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Terms in this set (50)

1. Examples- are samples or instances that support or illustrate a general claim. a. Brief examples- quick bullet points (p.229) b. Extended examples- provide details about the instance being used, giving your audience a deeper and richer picture of your point. 2. Definition: a. Dictionary definition- provides the meaning of a term as presented in a dictionary. b. Expert definition- comes from a person who is a credible source of information on your topic. c. Etymological definition- explains the linguistic origin of the term. (appropriate when the origin is interesting or will help the audience understand the term.) d. Functional definition- explains how something is used of what it does. 3. Testimony- consists of information provided by other people. a. Expert testimony- consists of statements made by credible sources who have professional or other in-depth knowledge of a topic. b. Lay testimony- consists of statements made by persons with no special expertise in the subject they are discussing. 4. Statistics- are information presented in numerical form. (rates of things) a. Limit number of stats; use visual aids to explain your stats; establish context (explain what the stats imply for your audience) 5. Narratives- are the anecdotes (brief stories) of somewhat longer accounts that can be used to support your main points. (good attention getter, humans by nature love a good story.) 6. Analogies- are a comparison based on similarities between two phenomena, one that's familiar to the audience and one that is less familiar.