Chapter 10 AP World History Vocabulary Flashcards
Flashcards for Ms. Griffiths' class.
Terms in this set (20)
an architectural style developed during the 13th and 14th centuries in western Europe; featured pointed arches and flying buttresses as external support on main walls.
rural system of reciprocal relations between landlords and their peasant laborers during the Middle Ages; peasants exchanged labor for use of land and protection
peasant agricultural laborers within the manorial system
First Carolingian king of the Franks; defeated Muslims at Tours in 732
Carolingian monarch who established large empires in France and Germany circa 800
Holy Roman Emperor
political heirs to Charlemagne's empire in northern Italy and Germany; claimed title of emperor but failed to develop centralized monarchy
members of the military elite who received land or a benefice from a lord in return for military services
French dynasty ruling from the 10th century; developed a strong centralized monarchy
William the Conqueror
invaded England from Normandy in 1066; established tight feudal system and centralized monarchy in England
Great charter issued by King John of England in 1215; represented principle of mutual limits and obligations between rulers and feudal aristocracy, and the supremacy of the law
bodies representing privileged groups; institutionalized the principle that kings ruled with the advice and consent of their subjects
Hundred Years War
conflict between England and France (1337 - 1453)
Pope Urban II
organized the first Crusade in 1095; appealed to Christians to free the Holy Land from Muslim control
the practice of appointment of bishops; Pope Gregory attempted to stop lay investiture, leading to a conflict with the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV
St. Clare of Assisi
13th-century founder of woman's monastic order; represented a new spirit of purity and dedication to the Catholic church
St. Bernard of Clairvaux
emphasized role of faith in preference to logic; stressed importance of mystical union with God, successfully challenged Abelard and had him driven from the universities.
creator of one of the great syntheses of medieval learning; taught at University of Paris; author of Summas; believed that through reason it was possible to know much about natural order, moral law, and nature of God
dominant medieval philosophical approach; so-called because of its base in the schools or universities; based on use of logic to resolve theological problems.
associations of workers in the same occupation in a single city; stressed security and mutual control; limited membership, regulated apprenticeship, guaranteed good workmanship; held a privileged place in cities.
Bubonic plague that struck Europe in the 14th century; significantly reduced Europe's population; affected social structure.
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