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When the British attacked New York in late August 1776

the American army was fortunate to escape into New Jersey

In August 1776, General Washington had 28,000 men under his command. By December he had


Thomas Paine's "The American Crisis"

bolstered American morale

Which city did the British capture early in the American Revolution and hold for the remainder of the war?

New York

On Christmas night 1776, Washington crossed the Deleware to defeat the


During the war, Benjamin Franklin's son, William

stayed loyal to Britain

During the war, Tories

came from all classes of society

The Patriot militia

frustrated Washington with their lack of discipline

The state militia units

often seemed to appear at crucial moments and then evaporate

Which of the following provided most of the money raised by the Continental Congress for the Revolution?
A. loans from foreign countries
B. requisitions from the states
C. contributions from patriotic citizens
D. direct taxes on the American people
E. new issues of paper money

New issues of paper money

The American victory at Yorktown would have been impossible without

French assistance

The news of Yorktown inspired the British to

end the war

An important factor in the conclusion of the peace negotiations was the

American decision to negotiate separately with the British

The peace treaty was signed in


Which of the following was NOT one of the provisions of the treaty ending the American Revolution?
A. Florida was given to Spain
B. Congress would not prevent British merchants from collecting debts owed to them by Americans
C. The Mississippi River was recognized as the western boundary of the United States
D. Congress would restore all property confiscated from Loyalists during the war
E. Americans were allowed to fish off the Canadian coast

Congress would restore all property confiscated from Loyalsts during the war

During the period of the Revolution, a slave might gain his freedom

if he served in the American army, if he joined the British, if it were granted by his master, if he successfully ran away (all of the above)

In the era of the Revolution, the northern states

took steps to abolish slavery

During the war, Margaret Corbin and Molly Pitcher were examples of women who

during battle, took the place of their wounded husbands

The celebration of _____ soon became the most popular public ritual of the United States

Independence Day

With the end of the war, many Americans viewed the United Staes as a

nation with a special destiny

General Washington's personal appeal to his officers ended the Newburgh Conspiracy. T/F


Merchants suffered more than farmers by the separation from Great Britain. T/F


Alexander Hamilton presided over the Constitutional Convention. T/F


Delegates to the Constitutional Convention sharply debated whether to establish a monarchy or republic. T/F


The New Jersey Plan proposed to keep a unicameral legislature with equal representation for each state. T/F


An important new development came in the mid-1780s when the United States opened trade with


An ongoing source of American tension toward the British was

British forts along the Canadian border

Shay's Rebellion was led by

indebted farmers

How many states were represented at the Annapolis Convention?


The Constitutional Convention met in


In regard to citizenship, the Constitution

gave Congress authority over naturalization

The great majority of the Founding Fathers rejected

rule by the people

The Founding Fathers viewed the most "democratic" branch of the government as the

House of Representatives

Most of the "Federalist" essays were written by

Alexander Hamilton

Who among the following was an anti-Federalist?
A. Alexander Hamilton
B. John Jay
C. Patrick Henry
D. James Madison
E. George Washington

Patrick Henry

The first of these states to ratify the Constitution was


The Constitution was ratified

despite a close vote in Massachusetts

As the new Constitution went into effect, Founding Fathers like Franklin and Washington viewed its future with feelings of


Merchants suffered more than farmers by the separation from Great Britain. T/F


The Constitution mentioned the word "slave" or "slavery" eighteen times. T/F


George Washington won thirty-eight of sixty-nine electoral votes to become the first president. T/F


Congress initially set the number of Supreme Court justices at nine. T/F


The Bill of Rights consisted of the first ten amendments to the Constitution. T/F


Jay's Treaty barely passed the U.S. Senate. T/F


Thomas Jefferson was elected the third president of the United States. T/F


By 1790, America

remained a predominantly rural society.

By 1790, the Indians

remained a powerful threat to western settlement

In early 1789, the new Congress gathered in the national capital, which was

New York City

The first Supreme Court

required its justices to serve on circuit courts as well

The Bill of Rights did all of the following EXCEPT:
A. safeguard freedoms such as press, speech, and assembly
B. appease some initial critics of the Constitution
C. constitute the first ten amendments to the Constitution
D. protect against "cruel and unusual" punishment
E. settle all questions about federal versus state authority

settle all questoins about federal versus state authority

The Alien Act of 1798

was aimed especially at French and Irish Republicans

The emergence of political parties

reflected basic philosophical differences between Jefferson and Hamilton

The party led by Madison and Jefferson that opposed Hamilton was the


Edmund Genet

encouraged Americans to attack Spanish territory on the frontier

By the mid-1790s, Americans became incensed with the British over

British seizure of American merchant vessels

Jay's Treaty

infuriated the Republicans for its concessions to the British

The Treaty of Greenville was an agreement between the United States and

Indians on the northwest frontier

Under President Adams, a war between the United States and France

was an undeclared naval conflict

The politician involved in partisan attacks on John Adams while he served as Adam's vice president was

Thomas Jefferson

The Sedition Act was aimed primarily at

Republican newspaper editors

The "revolution of 1800" refers to the electoin of Thomas Jefferson. T/F


Marbury v. Madison was sparked by one of President Adam's "midnight appointments". T/F


Once in office, Jefferson set out to dismantle Hamilton's Federalist economic program. T/F


During Thomas Jefferson's presidency, the national debt grew much larger. T/F


Thomas Jefferson signed an act outlawing the foreign slave trade as of 1808. T/F


Tecumseh was a Shawnee leader who supported the United States in the War of 1812. T/F


William Henry Harrison was the American hero at the Battle of New Orleans. T/F


The Treaty of Ghent

ended the war

As a result of the War of 1812, President Madison

learned the value of some Federalist policies

The Federalist Party was badly hurt by its involvement in the Hartford Convention. T/F


Americans felt intensely patriotic in the aftermath of War of 1812. T/F


Jefferson's inauguration was notable for

its being the first in Washington, D.C.

Who said, "We are all Republicans-We are all Federalists."

Thomas Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson's inaugural address reflected

a tone of simplicity and concilation

President Jefferson's cabinet

included Madison as secretary of state

In the case of Marbury v. Madison, the Supreme Court

declared a federal law unconstitutional

The Louisiana Purchase was a problem for Jefferson because

he believed that the Constitution did not give authrity to acquire new land

To avoid the problems associated with political parties running multiple candidates for the presidency, Congress

passed the 12th Amendment providing that electors use separate ballots to vote for a president and vice president

Aaron Burr's conspiracy

aimed to give him a private western empire

The British attack on Baltimore's Fort McHenry

resulted in a bombardment that did not force the fort's surrender

The United States experienced a period of economic prosperity in the years after the War of 1812. T/F


The Bank of the United States quickly ended the Panic of 1819 by making credit more easily available. T/F


Support for the Tariff of 1816 came primarily from the South. T/F


The National Road was a good example of an internal improvement because it was financed by the federal government. T/F


The "Era of Good Feelings" was marked by peace and prosperity. T/F


The Tariff of 1816 was intended to do all of the following EXCEPT:
A. raise revenue
B. protect American industry
C. tax imports
D. promote economic independence
E. lower the price of British goods

lower the price of British goods

John C. Calhoun accepted the Tariff of 1816 because he

expected the South would become a manufacturing center

The idea of federal support for internal imporvements

was represented by the construction of the National Road

James Monroe

like Madison, was a Virginia Republican

The Rush-Bagot Agreement

ended naval competition on the Great Lakes by limiting naval forces there

The Monroe Doctrine's effectiveness in preventing the restoration of Spain's colonies depended upon British naval supremacy. T/F


Four presidential condidates received electoral votes in 1824. T/F


John Quincy Adams displayed superb political skills during his term as president. T/F


During the 1820s, the tariff level generally declined. T/F


The Missouri Compromise was almost undone when Missouri put into its constitution a provision excluding free blacks and mulattoes. T/F


The Convention of 1818 did all the following EXCEPT:
A. settle the northern limit of the Louisiana Purchase
B. open Oregon to joint occupation by the United States and Great Britain
C. return control of the Southwest to Spain
D. acknowledge the right of Americans to fish off Newfoundland and Labrador
E. settle several points of contention between the United States and Britain

return the control of the Southwest to Spain

Under the Navigation Act of 1816, importations of West Indian produce

was restricted to American vessels or vessels belonging to West Indian merchants

By the late 1810s, the chief remaining source of friction with Britain was

trade with the British West Indies

Andrew Jackson led American troops into Florida in 1818

in pursuit of hostile Seminoles

Missouri's admission to the Union as slave state was balanced by the admission of the free state of


Jacksonians believed in equality of opportunity rather than equality of result. T/F


Martin Van Buren was a native of North Carolina had served two terms as the state's governer. T/F


John C. Calhoun was born in South Carolina. T/F


The Tariff of 1828 was also known as the "tariff of abomnitaions". T/F


In the midst of the nullification crisis, John C. Calhoun resigned as vice president. T/F


Andrew Jackson was a true Jeffersonian in his

belief in limited government

The Peggy Eaton affair revealed

the destructive gossip of the Washington social scene

As a result of the Eaton affair, President Jackson

drew closer to Martin Van Buren

Jackson's veto of the Maysville Road bill demonstrated his

belief that the federal government should not fund purely local projects

The proposed Maysville Road

would be entirely in Kentucky

During Jackson's presidency, the national debt grew smaller until it was paid off entirely. T/F


Most Whigs were states' rights advocates. T/F


Martin Van Buren opposed the establishment of an independent Treasury. T/F


The Whig presidential candidate in 1840, William Henry Harrison, was born in a log cabin. T/F


Jacksonian democracy involved the extension of voting rights to blacks, Indians, and women. T/F


Jackson declared his opposition to nullification

in his toast at a Jefferson Day dinner

Tariffs passed by Congress in 1830 and 1832

lowered duties on some items

How many states joined South Carolina in repudiating the tariff acts of 1828 and 1832?


In response to South Carolina's tariff nullification, Jackson

threatened to hang Calhoun

The compromise tariff that ended the nullification crisis was authored by

Henry Clay

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