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21 terms

Ch 13 World Geo vocab

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city-state
an autonomous political unit made up of a city and its surrounding lands
republic
a government in which citizens elect representatives to rule on their behalf
Crusades
a series of wars launched by European Christians in 1096 to capture the Holy Land(Palestine) from Muslims
Renaissance
a time of renewed interest in learning and the arts that lasted from the 14th through 16th centuries; it began in the Italian city-states and spread north to all of Europe
aqueduct
a structure that carries water over long distances
Benelux
the economic union of Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg
Reformation
a movement in western europe beginning in 1517, when many Christians broke away from the Catholic Church and started Protestant churches; this led to mutual hostility and religious wars that toare apart Europe
feudalism
a political system prevailing in Europe from about the 9th century to about the 15th centuries in which a king allowed nobles the use of this land in exchange for their military service and their protection of the land
nationalism
the belief that people should be loyal to their nation, the people with whom they share land, culture, and history
Holocaust
the Nazi program of mass murder of European Jews during World War II
Berlin Wall
a wall erected by East Germany in 1961 to cut the capital of Berlin in 2, later dismantled in 1989
Nordic countries
countries of northern Europe, including Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden
parliament
A representative lawmaking body whose members are elected or appointed and in which legislative and executive functions are combined.
Silicon Glen
the section of Scotland between Glasgow and Edinburgh, named for its high concentration of high-tech companies
euro
a common currency proposed by the European Union for its member nations
cultural crossroads
a place where various cultures cross paths
balkanization
the process of breaking up a region into small, mutually hostile units
satellite nation
a nation dominated by another country
Market economy
a type of economic system in which production of goods and services is determined by the demand from consumers. also called a demand economy or capitalism
folk art
handmade items, such as pottery, woodcarving, and traditional costumes, produced by rural people with traditional lifestyles, instead of professional artists
anti-Semitism
discrimination against Jewish people