SSWH8 Ancient Civilizations of Middle America
These are the terms you will need for your test on January 23
Terms in this set (40)
Known as the first civilization in Central America. This community lead to the development of the Maya, Inca and Aztec cultures.
This group in lived in the Southern part of what is now known as Mexico, and Northern Guatemala.
These people inhabited the mid valley region of Mexico and land that extended from the Gulf of Mexico to the Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea.
These people inhabited South America in what is now known as Chile and Peru.
responsible for a calendar which had 365 days. They also had a written language and mathematical system.
They experienced drought, practiced slash and burn, large animals they used for food died off. In fighting occurred between different communities.
ancient city or temple
method of farming crops usually as a food source
Practiced mostly by the Incas a technique of farming on steps
lasting community of people
a Spanish Conqueror
The Aztec Capital that was built in the middle of a lake. It is now Mexico City.
A mammal raised by the Incas to provide wool, as a pack animal and sometimes for milk.
A practice of killing a person to please the gods. Widely used by both the Maya and Aztec.
a Spanish Conqueror who brought down the Incan Empire in the 1500's
A Spanish conqueror who brought down the Aztec Empire in the 1500's
An Aztec King who believed that the Spanish were Gods.
Aztec Social Structure
Huey Tlatoani, Tlatoani, warriors, peasants, slaves
Mayan Social Structure
Ruler, merchants, commoners, farmers, slaves
Incan Social Structure
Rulers,Military leaders, artisans, and farmers
believed in blood letting
floating gardens which were used around Tenochtilan
Mayan symbols of beauty
flattened heads, sharpened teeth tattoos, piercings
Was believed to be an emperor, a priest and a god by the Aztecs. This person was elected to this position by his people.
They did not have a calendar or written language which is why a lot of their history is unknown. They invented gum. They mummified their dead by placing the bodies high up in mountain caves freeze drying them.
Incan runners who ran relays between cities to deliver important messages
The goal of the Incas was to capture their enemies not kill them. They would used those who were captured as human sacrifcies when they were really desperate.
Large Incan ruin high in the Andes Mountains most people believe it was used mostly for religious purposes.
Used highly advanced canal systems. they had running water in many buildings. They used knots on stings as a means for counting.
Incan Sun god the most important God they worshipped.
They believed in six major gods, The Sun God, Moon god, earth god, sea god and thunder and lightning god. They also believed that animal spirits inhabited the earth.
Was for boys. They learned arts and crafts.
they sacrificed at least 2 people a day. One in the morning and one at night. They would sacrifice up to 30,000 people in a year.
They had calendars, they used pictograms to represent stories
What were the Spanish looking for when they came to Central America
What lead to the decline of the Incan and Aztec Empires
disease, rebellion between communities, weapons, outside cultural influences.
created huge heads that may have represented Gods or rulers
used zero as a place holder and a calendar
Pok- a- tok
game played with a rubber ball where players tried to get the ball to go through a stone ring without using their hands. Winners were sacrificed by having their heart ripped out. Losers had their head cut off.
either death or blood letting. Women would cut their tongues men cut other parts