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HOSA BOWL 08-09
HOSA Bowl for the year 2008-2009
Terms in this set (229)
The opening in the occipital bone where the spinal cord pass
The larger bone of the lower arm
Simple or Closed Fracture
Type of fracture where there is a complete break of the bone with no damage to the skin
The upper portion of the sternum
Where doe the true ribs attach on the anterior part of the body?
What is the fracture where breaking and discoloration of the distal radius that causes a bulge at the wrist?
Type of fracture where the bone fragments or splinters into more than two pieces
Section of the spinal column that makes up part of the bony pelvis
The inflammation of the bursae, small fluid-filled sacs surrounding the joints
What are the cavities in the skull that surround the nasal area?
Lateral curvature of the spinal column
The process where the bone must be put back into its proper alignment so the fracture can heal
Positioning the bone in correct alignment and applying a case or splint to maintain the position
What bone forms the hard palate?
How many bones are in the vertebrae
Air space within a bone
Type of joint that is immovable
What are the pads of cartilage tissue that separates the vertebrae?
Name the type of fracture where the bone twists resulting in one or more breaks
What is the term for fingers?
The inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the sinuses
Caused by infectious organisms that form an abscess within the bone and accumulate pus in the medullary canal
The projection that forms the elbow
Which arthritis is a chronic, inflammatory disease affecting the connective tissues & joints?
Bone that forms the forehead
What is the long shaft of the long bones called?
What is the smaller leg bone called?
The bone of the shoulder girdle/ collar bone
Name for hip socket
Name for heel bone
Cells that produce bone tissue
When a bone is forcibly displaced from a joint
Ribs # 8-12 are called?
Red Bone Marrow
What bone tissue is hematopoetic?
Type of arthritis that is a chronic disease and usually occurs as a result of aging
On the posterior side, the ribs attached on the______
Surgical repair of the bone to put it in proper alignment
Scientific name for shoulder blade
Bone disease in children caused by lack of minerals in diet
A hip bone is called what? (collectively)
A tough membrane that covers the outside of the bone
What are the ends of bones called?
Abnormal increase in the forward curvature of the lumbar spine
Type of fracture where the bone bent & splints, causing a crack or incomplete break. It is common in children
How many bones in the cranium
The last two pairs of false ribs are called_______.
Forms the main trunk of the body & is composed of the skull, spinal column, ribs, & sternum
Freely movable joint
Medical term for thighbone
Forms the extremities & is composed of the shoulder girdle, arm bones, pelvic girdle, & leg bones
Open or Compound Fracture
Type of fracture where the bone breaks & ruptures through the skin
What bone is the cheek bone?
Type of joint that is slightly immovable
Type of fracture where the broken bone ends jam into each other
Bones that make up the instep of the foot
The areas where the cranial bones have joined together
The increased porosity or softening of the bones. Common in women
Facial bone that forms most of the upper jaw
Strong fibrous white bands that attach muscles to bones
Name the lower portion of the sternum
Openings in a bone through which blood vessels, nerve, & ligaments pass
Division of the skeleton that protects the major organs of the nervous, respiratory, & circulatory system
The membrane that lines the medullary canal & keeps the yellow marrow intact
The medical term for kneecap
Number of lumbar vertebrae
The opening between the ischium & pubis
Name the fracture where a broken piece of skull bone moves inward
What is the bone of the upper arm?
The rounded bowing of the back at the thoracic area. Called hunchback
The smaller bone of the forearm
Bones that make up the ankles
The name for the bones of the wrist
What connective tissue bands that help long bones attach together at joints?
What is the medullary canal filled with?
Rupture of the intervertebral disk that causes pressure on the spinal nerve roots
How many facial bones are there?
Term for a crack or break in a bone
Another name for the lower jaw
The bone that forms the inner aspect of the eyes
The cavity in the diaphysis
How many pairs of ribs are there?
How many bones does an adult human have?
A ballooning out of, or sac-like formation on an artery wall
How many leukocytes are in 1 cubic millimeter of blood?
Type of leukocyte that increase in response to allergic reactions. It removes toxins & defend the body from allergic reactions by producing antihistamines
What is the life span of thrombocytes?
Blood vessels that contain valves to prevent blood from flowing in a backward direction
What side of the heart is where blood is high in oxygen & low in carbon dioxide
An inadequate number of red blood cells, hemoglobin, or both
The smallest branches of arteries
Abnormally swollen veins that lost elasticity & cause decrease blood flow
The double layered membrane that covers the outside of the heart
Blood vessels that carry blood back to the heart
Vessels that allow oxygen and nutrients to pass through to the body cells
Which blood cells contain hemoglobin?
What are located in the nasopharynx. They are also called adenoids
The gel-like net of fine fibers that traps erythrocytes, platelets, & plasma to form a clot
The part of the heart that receives blood from the right atrium & pumps the blood into the pulmonary artery
Term for abnormal heart rhythms
Prothrombin and Fibrinogen
Name the 2 blood proteins necessary for the clotting of blood
What separates the ventricles in the heart?
Which chamber of the heart receives oxygenated blood as it returns from the lungs?
How much blood does the average adult body contain?
The enzyme produced by thrombocytes to form thrombin
The middle & thickest layer of the heart which consists of cardiac muscle
Interstitial or intercellular fluid
What forms when plasma diffuses into tissue spaces?
The largest artery in the body
The inner layer of the heart
What blood vessel is muscular & elastic?
Inflammation of a vein
Which side of the hear is where blood is low in oxygen & high in carbon dioxide?
Occurs when fatty plaques are deposited on the walls of arteries
What leukocyte phagocytize bacteria by secreting an enzyme called lyosozyme?
Results from an injury to or destruction of the bone marrow leading to poor or no formation of RBCs
Mitrial or Bicuspid Valve
The valve between the left atrium & left ventricle
Condition where red blood cells assume an abnormal sickle shape
Occurs when a blockage in the coronary arteries cuts off the supply of blood to the heart
What system carries oxygen & nutrients to body cells; carries waste products away from cells?
Malignancy by a progressive increase in # of abnormal leukocytes
Term for inflammation of a vein with formation of a clot
Term for high blood pressure
Monocytes and Lymphocytes
What types of leukocytes have an important role in protecting the body against diseases?
What chamber of the heart receives blood from the left atrium & pumps the blood into the aorta?
A mass of lymph tissue located in the center of the upper chest. It atrophies after puberty.
Small, round or oval masses that filter the lymph & remove impurities. Popularly called lymph glands
What is the life span for a leukocyte?
Pulmonary Semilunar Valve
What valve is located between the right ventricle & the pulmonary artery?
Results in the formation of abnormally large & an inadequate number of erythrocytes
The valve between the right atrium & right ventricle
What carries blood away from the heart?
Approximately what percentage of plasma is water?
Hardening or thickening of the arterial walls resulting in a loss of elasticity
What is the highest pressure against the walls of the blood vessels. It occurs when the ventricles contract
Bundle of His
What are the nerve fibers in the septum called?
What is a large tube that drains the lymph from the rest of the body?
What part of the heart receives blood as it returns from the body cells?
What is the lowest pressure against the walls of the blood vessels. It occurs when the ventricles are relaxed.
Small, open-ended lymph vessels that act like drain pipes which picks up lymph at tissues throughout the body
What group of nerve cells located in the right atrium that sends out an electrical impulse, which spreads out over the muscles in the atria. It is also called the "pacemaker"
Another name for platelets
Form of cardiac arrhythmia that is fatal unless reversed. The ventricles contract at random without coordination.
Which white blood cells promote the inflammatory response?
Inflammation of lymphatic vessels, usually resulting from an infection in an extremity
Another name for red blood cells
Which leukocytes proved immunity for the body & protect against the formation of cancer cells?
Right lymphatic duct
What is the short tube that receives all of the purified lymph from the right side of the head & neck, right chest & right arm?
4.5 - 5.5 million
What is the normal erythrocyte count in 1 cubic millimeter of blood?
Inferior Vena Cava
What brings the blood from the lower part of the body to the heart?
Congestive Heart Failure
Condition that occurs when the heart muscles do not beat adequately to supply the blood needs of the body
The smallest branches of veins
A foreign substance circulating in the blood
What transports tissue fluid proteins, fats, & other materials from tissues to the circulatory system?
Specialized lymphatic capillaries that pick up digested fats or lipids that is in the area of the small intestine
Average normal life span of a red blood cell
Device that makes the measurement of the electrical activity of the heart possible
What is a group of nerve cells located between the atria & ventricles that sends the electrical impulse through the Bundle of His?
Inflammation or infection of the lymph nodes?
When lymph is mixed with lipids
Masses of lymphatic tissue that filter interstitial fluid
What is located between the left ventricle & the aorta
What maybe used to remove or compress the fatty deposits in the arteries, or to insert a stent to allow blood flow?
The bundle branches subdivides into a network of nerve fibers throughout the ventricles
Iron deficiency anemia
Results when there is an inadequate amount of iron to form hemoglobin in erythrocytes
What separates the upper part of the heart?
It carries oxygen & carbon dioxide and gives blood its red color
250,000 - 400,000
What is the normal thrombocyte count for 1 cubic millimeter of blood?
A device that shocks the heart with an electrical current to stop the uncoordinated contraction & allow the sinoatrial node to regain control
Which type of medication is administered to control high blood pressure?
What is a thin, watery fluid composed of intercellular/interstitial fluid?
What carries nutrients & oxygen to the body cells & carries metabolic waste away from cells
Fontanel/ soft spot
What is the place where the sutures between the frontal & parietal bones have not yet closed on an infant?
Medical term for shin bone
What is the portion of the skull that encloses the brain?
Another name for spinal column
How many cervical vertebrae are there?
55% of liquid plasma and 45% formed elements
What is blood composed of?
What are the 2 upper chambers of the heart called?
Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the pericardial sac
What is a chronic, malignant disease of the lymph nodes? Most common form of lymphoma
What system carries some tissue fluid & wastes to blood, & assists with fighting infection?
An inflammation or infection of the tonsils
What is an enlarged pouch-like structure that serves as a storage area for purified lymph
An inherited disease that occurs in males in which the blood is unable to clot
Superior Vena Cava
Large vein that brings blood from the upper body to the heart
What is a highly contagious fungus infection of the skin or scalp? Common symptoms is the formation of a flat or raised circular area with a clear central area with an itchy, scaly, or crusty outer ring
What system provides for reproductive?
What are the cell structures called that help a cell to function?
When the ovum & sperm join together, what do they form?
What does the nucleolus manufacture?
What is a complex, highly organized system that coordinates all the activities of the body?
What is the study of the form and structure of an organism?
What is a form of asexual reproduction where a cell divides into 2 identical cells?
Name for long, coiled molecules of deoxyribonucleic acid?
Neurons or Nerve Cell
The basic structural unit of the nervous system
What is located in the cytoplasm & near the nucleus that contains centrioles?
When cells of the same type join together for a common purpose, what do they formed?
What system coordinates & controls body activities?
When tissues join together for a particular function, what do they form?
What is the semi-fluid that contains water, proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, minerals, & salts? It is also the site for all chemical reactions to occur.
The cell membrane allows only certain substances to enter and leave the cell. What is the term for this?
What is the outer protective covering of the cell?
What is the stack of membranes layers that produces, stores, and packages secretions for discharge from the cell?
What cell structures contain digestive enzymes to digest and destroy old cells?
What is the study of the processes of living organisms of why and how they work?
What is the contagious fungal infection that usually affects the feet?
How many chromosomes are in a sex cell?
What cells have the ability to transform themselves into any of the body's specialized cells & perform many different functions?
What is another term for unknown cause?
What are the pocket-like folds in the cell membrane that allows large molecules to enter the cell?
What is the structure that holds chromatids together?
What network of tubular structures allows for transport of materials into & out of the nucleus, & also aids in synthesis & storage of protein?
46 chromosomes or 23 pairs of chromosomes
How many chromosomes does each cell have?
When organs and other body parts join together to perform a particular function, what do they form?
What system created framework of body, protects internal organs, produces blood cells & acts as levers for muscles?
Carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, sulfur, nitrogen, phosphorus
Name the ordinary elements
What organelle is located inside the nucleus and is important in cell reproduction?
What controls many of the cell activities
What is the tissue that provides protective padding, insulation, and support and is a nutrient reserve?
What is the term for insufficient amount of tissue fluid?
What is the study of how disease occurs & the responses of living organisms to disease processes?
What system works in conjunction with circulatory system to remove wastes & excess fluids from the tissues?
What is the condition when there is an excess amount of tissue fluid?
What system protects body from injury, infection, & dehydration?
What is the basic unit of structure and function in all living things?
What is the furnance or powerhouse of the cell?
What is the supporting fabric of organs & other body parts?
What system produces & secretes hormones to regulate body processes?
What is the process that sex cells divide by?
What kind of tissue lines internal organs and serves as a covering for the skin?
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