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Ralph Waldo Emerson
wrote "The American Scholar" and "Self Reliance," said, "European stretches to Alleghenies; America lies beyond." Transcendentalist
followers of a Calvinistic Baptist minister who taught that the second coming of Christ would happen in 1844
Thomas Hart Benton
Missouri senator, expansionist, wanted to stand up to Britain over the Oregon territory issue
Worcester vs. Georgia
Supreme Court ruled that Georgia law could not be enforced in the Cherokee Nation
established boundary of Maine (between US and Britain); US gained more land (including iron ore in MN), Britain gained Halifax/Quebec route
decree that required all public lands to be purchased with "hard," or metallic, money
banks in which Jackson deposited federal money; these were his chief weapon in his struggle with the BUS
SC senator who sought to safeguard minority interests in the South in a debate war with Webster
Sam Houston commander-in-chief
former TN governor; tragic marriage, alcoholism, living with Indians, Texas
James Beckwith (Beckwourth)
born a slave (white father, mulatto mother), freed in 1810; mountain man in VA; lived among the Crow Indians in the West; member of Gen. Kearney's forces in CA
James G. Birney
Kentucky anti-slavery leader; presidential candidate of Liberty party in 1840, free soil (keep slavery out of territories) platform
Benjamin Henry Latrobe
British born; first professional architect in US (classical revival style); completed the Capitol building in Washington, DC; cathedral in Baltimore
Daniel Webster, Henry Clay
two able and experienced leaders of the Whigs who had hoped to govern through a weak president 1841-1845
"tyranny of the majority"
term used be de Tocqueville in Democracy in America which described why, although individuals have legal freedom in American democracy, there is great pressure for them to conform
Hannah Forsham Lee
woman author who wrote on living within one's income (Three Experiences in Living) in response to 1837 economic pains
John C. Calhoun
as vice-president under Jackson, he changed from nationalist to a Southern sectionalist
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