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taxed printed materials, newspapers, pamphlets, wills, etc.; raise $ to pay for american expenses
colonists resistance turned into violence in which brit. soldiers shot into a crowd, killing 5 people
boston tea party
colonists boarded brit. ships at night and dumped the tea into boston harbor; action against taxation
second continental congress
replaced first continental congress; met after revolution began; created continental army
built american confidence; militia/continental army stood up to brit.; considered a victory
wrote common sense; used lit. as a tool to fight against brit.; gained support for america and opposition against brit.
declaration of independence
draft by continental congress that declared america a separate country from brit.; independent
american general; fought at saratoga and yorktown; gave info on american army to brit., and switched sides for battle of yorktown
sent as a negotiater to france for troops during the revolution; helped write the treaty of paris
jean jacques rousseau
believed soc. corrupts humans; a soc. contract is justified in order to gain security
baron de montesquieu
rejected revolution; gov.'s exist to protect pol. liberty; constitutional monarchy should exist; promotes a separation of powers: executive, legislative, and judicial branches
kings are needed to provide strict, absolute control; kings will be held accountable by God
american victory; turning point of war; improved american morale; france sends troops to help america
convinced john adams, her husband, to improve the rights of women; "remember the ladies"
treaty of paris
treaty b/w america and brit.; brit. recognized america as an independent country with the mississippi as its western border; brit. gave florida back to spain; france regained colonies in africa
convention which met to strengthen national gov. and create equal representation b/w states; proposed great compromise
great compromise (VA/NJ plans)
house of rep.'s according to state population, with senate equal representation; VA plan: based on state's populations; NJ plan: small states interests with equal representation
every five slaves would count as three free people for determining representation and taxation
people opposing the constitution; problem of whether natl. or state gov.'s should be supreme
bill of rights
federalists promised to attach to the constitution; summary of fundamental rights guaranteed to the people
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