Midterm 1 Supplemental Readings

Code of Hammurabi
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Terms in this set (19)
Plato's ApologyRetelling of socrates own defense of the philosphers lifestyle spoken in fromt of the jury acusing him(socrates) of corrupting the youth.Plato's PhaedoPlato's account of the last hours of socrates, just before he commits suicide by order of the state. most dialogue is concerned with the immortal nature of the soul. many christian principles.Plato's RepublicPlatos proposal for an ideal society. He proposed that because mankind is generally unable to comprehend the Forms, they are limited in what they can rightly understand about many issues. He suggests an allegory that depicts this confused state of mankind the "allegory of the cave" illustrates how only those who are able to perceive the true nature of hte forms wil be able to find truth. The philosphers are able to break their chains of ignorance and misperception to finally emerge from the cave of shadows itno the true light of reality. PHILOSOPHERS SHOULD BE LEADERS.Plato's TimaeusDiscusses the origin of the world which was created by the Demirge. A god like force that is the personification of reason, who united Forms with matter to make the world However, matter, being imperfect was not able to exactly replicate the Forms and so the actual world we live in is not a true representation of the FOrms. very close to Christian belief.Aristotle's Physicscontains the dynamic view of nature that Aristotle was famous for. He speaks of causation, the basis of exploratory science. IN it he describes his system of knowing as the four causes 1. material 2. formal 3. efficient 4. final causeAristotle's PoeticsAristotle's proof of is love for tragedy poetry and his commentary on it. Gives guidelines on what type of person the tragic hero should be, what the tragic deed and the other characters should be. shows that the greeks were interested in the psychological side of these tragedies.Epicurus: The atomsexplains the belief that atoms make up the world all knowledge comes from the experience of hte sensesEpicurus: Golden Maximsa way of life for those who would seek true happiness.Epictetus: Moral discoursesteaches attitude of how we must accept a lack of control over external events or circumstances and elarn to always be happy by accepting things exactly as they are.