophical view of human behavior.
Behavior therapy assumes that:
Behavior is learned
Behavior therapy is characterized by:
- a focus on overt specific behavior
- a formulation of precise treatment goals
- the design of an appropriate treatment plan
NOT the subjective diagnosis of the therapist
Behavior therapy is based on:
an experimental analysis of behavior in the client's own social environment
Michael believes that he will be able to improve his public speaking skills after completing a speech course at school. Based on social-cognitive theory, one might observe that Michael is not lacking in:
The general goals of behavior therapy are:
to increase personal choice and to create new conditions for learning
What's true of the relationship between therapist and client in behavioral therapy?
- The relationship is considered collaborative
- Therapist and client work together in a warm and flexible manner
- The therapeutic relationship is an important factor in treatment outcomes
NOT that The therapist is solely responsible for setting treatment goals
All of the following are functions of the behavior therapist:
- to provide modeling for the client
- to assess specific behavior problems
- to provide reinforcement for clients
NOT to provide a direct and therapist run therapeutic environment
What interventions are associated with the third wave of behavior therapy?
- Dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT)
- Mindfullness-based stress reduction (MBSR)
- Mindfullness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT)
- Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT)
What's true about behavioral therapy?
- The client must be an active participant
- If clients are not involved or motivated, the chances are slim that therapy will be successful
- Both therapist and client need to work together for common goals
NOT that The client is merely passive while the therapist uses techniques
What's true about social skills training?
- it is a psychoeducaitonal approach to interpersonal growth
- it involves modeling and direct instruction and coaching
- it uses role playing exercises to simulate social situations
NOT that it requires clients to engage in catharsis
Which anxiety reduction technique involves creating a hierarchy of the client's fearful experiences?
Behavior therapists look to the current environmental events that maintain problem behaviors and help clients produce behavior change by changing environmental events, through a process called:
Behavioral therapists conduct a thorough functional assessment/behavioral analysis to identify the maintaining conditions by systematically gathering information about situational
, the dimensions of the problem
, and the
of the problem.
is influenced by
that precede it and by the
that follow it.
What is true about behavior therapy?
- Because cognitive factors have a place in the practice of behavior therapy, techniques from this approach can be used to attain humanistic ends.
- Contemporary behavior therapy is grounded on a scientific view of human behavior.
- Behavioral methods can be applied to a diverse client population.
Basic characteristics of behavior therapy
- Treatment goals are specific and concrete
- It is grounded in learning theory
- Many specific techniques are supported by research
- The therapist is
manipulative or controlling
Who has done most of the work in the area of modeling?
B. F. Skinner is associated with which of the following trends in the behavioral approach?
How do behavior therapists function in the therapeutic setting?
- They use techniques such as summarizing, reflection, clarification, and open-ended questioning.
- They focus on using a variety of techniques in narrowly treating specific behavioral problems.
- They complete a formal assessment prior to treatment to determine behaviors that are targets for change.
- Stresses changing specific behaviors and developing problem solving skills
Phil has been in behavior therapy to address his fear of heights. The treatment will not be considered complete until:
Phil transfers what he learns in therapy to his everyday life and takes actual steps to confront his fear.
What are the 5 steps in a self-directed change program?
1. Selecting goals
2. Translating goals into target behaviors
4. Working out a plan for change
5. Evaluating an action plan
a comprehensive, systematic, holistic approach to behavior therapy developed by the late Arnold Lazarus
What's true about "technical eclecticism" in multimodal therapy?
Therapists use techniques from a variety of theories to a wide range of problems
In terms of ethical accountability, behavior therapy:
is ethically neutral in that is does not dictate whose behavior or what behavior should be changed
Which behavior therapist is credited with developing the social cognitive learning model, doing much work on observational learning and modeling, and writing about self-efficacy?
Which of the following distinguishes the cognitive trend in behavior therapy from the trends of classical and operant conditioning?
Developing procedures that give control to clients and thus increase their range of freedom
Multimodal therapy is a therapeutic approach that is grounded on:
social cognitive learning theory
Behavior therapy has been criticized for a variety of reasons. Which of the following is one listed in the book?
Behavior therapy may change behaviors, but it does not change feelings.
During the 1980s, behavior therapy:
was characterized by a search for new horizons in concepts and methods that went beyond traditional learning theory.
the awareness that emerges through having attention on purpose, in the present moment, and
nonjudgmentally, to the unfolding or experience moment by moment.
Wolpe's systematic desensitization is based on the principles of:
The situation in which behaviors are influenced mainly by the consequences that follow them is:
_____________ involves the escape from or the avoidance of unpleasant stimuli.
What are the four modules skills are taught in dialectical behavior therapy (DBT)?
- interpersonal effectiveness
- Emotional regulation
- Distress tolerance
_________ is a key pioneer of clinical behavior therapy because of his broadening of its conceptual bases and development of multimodal therapy
All of the following are characteristics of the behavioral approaches:
- behavior therapy relies on the principles and procedures of the scientific method.
- behavior therapy specifies treatment goals in concrete and objective terms.
- behavior therapy focuses on the client's current problems and the factors influencing them.
Steps of systematic desensitization:
1. Relaxation training
2. Development of a graduated anxiety hierarchy
3. Systematic desensitization
Techniques used in mindfulness-based stress reduction therapy include
- Body scan meditation
- Forman and informal meditation
Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) integrates techniques from:
mindfulness-based stress reduction and cognitive behavior therapy.
In vivo flooding consists of:
exposure to actual anxiety-evoking events rather than simply imagining these situations.
Albert Bandura is credited with originally developing the progressive relaxation procedure.
(It was Edmund Jacobson)
Systematic desensitization typically includes the use of relaxation procedures.
A criticism of behavior therapy is that it treats symptoms rather than causes problems.
Modeling is a form of systematic desensitization
The third generation (or "third wave") of behavior therapy emphasizes considerations that were considered off limits for behavior therapists until recently.
Modeling methods have been used in treating people with anger management issues and in teaching new behaviors to children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
A trend in contemporary behavior therapy is the increased emphasis on the role of thinking in behavior.
In regards to third-generation behavior therapies, one of the core themes is creating a life worth living.
A behavior therapist makes use of the technique of open-ended questioning for the purpose of obtaining important information related to the client's problem.
Albert Bandura is directly responsible for promoting the "third wave" of behavior therapy.
What are the 5 interrelated core themes of the third-generation behavior therapies?
1. An expanded view of psychological health
2. A broad view of acceptable outcomes in therapy
5. Creating a life worth living
Mindfulness involves judgment and careful evaluation of one's thoughts.
(It's the awareness that emerges through having attention on purpose, in the present moment, and nonjudgementally, to the unfolding of experience moment by moment)
Third-generation behavior therapies center around five interrelated core themes.
Behavior therapy has been shown to be effective in the treatment of chronic pain.
There is no place for the role of thinking process and attitudes in contemporary behavior therapy.
Behavior therapy has undergone important changes and has expanded considerably.
Dialectical behavior therapy integrates behavioral techniques with psychoanalytic concepts and mindfulness training of Eastern psychological and spiritual practices.
Behavior therapists believe that insight is not a necessary condition for behavior change to occur.
In mindfulness practice, clients train themselves to intentionally focus on their "past experience with acceptance."
In mindfulness practice, clients train themselves to intentionally focus on their "
experience with acceptance"
Through mindfulness exercises, veterans may be better able to observe repetitive negative thinking and prevent extensive engagement with maladaptive ruminative processes.
Evidence-based therapies are a hallmark of both behavior therapy and cognitive behavior therapy.
Dialectical behavior therapy requires both individual and group treatment.
Behavior therapy groups employ a long-term treatment model.
Behavioral therapists tend to utilize
, time-limited interventions aimed at efficiently and effectively solving problems and assisting members in developing new skills.
Acceptance and commitment therapy is an example of a mindfulness based approach.
Mindfulness shows promise across a broad range of clinical problems, including the treatment of depression, anxiety disorders, relationship problems, substance abuse, and psychophysiological disorders.
There is little empirical support for acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT).
ACT has been empirically shown to be effective in the treatment of a variety of disorders, including substance abuse, depression, anxiety, phobias, PTSD, and chronic pain.
Behavior therapy practitioners focus on directly observable behavior, current determinants of behavior, learning experiences that promote change, tailoring treatment strategies to individual clients, and rigor assessment and evaluation
Acceptance is one of the third‐generation behavior therapies' five interrelated core themes.
In acceptance and commitment therapy, values are a basic part; however, the work does not depend on an individual wants and values.
Values are a basic part of the therapeutic process, and the work of ACT depends on what an individual wants and values
Progressive muscle relaxation has become increasingly popular as a method of teaching people to cop stresses produced by daily living.
Many therapeutic approaches are incorporating mindfulness and meditation, as well as other contemplative practices, in the counseling process.
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