Upgrade to remove ads
Byzantine and Islamic Empires
Terms in this set (63)
End of Roman Empire
Body of water between Scandinavian Peninsula and Europe
Greek and Roman knowledge was preserved in these
the city to which Constantine moved the capital of the Roman empire. This shifted all of the power to the East.
The state of one who has chosen to remain unmarried for the sake of the Kingdom of Heaven in order to give himself entirely to God and to the service of his people.
Previously known as Byzantium, Constantine changed the name of the city and moved the capitol of the Roman Empire here from Rome.
The cultural mixing of both ancient Greek and Roman traditions.
the Hellenic branch of the Indo-European family of languages
eastern branch of Christianity centered in Constantinople
the Cathedral of Holy Wisdom in Constantinople, built by order of the Byzantine emperor Justinian
images of religious figures venerated by Byzantine Christians
Byzantine emperor in the 6th century A.D. who reconquered much of the territory previously ruler by Rome, initiated an ambitious building program , including Hagia Sofia, as well as a new legal code
Laws of the byzantine empire based the twelve tables of Roman law, became a basis for laws in many European nations
any dialect of the language of ancient Rome
Images created with tiny bits of colored tile fitted together and cemented into place
Eastern church which was created in 1053 after the schism from the western Roman church; its head is the patriarch of Constantinople. (also called the Byzantine Church)
Turkish people who converted to Islam, conquered Constantinople and changed the name to Istanbul
the head of the Roman Catholic Church
capital and largest city of Italy
a former empire in eastern Europe and northern Asia created in the 14th century with Moscow as the capital
a missionary sent by the Byzantine government to eastern Europe and the Balkans... converted southern Russia and Balkans to Orthodox Christianity...responsible for creation of written script for Slavic known as Cyrillic
Becomes the Eastern Half in _______ when the empire divids
The name fo the city that becomes the center of religion and capitol city of the empire?
The church of the predominant religion in Constantinople?
Eastern Orthodox Catholic Church
Justinian Code modified what laws?
Who was the ruler when the Byzantine empire reached it's greatest heights?
The Justinian Code provided the framework for what other system of law?
Western law of today.
Justinian's wife's name?
Heirarchy of Constantinople?
Pope then Patriarchs then Bishops then Parish
The Pope was the cause of ___________, a split between the Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Churches?
The church that was converted to a masque after the invasion of the Islamic people?
Mosaics are a very common form of _____ in Islamic and Muslim chirches?
Durign Justinians rule he built the Hagia Sophia to be the world's most _____________ church?
Who devised the Cyrillic Script form of writing that is the wriiten language of Russia?
Islamic nomadic clans were called?
-Muslim use Arabic is a holy language, but not as an everyday language -in Middle East there is a subordinate status to the Christians, who become acculturated (Jews too) -Jews are tolerated because Muslims and Jews are both monotheists -share Abraham
the monotheistic religion of Muslims founded in Arabia in the 7th century and based on the teachings of Muhammad as laid down in the Koran
Islamic state founded by Osman in northwestern Anatolia ca. 1300. After the fall of the Byzantine Empire, the Ottoman Empire was based at Istanbul (formerly Constantinople) from 1453 to 1922. It encompassed lands in the Middle East, North Africa, the Caucasus, and eastern Europe.
Ruler of the Ottomans also known as the Magnificent. The height of the Ottoman Empire was achieved under Suleyman. Reformed taxes, overhauled the government bureaucracy, also improved Court System (law giver).
Capital city of Iraq. As heart of the Arab Empire, it was second only to Constantinople in terms of size and grandeur in 1000 C.E.
beautiful mausoleum at Agra built by the Mogul emperor Shah Jahan (completed in 1649) in memory of his favorite wife, Mumtaz Mahal
narrow strait connecting Black Sea to Sea of Marmara, links Eastern Europe to the Mediterranean Sea
the strait between the Aegean and the Sea of Marmara that separates European Turkey from Asian Turkey
Tin and Iron
Goods that came to Constantinople from England
Justinian accomplished during his reign?
Conquered new land to be almost as large as Rome
Created a legal code called Justinian's Code
Plague in Constantinople?
It was a disease that resembled what we now know as the bubonic plague.
This horrifying illness hit Constantinople in the later years of Justinian's reign.
The plague probably arrived from India on ships infested with rats.
Historians estimate that in 542, the worst year of the plague, 10,000 people were dying every day.
The illness broke out repeatedly until around 700, when it finally faded.
By that time, it had destroyed a huge percentage of the Byzantine population.
How did the plague negatively impact the people of Constantinople?
It killed so many people that they were left weakened and vulnerable to their enemies.
Political marriage, diplomacy and bribes were used for what purpose in the Byzantine empire?
To try to save their failing empire.
a formal split within a religious organization; any division or separation of a group or organization into hostile factions
The split between the 2 churches were casued by what factors?
Language differences, church authority, priests right to marry and divorce.
the act of banishing a member of the Church from the communion of believers and the privileges of the Church
CHristianity split into Roman Catholic Chirch in the _________ and the Orthodox church in the __________?
West , East
What factors allowed Constantinople to withstand attacks for hundreds of years before it fell?
Walls, fleets of military and a strategic location.
Justinian became the ruler of the eastern empire when?
Justinian completed the building of the Hagia Sophia when?
In what year did the deadly plagues begin in Constantinople?
In what year did Arab armies attack Constantinople?
The first of three Russian invasions occurred in what year?
In what year did the churches split?
European crusading knights pillaged Constantinople in what year?
In what year did he Ottomon Turks overthrow Constantinople?
How did Icons lead to the split of the church?
The use of icons was a major factor in the split between the Eastern and Western Churches as church leaders debated whether their use violated the biblical prohibition of graven images. Byzantine Emperor Leo III banned the use of images in A.D. 726, equating them with idolatry. Pope Gregory III and his followers countered that the images were not idols but tools to help people stay focused on prayer.
How did excommunication lead to the split of the Christian church?
Michael Cerularius, the patriarch of Constantinople,1 and Leo IX, the bishop or pope in Rome excommunicated each other from the church and created a division between the 2 groups that would remain forever.
This set is often in folders with...
World History Chapter 6 Sections 6-2, 6-3, & 6-4
Ch. 11: The Americas on the Eve of Invasion APWH
Chapter 12, 13, 14 QUIZ
World History Chapter 10 Test
You might also like...
Chapter 10 Muslim Terms, History
Byzantine Empire - Chapter 6 in History Alive The…
World History Byzantine Unit
Chapter 7 and 8 AP World Vocab
Other sets by this creator
Modern Earth Science Chapter 24
Chapter 23 Modern Earth Science
Modern Earth Science Chapters 17,18 and 19
Other Quizlet sets
Africa 1100-1980 CE
lecture 2 notes
History Final (Concepts IDK)
AP Euro Chapter 21