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120 terms

College U.S. History Exam 2(tests 6-11)

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When the British attacked New York in late August 1776
the American army was fortunate to escape into New Jersey
In August 1776, General Washington had 28,000 men under his command. By December he had
3000
Thomas Paine's "The American Crisis"
bolstered American morale
Which city did the British capture early in the American Revolution and hold for the remainder of the war?
New York
On Christmas night 1776, Washington crossed the Deleware to defeat the
Hessians
During the war, Benjamin Franklin's son, William
stayed loyal to Britain
During the war, Tories
came from all classes of society
The Patriot militia
frustrated Washington with their lack of discipline
The state militia units
often seemed to appear at crucial moments and then evaporate
Which of the following provided most of the money raised by the Continental Congress for the Revolution?
A. loans from foreign countries
B. requisitions from the states
C. contributions from patriotic citizens
D. direct taxes on the American people
E. new issues of paper money
New issues of paper money
The American victory at Yorktown would have been impossible without
French assistance
The news of Yorktown inspired the British to
end the war
An important factor in the conclusion of the peace negotiations was the
American decision to negotiate separately with the British
The peace treaty was signed in
Paris
Which of the following was NOT one of the provisions of the treaty ending the American Revolution?
A. Florida was given to Spain
B. Congress would not prevent British merchants from collecting debts owed to them by Americans
C. The Mississippi River was recognized as the western boundary of the United States
D. Congress would restore all property confiscated from Loyalists during the war
E. Americans were allowed to fish off the Canadian coast
Congress would restore all property confiscated from Loyalsts during the war
During the period of the Revolution, a slave might gain his freedom
if he served in the American army, if he joined the British, if it were granted by his master, if he successfully ran away (all of the above)
In the era of the Revolution, the northern states
took steps to abolish slavery
During the war, Margaret Corbin and Molly Pitcher were examples of women who
during battle, took the place of their wounded husbands
The celebration of _____ soon became the most popular public ritual of the United States
Independence Day
With the end of the war, many Americans viewed the United Staes as a
nation with a special destiny
General Washington's personal appeal to his officers ended the Newburgh Conspiracy. T/F
true
Merchants suffered more than farmers by the separation from Great Britain. T/F
true
Alexander Hamilton presided over the Constitutional Convention. T/F
false
Delegates to the Constitutional Convention sharply debated whether to establish a monarchy or republic. T/F
false
The New Jersey Plan proposed to keep a unicameral legislature with equal representation for each state. T/F
true
An important new development came in the mid-1780s when the United States opened trade with
China
An ongoing source of American tension toward the British was
British forts along the Canadian border
Shay's Rebellion was led by
indebted farmers
How many states were represented at the Annapolis Convention?
5
The Constitutional Convention met in
Philadelphia
In regard to citizenship, the Constitution
gave Congress authority over naturalization
The great majority of the Founding Fathers rejected
rule by the people
The Founding Fathers viewed the most "democratic" branch of the government as the
House of Representatives
Most of the "Federalist" essays were written by
Alexander Hamilton
Who among the following was an anti-Federalist?
A. Alexander Hamilton
B. John Jay
C. Patrick Henry
D. James Madison
E. George Washington
Patrick Henry
The first of these states to ratify the Constitution was
Deleware
The Constitution was ratified
despite a close vote in Massachusetts
As the new Constitution went into effect, Founding Fathers like Franklin and Washington viewed its future with feelings of
uncertainty
Merchants suffered more than farmers by the separation from Great Britain. T/F
true
The Constitution mentioned the word "slave" or "slavery" eighteen times. T/F
false
George Washington won thirty-eight of sixty-nine electoral votes to become the first president. T/F
false
Congress initially set the number of Supreme Court justices at nine. T/F
false
The Bill of Rights consisted of the first ten amendments to the Constitution. T/F
true
Jay's Treaty barely passed the U.S. Senate. T/F
true
Thomas Jefferson was elected the third president of the United States. T/F
true
By 1790, America
remained a predominantly rural society.
By 1790, the Indians
remained a powerful threat to western settlement
In early 1789, the new Congress gathered in the national capital, which was
New York City
The first Supreme Court
required its justices to serve on circuit courts as well
The Bill of Rights did all of the following EXCEPT:
A. safeguard freedoms such as press, speech, and assembly
B. appease some initial critics of the Constitution
C. constitute the first ten amendments to the Constitution
D. protect against "cruel and unusual" punishment
E. settle all questions about federal versus state authority
settle all questoins about federal versus state authority
The Alien Act of 1798
was aimed especially at French and Irish Republicans
The emergence of political parties
reflected basic philosophical differences between Jefferson and Hamilton
The party led by Madison and Jefferson that opposed Hamilton was the
Republicans
Edmund Genet
encouraged Americans to attack Spanish territory on the frontier
By the mid-1790s, Americans became incensed with the British over
British seizure of American merchant vessels
Jay's Treaty
infuriated the Republicans for its concessions to the British
The Treaty of Greenville was an agreement between the United States and
Indians on the northwest frontier
Under President Adams, a war between the United States and France
was an undeclared naval conflict
The politician involved in partisan attacks on John Adams while he served as Adam's vice president was
Thomas Jefferson
The Sedition Act was aimed primarily at
Republican newspaper editors
The "revolution of 1800" refers to the electoin of Thomas Jefferson. T/F
true
Marbury v. Madison was sparked by one of President Adam's "midnight appointments". T/F
true
Once in office, Jefferson set out to dismantle Hamilton's Federalist economic program. T/F
false
During Thomas Jefferson's presidency, the national debt grew much larger. T/F
false
Thomas Jefferson signed an act outlawing the foreign slave trade as of 1808. T/F
true
Tecumseh was a Shawnee leader who supported the United States in the War of 1812. T/F
false
William Henry Harrison was the American hero at the Battle of New Orleans. T/F
false
The Treaty of Ghent
ended the war
As a result of the War of 1812, President Madison
learned the value of some Federalist policies
The Federalist Party was badly hurt by its involvement in the Hartford Convention. T/F
true
Americans felt intensely patriotic in the aftermath of War of 1812. T/F
true
Jefferson's inauguration was notable for
its being the first in Washington, D.C.
Who said, "We are all Republicans-We are all Federalists."
Thomas Jefferson
Thomas Jefferson's inaugural address reflected
a tone of simplicity and concilation
President Jefferson's cabinet
included Madison as secretary of state
In the case of Marbury v. Madison, the Supreme Court
declared a federal law unconstitutional
The Louisiana Purchase was a problem for Jefferson because
he believed that the Constitution did not give authrity to acquire new land
To avoid the problems associated with political parties running multiple candidates for the presidency, Congress
passed the 12th Amendment providing that electors use separate ballots to vote for a president and vice president
Aaron Burr's conspiracy
aimed to give him a private western empire
The British attack on Baltimore's Fort McHenry
resulted in a bombardment that did not force the fort's surrender
The United States experienced a period of economic prosperity in the years after the War of 1812. T/F
true
The Bank of the United States quickly ended the Panic of 1819 by making credit more easily available. T/F
false
Support for the Tariff of 1816 came primarily from the South. T/F
false
The National Road was a good example of an internal improvement because it was financed by the federal government. T/F
true
The "Era of Good Feelings" was marked by peace and prosperity. T/F
true
The Tariff of 1816 was intended to do all of the following EXCEPT:
A. raise revenue
B. protect American industry
C. tax imports
D. promote economic independence
E. lower the price of British goods
lower the price of British goods
John C. Calhoun accepted the Tariff of 1816 because he
expected the South would become a manufacturing center
The idea of federal support for internal imporvements
was represented by the construction of the National Road
James Monroe
like Madison, was a Virginia Republican
The Rush-Bagot Agreement
ended naval competition on the Great Lakes by limiting naval forces there
The Monroe Doctrine's effectiveness in preventing the restoration of Spain's colonies depended upon British naval supremacy. T/F
true
Four presidential condidates received electoral votes in 1824. T/F
true
John Quincy Adams displayed superb political skills during his term as president. T/F
false
During the 1820s, the tariff level generally declined. T/F
false
The Missouri Compromise was almost undone when Missouri put into its constitution a provision excluding free blacks and mulattoes. T/F
true
The Convention of 1818 did all the following EXCEPT:
A. settle the northern limit of the Louisiana Purchase
B. open Oregon to joint occupation by the United States and Great Britain
C. return control of the Southwest to Spain
D. acknowledge the right of Americans to fish off Newfoundland and Labrador
E. settle several points of contention between the United States and Britain
return the control of the Southwest to Spain
Under the Navigation Act of 1816, importations of West Indian produce
was restricted to American vessels or vessels belonging to West Indian merchants
By the late 1810s, the chief remaining source of friction with Britain was
trade with the British West Indies
Andrew Jackson led American troops into Florida in 1818
in pursuit of hostile Seminoles
Missouri's admission to the Union as slave state was balanced by the admission of the free state of
Maine
Jacksonians believed in equality of opportunity rather than equality of result. T/F
true
Martin Van Buren was a native of North Carolina had served two terms as the state's governer. T/F
false
John C. Calhoun was born in South Carolina. T/F
true
The Tariff of 1828 was also known as the "tariff of abomnitaions". T/F
true
In the midst of the nullification crisis, John C. Calhoun resigned as vice president. T/F
true
Andrew Jackson was a true Jeffersonian in his
belief in limited government
The Peggy Eaton affair revealed
the destructive gossip of the Washington social scene
As a result of the Eaton affair, President Jackson
drew closer to Martin Van Buren
Jackson's veto of the Maysville Road bill demonstrated his
belief that the federal government should not fund purely local projects
The proposed Maysville Road
would be entirely in Kentucky
During Jackson's presidency, the national debt grew smaller until it was paid off entirely. T/F
true
Most Whigs were states' rights advocates. T/F
false
Martin Van Buren opposed the establishment of an independent Treasury. T/F
false
The Whig presidential candidate in 1840, William Henry Harrison, was born in a log cabin. T/F
false
Jacksonian democracy involved the extension of voting rights to blacks, Indians, and women. T/F
false
Jackson declared his opposition to nullification
in his toast at a Jefferson Day dinner
Tariffs passed by Congress in 1830 and 1832
lowered duties on some items
How many states joined South Carolina in repudiating the tariff acts of 1828 and 1832?
none
In response to South Carolina's tariff nullification, Jackson
threatened to hang Calhoun
The compromise tariff that ended the nullification crisis was authored by
Henry Clay