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NO (measure ionized calcium when possible)
If total calcium is low, should you try to correct it? if so, how?
directly, inverse (reciprocal)
Phosphorus itself does not _________ effect PTH levels, however Phosphorus and calcium have a _________ relationship
lymph node aspirate
Bone marrow evaluation
What are two evalutations/tests you should perform to help rule out etiologies for hypercalcemia?
Clinical signs of hyperparathyroidism are mainly due to (and the same as) ___________________
fluid deficits have been replaced
Diuretic therapy (furosemide) should only be initiated if ________________.
Diagnosis has been made
Glucocorticoid therapy (prednisone) should only be initiated if ______________.
14, Vitamin D, 18
If pre-surgical calcium is greater than __ mg/dl, begin therapy with _________ before surgery (if greater than ____, begin 2-3 days prior)
Lymphoma, Anal sac adenocarcinoma
In the dogs, hypercalcemia of malignancy is most commonly associated with what two neoplastic conditions?
Lymphoma, squamous cell carcinoma
In the cat, hypercalcemia of malignancy is most commonly associated with what two neoplastic conditions?
Malignancy, Primary hyperparathyroidism, Vitamin D toxicity
Three causes of most severe hypercalcemia
Most dogs present with acute signs of hypocalcemia when _____________ is the cause
What should you suspect in an animal with profound hypocalcemia, hypomagnesemia, hyperphosphatemia, norma renal parameters and Low to undetectable PTH levels.
Decreased GFR results in Increased P, resulting in decreased Ca++, resulting in increased PTH, (renal secondary __________)
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