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Cell energy pt 1
Terms in this set (19)
ADP adenosine diphosphate
The compound that remains when a phosphate group is removed from ATP, releasing ENERGY
Growing or metabolizing only in the PRESENCE OF OXYGEN
The anaerobic process by which yeasts and other microorganisms break down sugars to form carbon dioxide and ethanol
Growing or metabolizing only in the absence of oxygen
ATP adenosine triphosphate
main ENERGY source that cells use for most of their work
organism that converts solar energy into chemical energy, producing organic compounds, a.k.a. producers
The conversion of inorganic carbon (for example, CO2) into organic forms (for example, sugars).
process in cells in which oxygen is used to release stored energy by breaking down sugar molecules
process by which autotrophs convert inorganic chemical compounds, i.e.. hydrogen sulfide, into organic compounds
Any of various molecules like NADP+ that are capable of accepting electrons from one molecule and donating them to another in the process of electron transport
chemical reaction that requires the input of energy in order to proceed.
Chemical reactions that release energy
A series of reactions that ultimately splits glucose into pyruvate. Occurs in almost all living cells, serving as the starting point for fermentation or cellular respiration
organism that must obtain organic compounds from other organisms, a.k.a. consumers
Lactic acid fermentation
anaerobic form of energy production that occurs in muscle cells, converting pyruvic acid to lactic acid, causing fatigue and burning.
Light dependent reaction
process in which water, ADP, and NADP+ uses light energy to make oxygen, ATP, and NADPH
Light independent reaction / calvin cycle
Set of reactions in photosynthesis that do not require light; energy from ATP and NADPH is used to build high-energy sugar from CO2
Loss of electrons is oxidation, gain of electrons is reduction.
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.
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